Islam and Human Rights

The primary goal of this course is to examine the issues of human rights in Islamic ethics and Muslim Law. The course searches for any evