William W. Van Alstyne

William R. and Thomas L. Perkins Professor Emeritus of Law


William W. Van Alstyne, who joined the Duke Law faculty in 1965, also has been, since 2004, the Lee Professor of Law at the Marshall-Wythe Law School at the College of William and Mary.  A scholar of constitutional law, Professor Van Alstyne’s areas of specialization include:  14th Amendment; 1st Amendment (Speech); 4th, 5th, 6th Amendments; Civil Rights Law; Comparative Constitutional Systems; Comparative Law--Constitutional Law; Constitutional History; Constitutional Law; Constitutional Tort Litigation; Due Process; Education Law; Eminent Domain (Takings); Federal Courts; Federalism; Health Law; Human Rights Law; Immigration Law; Intellectual Property Law--Copyright Law; Judicial Biography; Jurisprudence; Legal History; Media and the Law; Philosophy of Law; Race and American Law; Separation of Powers; and War Powers.

Professor Van Alstyne is a graduate of the University of Southern California (B.A. in philosophy, magna cum laude) and Stanford University Law School (J.D., Articles and Book Review Editor of The Stanford Law Review). Following his admission to the California Bar and brief service as Deputy Attorney General of California, he joined the Civil Rights Division of the U. S. Department of Justice handling voting rights cases in the South. After active duty with the U. S. Air Force, he was appointed to the law faculty of the Ohio State University, advancing to full professor in three years. Professor Van Alstyne was named to Duke’s William R. and Thomas S. Perkins Chair of Law in 1974.   He holds a certificate from The Hague Academy of International Law and has been honored with LL.D. degrees by Wake Forest University and the College of William & Mary.

Professor Van Alstyne’s professional writings have appeared during four decades in the principal law journals in the United States, with frequent republication in foreign journals. They address virtually every major subject in the field of constitutional law. His work has been cited in a large number of judicial opinions including those of the Supreme Court. The Journal of Legal Studies for January, 2000, named Professor Van Alstyne in the top 40 most frequently cited legal scholars in the United States of the preceding half-century.

Professor Van Alstyne has also taught and given professional papers internationally, in Germany, Austria, and Denmark, in Chile, the former Soviet Union, China, Japan, Canada, and Australia. He has been a visiting faculty member on the law faculties of the University of Chicago, Stanford, California (Berkeley and UCLA), Pennsylvania, Michigan, and Illinois, a Fulbright Lecturer in Chile, a Senior Fellow at the Yale Law School, and a faculty fellow at the Hague International Court of Justice. He has appeared as counsel and as amicus curiae in constitutional litigation in the federal courts, including the Supreme Court. He has also appeared in numerous hearings before Senate and House Committees, on legislation affecting the separation of powers, war powers, constitutional amendments, impeachments, legislation affecting civil rights and civil liberties, and nominations to the Supreme Court.

In 1987, Professor Van Alstyne was selected in a poll of federal judges, lawyers, and academics by the New York Law Journal as one of three academics among "the 10 most qualified" persons in the country for appointment to the Supreme Court, a distinction repeated in a similar poll by The American Lawyer, in 1991. Past National President of the American Association of University Professors, and former member of the National Board of Directors of the A.C.L.U., he was elected into the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in l994.

Selected Congressional Hearings

  • The President's Request to Extend the Service of Director Robert Mueller of the FBI Until 2013 (June 8, 2011), Hearings Before the Senate Judiciary Committee.
  • The Constitutional Impropriety of The Furtive NSA Domestic Surveillance Sweeps (Jan. 26, 2006), reprinted in N.Y. Rev. Books, Feb. 9, 2006, at 42.
  • Co author, Letter to Select Members of Congress, (with David Cole et al.) Necessity of Congressional Authorization for Presidential Use of War Power to Deploy Military Forces Against Iraq, vol. 148 Cong. Rec. 10,642 44 (Oct. 17, 2002).
  • The Constitutional Adequacy of Grounds relating to Impeachment of President William Clinton, Hearing Before Subcommittee on the Constitution of the Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives, 105th Cong., 237 44 (1998).
  • Proposed Constitutional Amendment to Permit Voluntary School Prayer, Hearings Before the Senate Committee on the Judiciary, 97th Congress, 2d Session 387, 458 (1982) (reprinted in part, 2 Duke Law Magazine 14 (1984).
  • Freedom of Expression and FCC Regulation of Electronic Media, Hearings Before the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation, 97th Congress, 2d Session 90 (1982).
  • The Human Life Bill, Hearings Before the Subcommittee on Separation of Powers of the Senate Judiciary Committee, 97th Congress, 1st Session 275 (1982).
  • Constitutional Restraints Upon the Judiciary, Hearings Before the Subcommittee on the Constitution of the Senate Judiciary Committee, 97th Congress, 1st Session 98, 104 (1981).
  • Constitutional Convention Procedures, Hearings Before the Subcommittee on the Constitution of the Senate Judiciary Committee, 97th Congress, 1st Session 268, 290, 298 (1981).
  • Racially Motivated Violence, Hearings Before the Subcommittee on Criminal Justice of the House Committee on the Judiciary, 97th Congress, 1st Session 385, 396 (1981).
  • The Equal Rights Amendment Extension, Hearings Before the Subcommittee on Civil and Constitutional Rights of the House Judiciary Committee, 95th Congress, 1st and 2d Session 115, 117 (1978).
  • Extension of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, Hearings Before the Subcommittee on Constitutional Rights of the Senate Judiciary Committee, 94th Congress, 1st Session 789 (1975).

Scholarly Publications

Books

  • The American First Amendment in the Twenty-First Century: Cases and Materials (Foundation Press 4th ed. 2011).
  • Annual Supplements, The American First Amendment in the Twenty-First Century: Cases and Materials (Found. Press 2006; 2005, 161 pp.).
  • The American First Amendment in the Twenty-First Century: Cases and Materials (Foundation Press 2004-2005) (Supplement).
  • The American First Amendment in the Twenty-First Century: Cases and Materials (Foundation Press 3d ed. 2002).
  • The American First Amendment in the Twenty-First Century: Cases and Materials (3d ed. Foundation Press 2002).
  • First Amendment: Cases and Materials (Found. Press 2d ed. 1995).
  • First Amendment: Cases and Materials (Found. Press 1990).
  • Interpretations of the First Amendment (Duke U. Press 1984).
  • Co-author, Report of the American Bar Association on Campus Government and Student Dissent (1970) (with A. Kenneth Pye).

Articles

  • The Unbearable Lightness of Marriage in the Abortion Decisions of the Supreme Court: Altered States in Constitutional Law, 18 Wm. & Mary Bill Rts J. 61 (2009). SSRN.
  • Religion In The Workplace: A Report On The Layers of Relevant Law In The United States, 30 Comp. Lab. L. & Pol'y J. 627 (2009).
  • Quintessential Elements of Meaningful Constitutions in Post-Conflict States, 49 Wm. & Mary L. Rev. 1497(2008). SSRN.
  • A Constitutional Conundrum of Second Amendment Commas, 10 Green Bag 469 (2007). SSRN.
  • Introductory Remarks on the Relationship of Law and Morality in Respect to Constitutional Law, 48 Wm. & Mary L. Rev. 1571 (2007) SSRN.
  • Reflections on the Teaching of Constitutional Law, 49 St. Louis U. L.J. 653 (2005). SSRN.
  • Ten Commandments, Nine Judges, and Five Versions of One Amendment--The First. ("Now What?"), 14 Wm. & Mary Bill Rts. J. 17 (2005). SSRN.
  • Civil Rights and Civil Liberties in China: Whose Rule of Law?, 11 Wm. & Mary Bill Rts. J. 623 (2003).
  • Reconciling What the First Amendment Forbids with What the Copyright Clause Permits: A Summary Explanation and Review, 66 Law & Contemp. Probs. 225 (2003). SSRN.
  • To What Extent Does the Power of Government to Determine the Boundaries and Conditions of Lawful Commerce Permit Government to Declare Who May Advertise and Who May Not?, 51 Emory L.J. 1513 (2002).
  • The Constitution in Exile: Is It Time to Bring It in from the Cold?, 51 Duke L.J. 1 (2001). SSRN.
  • When Can a State Be Sued?, Popular Gov't, Spring 2001, at 4. SSRN.
  • Affirmative Actions, 46 Wayne L. Rev. 1517 (2000).
  • Quo Vadis, Posadas?, 25 N. Ky. L. Rev. 505 (1998) SSRN.
  • Remembering Melville Nimmer: Some Cautionary Notes on Commercial Speech, 43 UCLA L. Rev. 1635 (1996). SSRN.
  • The Failure of the Religious Freedom Restoration Act Under Section 5 of the Fourteenth Amendment, 46 Duke L.J. 291 (1996). SSRN.
  • Denying Due Process in the Florida Courts: A Commentary on the Florida Medicaid Recovery Act of 1994, 46 U. Fla. L. Rev. 563 (1995). SSRN.
  • Mandatory Student Fees and First Amendment Limits: A View From California, 6 Educ. L. 1 (1994) (North Carolina Bar Association Education Law Section Newsletter)
  • Notes on the Marginalization of Marriage in America: Altered States in Constitutional Law, in Problems and Conflicts Between Law and Morality in a Free Society (James Wood, Jr. & Derek Davis eds., 1994).
  • The University in the Manner of Tiananmen Square, 21 Hastings Const. L.Q. 1 (1993), reprinted in Speaking Freely: The Case Against Speech Codes (H. M. Holzer ed., 1994). SSRN.
  • The Second Amendment and the Personal Right to Arms, 43 Duke L.J. 1236 (1994), reprinted in Les Adams, The Second Amendment Primer (1996). SSRN.
  • The Cycle of Constitutional Uncertainty in American Abortion Law, in Abortion, Medicine and the Law (J. Butler & D. Walbert eds., 4th ed. 1993).
  • “Thirty Pieces of Silver” for the Rights of Your People: Irresistible Offers Reconsidered as a Matter of State Constitutional Law, 16 Harv. J.L. & Pub. Pol'y 303 (1993). SSRN.
  • What Do You Think About the Twenty-Seventh Amendment?, 10 Const. Comment. 9 (1993); revised and reprinted from Duke L. Mag., Summer 1992, at 13. SSRN.
  • Foreword to, Symposium on Comparative United States/Canadian Constitutional Law, 55 Law & Contemp. Probs. 1 (1992). SSRN.
  • Second Thoughts on Rust v. Sullivan and the First Amendment, 9 Const. Comment. 5 (1992). SSRN.
  • Co-author, Ronald V. Dellums v. George Bush (D.D.C. 1990): Memorandum Amicus Curia of Law Professors (with nine others), reprinted in 27 Stan. J. Int'l L. 257 (1991). SSRN.
  • The Enduring Example of John Marshall Harlan: "Virtue as Practice" in the Supreme Court, 36 N.Y.L. Sch. L. Rev. 109 (1991) SSRN.
  • How Porous the Wall, How Civil the State?, 4 Notre Dame J.L. Ethics & Pub. Pol'y 559 (1990). SSRN.
  • The First Amendment and "Academic Freedom" in the Supreme Court: An Unhurried Historical Review, 53 Law & Contemp. Prob. 79 (1990), reprinted in Freedom and Tenure in the Academy (W. Van Alstyne ed., 1993). SSRN.
  • Dual Sovereignty, Federalism and National Criminal Law: Modernist Constitutional Doctrine and the Nonrole of the Supreme Court, 26 Am. Crim. L. Rev. 1740 (1989). SSRN.
  • Closing the Circle of Constitutional Review from Griswold v. Connecticut to Roe v. Wade: An Outline of a Decision Merely Overruling Roe, 1989 Duke L.J. 1677. SSRN.
  • The Carrington Years of Duke Law School (1978-1988), 6 Duke L. Mag. 21 (1988).
  • The Constitutionality of the War Powers Act, 43 U. Miami L. Rev. 36 (1988). SSRN.
  • Federalism, Congress, the States and the Tenth Amendment: Adrift in the Cellophane Sea, 1987 Duke L.J. 769, reprinted in The Blessings of Liberty 45 (J. David & R. McKay eds., 1989). SSRN.
  • A Critical Guide to Marbury v. Madison, 1969 Duke L.J. 1, reprinted in United States Constitution & Legal History (1987).
  • Comment, 56 Revista Juridica de la Universidad de Puerto Rico 759 (1987) (A Reply to Gonzalez, Interpreting This Constitution: Another Response to Professor Van Alstyne, id. 737). SSRN.
  • Notes on a Bicentennial Constitution: Part II, Antinomial Choices and “The Role” of the Supreme Court, 72 Iowa L. Rev. 1281 (1987). SSRN.
  • The Idea of the Constitution as Hard Law, 37 J. Legal Educ. 174 (1987), reprinted in 34 N.C. B.J. 4 (1987), 30 Idaho B.J. 17 (1987), Constitucion y Desarrollo Social 1 (Instituo de Estudios Judiciales, Chile, 1989). SSRN.
  • What Is “An Establishment of Religion?," 65 N.C. L. Rev. 909 (1987). SSRN.
  • A Constitutional Review of the American Income Tax, 4 Duke L. Mag. 11 (1986).
  • The Second Death of Federalism, 83 Mich. L. Rev. 1709 (1985), excerpted in J. Garvey & T. Aleinikoff, Modern Constitutional Theory 240 (3d ed. 1994). SSRN.
  • Comments on Nihilism and Academic Freedom, 35 J. Legal Educ. 20 (1985). SSRN.
  • Notes on a Bicentennial Constitution, Part I: Processes of Change (The Baum Lecture), 1984 U. Ill. L. Rev. 933. SSRN.
  • First Amendment Limitations on Libel Claims Against the Press, 25 Wm. & Mary L. Rev. 793 (1984). SSRN.
  • Trends in the Supreme Court: Mr. Jefferson’s Crumbling Wall—A Comment on Lynch v. Donnelly, 1984 Duke L.J. 770, reprinted from an address to the 45th District of Columbia Circuit Judicial Conference, 105 F.R.D. 251 (1985), reprinted in VI The Bill of Rights and American Legal History (P. Murphy ed., 1993). SSRN.
  • Legislation to Limit the Jurisdiction of the Federal Courts, 96 F. R. D. 275 (1983).
  • The Dunwoody Lecture, Interpreting This Constitution: The Unhelpful Contributions of Special Theories of Judicial Review, 35 U. Fl. L. Rev. 209 (1983). SSRN.
  • The Human Life Bill: Hearings Before the Subcomm. on Separation of Powers of the Sen. Judiciary Comm., 97th Cong., 1st Sess. 275 (1982).
  • A Graphic Review of the Free Speech Clause, 70 Cal. L. Rev. 107 (1982), reprinted in part The First Amendment 161 (J. Garvey & F. Schauer eds., 1992). SSRN.
  • Constitutional Convention Procedures, Hearings Before the Subcomm. on the Constitution of the Sen. Judiciary Comm., 97th Cong., 1st Sess. 268, 290, 298 (1981).
  • Constitutional Restraints Upon the Judiciary, Hearings Before the Subcomm. on the Constitution of the Sen. Judiciary Comm., 97th Cong., 1st Sess. 98, 104 (1981).
  • Racially Motivated Violence, Hearings Before the Subcomm. on Criminal Justice of the House Comm. on the Judiciary, 97th Cong., 1st Sess. 385, 396 (1981).
  • Why No [Special] First Amendment for the Press?, The Blackstone Bicentennial, American Bar Association, Law Council of Australia, and New Zealand Law Society 113 (West Pub. 1980).
  • The First Amendment and the Free Press, 9 Hofstra L. Rev. 1 (1980). SSRN.
  • The Recrudescence of Property Rights as the Foremost Principle of Civil Liberties: The First Decade of the Burger Court, 43 Law & Contemp. Probs. 66 (1980). SSRN.
  • Sexual Equality Under the Fourteenth and Equal Rights Amendments, 1979 Wash. U. L.Q. 189.
  • The Limited Constitutional Convention—The Recurring Answer, 1979 Duke L.J. 985. SSRN.
  • Rites of Passage: Race, the Supreme Court, and the Constitution, 46 U. Chic. L. Rev. 775 (1979), reprinted in U.S. Constitutional & Legal History (1987), I Race, Law, and American History (P. Finkelman ed., 1993), excerpted in Modern Constitutional Theory 560 (John Garvey & Alexander Aleinikoff eds., 3d ed. 1994). SSRN.
  • The Proposed Twenty-Seventh Amendment (ERA): A Brief, Supportive Comment, 1979 Wash. U. L.Q. 189, revised and reprinted in Academe (The Journal of the American Association of University Professors), Dec. 1979, at 477, Commentary, Christian Sci. Monitor, Feb. 3, 1982, at 23. SSRN.
  • Does Article V Restrict the States to Calling Unlimited Convention Only?—A Letter to a Colleague, 1979 Duke L.J. 1295. SSRN.
  • The Equal Rights Amendment Extension, Hearings Before the Subcomm. on Civil and Constitutional Rights of the H. Judiciary Comm., 95th Cong., 1st & 2d Sess. 115, 117 (1978).
  • Equality for Individuals or Equality for Groups: Implications of the Supreme Court’s Decision in the Manhart Case, Am. Ass'n U. Professors Bull., Sept. 1978, at 150. SSRN.
  • The Mobius Strip of the First Amendment: Perspectives on Red Lion, 29 S.C. L. Rev. 539 (1978). SSRN.
  • The Hazards to the Press of Claiming a “Preferred Position,” 28 Hastings L.J. 761 (1977), reprinted in IV The Bill of Rights and American Legal History (P. Murphy ed., 1993). SSRN.
  • Cracks in “The New Property”: Adjudicative Due Process in the Administrative State (The Irvine Lecture), 62 Cornell L. Rev. 445 (1977). SSRN.
  • Memorial Remarks on Brainerd Currie, 28 Mercer L. Rev. 439 (1977). SSRN.
  • The Role of Congress in Determining Incidental Powers of the President and the Federal Courts: A Comment on the Horizontal Effect of “The Sweeping Clause", 40 Law & Contemp. Probs. 102 (1976), revised from A Comment on the Horizontal Effect of “The Sweeping Clause" (The Ohio State Lecture), 36 Ohio St. L.J. 788 (1975). SSRN.
  • Extension of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, Hearings Before the Subcomm. on Constitutional Rights of the Sen. Judiciary Comm., 94th Cong., 1st Sess. 789 (1975).
  • A Political and Constitutional Review of United States v. Nixon, 22 UCLA L. Rev. 116 (1974). SSRN.
  • The Third Impeachment Article: Congressional Bootstrapping, 60 A.B.A. J. 1199 (1974). SSRN.
  • President Nixon: Toughing It Out with the Law, 59 A.B.A. J. 1398 (1973). SSRN.
  • A Critical Guide to Ex Parte McCardle, 15 Ariz. L. Rev. 229 (1973). SSRN.
  • Congress, the President, and the Power to Declare War: A Requiem for Vietnam, 121 U. Pa. L. Rev. 1 (1972), reprinted in The New Era in American Foreign Policy 21 (J. Gilbert ed., 1973). SSRN.
  • The Specific Theory of Academic Freedom and the General Issue of Civil Liberty, 404 Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 140 (1972), revised and reprinted in The Concept of Academic Freedom 60 (E. Pincoffs ed., 1975), and in The Constitutional Status of Academic Freedom 60 (W. Metzger ed., 1977). SSRN.
  • The Supreme Court Speaks to the Untenured: A Comment on Board of Regents v. Roth and Perry v. Sindermann, 58 Am. Ass'n U. Professors Bull. 267 (1972). SSRN.
  • Co-author, The Manifest Unwisdom of the AAUP as a Collective Bargaining Agency, 58 Am. Ass'n U. Professors Bull. 57 (1972) (with Kadish and Webb). SSRN.
  • The Constitutional Rights of Teachers and Professors, 1970 Duke L.J. 841, reprinted (abridged) in The Rights of Americans (N. Dorsen ed., 1971). SSRN.
  • The Constitutional Rights of Public Employees: A Comment on the Inappropriate Uses of an Old Analogy, 16 UCLA L. Rev. 751 (1969). SSRN.
  • The Demise of the Right-Privilege Distinction in American Constitutional Law, 81 Harv. L. Rev. 1439 (1968). SSRN.
  • The Student as University Resident, 45 Denv. L.J. 582 (1968). SSRN.
  • The Judicial Trend Toward Student Academic Freedom, 20 U. Fl. L. Rev. 290 (1968). SSRN.
  • The First Amendment and the Suppression of Warmongering Propaganda in the United States, 31 Law & Contemp. Probls. 530 (1966). SSRN.
  • Mr. Justice Black, Constitutional Review, and the Talisman of State Action, 1965 Duke L.J. 219. SSRN.
  • Student Academic Freedom and the Rule-Making Powers of Public Universities, 2 Law in Transition Q. 1 (1965).
  • In Gideon’s Wake: Harsher Penalties and the “Successful” Criminal Appellant, 74 Yale L.J. 606 (1965). SSRN.
  • The Fourteenth Amendment, the “Right” to Vote, and the Understanding of the Thirty-Ninth Congress, 1965 Sup. Ct. Rev. 33. SSRN.
  • The Justiciability of International River Disputes: A Study in the Case Method, 1964 Duke L.J. 307. SSRN.
  • Constitutional Separation of Church and State: The Quest for a Coherent Position, 57 Am. Pol. Sci. Rev. 865 (1963). SSRN.
  • The Administration’s Anti-Literacy Test Bill: Wholly Constitutional But Wholly Inadequate, 61 Mich. L. Rev. 805 (1963). SSRN.
  • Political Speakers at State Universities, 111 U. Pa. L. Rev. 328 (1963). SSRN.
  • Procedural Due Process and State University Students, 10 UCLA L. Rev. 368 (1963). SSRN.
  • Co-author, Sit-Ins and State Action, 14 Stan. L. Rev. 762 (1962) (with K. Karst). SSRN.
  • Comment, The O’Meara Case and Constitutional Requirements of State Anti-Discrimination Housing Laws, 8 How. L.J. 158 (1962). SSRN.
  • Co-author, State Action, 14 Stan. L. Rev. 3 (1961) (with K. Karst). SSRN.
  • A Critique of the Ohio Public Accommodations Laws, 22 Ohio St. L.J. 201 (1961). SSRN.
  • A New Public Accommodations Law for Ohio, 22 Ohio St. L.J. 683 (1961). SSRN.
  • International Law and Interstate River Disputes, 48 Cal. L. Rev. 596 (1960). SSRN.
  • Discrimination in State University Housing Programs, 13 Stan. L. Rev. 60 (1960). SSRN.

Book Chapters

  • Corliss Lamont and the Postmaster General: A Synecdoche for the First Amendment in the Era of the Warren Court (1953-1969), Chapt. 5 in Earl Warren and the Warren Court: The Legacy in American and Foreign Law (Harry Scheiber ed., 2007).
  • The Constitutional Futility of Proposing Statutory Term Limits for Supreme Court Justices, in Reforming the Court: Term Limits for Supreme Court Justices 385 (Roger C. Cramton & Paul D. Carrington eds., Carolina Acad. Press 2006).
  • Affirmative Action and Racial Discrimination Under Law: A Preliminary Review, in I Selected Affirmative Action Topics 180 (United States Commission on Civil Rights 1985).
  • The Constitutional Protection of Protest on Campus, in Student Protest and the Law 181 (G. Holmes ed., 1969).

Other

  • Brief of Constitutional Law Professors as Amici Curiae in Support of Petitioners, Otis McDonald, Adam Orlov, Colleen Lawson, David Lawson, Second Amendment Foundation, Inc., and Illinois State Rifle Association v. City of Chicago, et al., No. 08-1521 (2009).
  • Report, Protecting An Independent Faculty Voice: Academic Freedom After Garcetti v. Ceballos, Academe at 67 (2009).
  • Co-author, Letter to Select Members of Congress, The Constitutional Impropriety of The Furtive NSA Domestic Surveillance Sweeps (Jan. 26, 2006), reprinted in N.Y. Rev. Books, Feb. 9, 2006, at 42 (with David Cole et al.). Available here.
  • Necessity of Congressional Authorization for Presidential Use of War Power to Deploy Military Forces Against Iraq, 148 Cong. Rec. 10,642-44 (Oct. 17, 2002). Available here (PDF).
  • Military Forces Against Iraq, Congress Record, vol 148, no. 137, Part II at pp. 10642-44 (October 17, 2002).
  • Book Review, Duke L. Mag., Spring 2001, at 42 (reviewing Martin Golding, Free Speech on Campus (2000)).
  • Book Review, Academe, Jul./Aug. 2000, at 65 (reviewing William Billingsley, Communists on Campus: Race, Politics, and the Public University in Sixties North Carolina (1999)). SSRN.
  • The Role(s) of the Supreme Court in American Government, in 5 Encyclopedia of the American Constitution 2595 (Macmillan 2000).
  • Commercial Speech, in 2 Encyclopedia of the American Constitution 462 (Macmillan 2000).
  • Judicial Activism and Judicial Restraint, in 3 Encyclopedia of the American Constitution 1442 (Macmillan 2000).
  • The Second Amendment, in 5 Encyclopedia of the American Constitution 2347 (Macmillan 2000).
  • Implied Powers, in 3 Encyclopedia of the American Constitution 1344 (Macmillan 2000).
  • Federalism (Contemporary Practice), in 3 Encyclopedia of the American Constitution 994 (Macmillan 2000).
  • Summary Statement and Testimony (re constitutional adequacy of grounds relating to impeachment of President William Clinton): Hearing Before Subcommittee on the Constitution of the Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives, 105th Cong., 237-44 (1998).
  • Freedom of Speech and the Flag Anti-Desecration Amendment, 29 Free Speech Y.B. 96 (1991), reprinted as revised in Duke L. Mag., Summer 1991, at 4, and II The Constitution and the Flag (M. Curtis ed., 1993).
  • Foreword, Symposium on Freedom and Tenure in the Academy: The Fiftieth Anniversary of the 1940 Statement of Principles, 53 Law & Contemp. Probs. 1 (1990). SSRN.
  • Foreword to M. Curtis, No State Shall Abridge (1986).
  • Book Review, Congressional Power and Free Speech: Levy’s Legacy Revisited, 99 Harv. L. Rev. 1089 (1986) (reviewing Leonard W. Levy, Emergence of a Free Press (1985)). SSRN.
  • Book Review, The Fate of Constitutional Ipse Dixits, 33 J. Legal Educ. 712 (1983) (reviewing Philip Bobbitt, Constitutional Fate (1982)).
  • Thinking Straight About the Law (Duke University Series, No. 3, 1983), reprinted in Duke Alumni Reg., May-June 1983, at 24, and Duke L. Mag., Summer 1983, at 3.
  • If the School Prayer Amendment Becomes Law, 78 Liberty Mag. 4 (1983).
  • The University at Odds with Itself: Furtive Surveillance on Campus, Academe, Mar.-Apr. 1983, at 13. SSRN.
  • Academic Freedom and the Enlargement of the Classified Information System, Academe, Jan.-Feb. 1983, at 8a, reprinted in 219 Sci. 257 (1983). SSRN.
  • Proposed Constitutional Amendment to Permit Voluntary School Prayer, Hearings Before the Sen. Comm. on the Judiciary, 97th Cong., 2d Sess. 387, 458 (1982), reprinted in part, 2 Duke L. Mag. 14 (1984).
  • Freedom of Expression and FCC Regulation of Electronic Media, Hearings Before the Sen. Comm. on Commerce, Science and Transportation, 97th Cong., 2d Sess. 90 (1982).
  • Academic Freedom: A Symposium, 13 N.Y.U. Educ. Q. 3 (1982).
  • Book Review, Slouching Toward Bethleham with the Ninth Amendment, 91 Yale L.J. 207 (1981) (reviewing Charles L. Black, Jr., Decision According to Law (1981)). SSRN.
  • Letter to the Subcommittee on Criminal Justice of the House Committee on the Judiciary (October 5, 1981) (summary on Nazi and KKK marches in North Carolina).
  • Book Review, Making Sense of Desegregation and Affirmative Action, 57 Tex. L. Rev. 1489 (1979) (reviewing J. Harvie Wilkinson, From Brown to Bakke (1979) and Terry Eastland & William J. Bennett, Counting by Race (1979)). SSRN.
  • A Preliminary Report on the Bakke Case, Am. Ass'n U. Professors Bull., Dec. 1978, at 286. SSRN.
  • Tenure: A Conscientious Objective, ___ Change Mag. 37 (1978), reprinted in 25th Ann. issue, Change Mag. (1994). SSRN.
  • Sunday Book Review, N.Y. Times, Spring 1976, at ___ (reviewing Ward Elliott, The Rise of Guardian Democracy, (1974)).
  • College Student: Due Process, in 2 Encyclopedia of Education 238 (1971).
  • Tenure: A Summary, Explanation, and Defense, 57 Am. Ass'n U. Professors Bull. 328 (1971). SSRN.
  • Book Review, 79 Yale L.J. 158 (1969) (reviewing Howard Jay Graham, Everyman’s Constitution (1968)). SSRN.
  • Book Review, 17 Stan. L. Rev. 359 (1965) (reviewing William B. Lockhart, Constitutional Law: Cases, Comments & Questions (1964)). SSRN.
  • Book Review, 63 Mich. L. Rev. 186 (1964)(reviewing Charles S. Hyneman, The Supreme Court on Trial (1963)). SSRN.
  • Book Review, 28 Mo. L. Rev. 675 (1963) (reviewing One Man’s Stand for Freedom: Opinions and Lectures of Mr. Justice Hugo Black (I. Dillard ed., 1963)). SSRN.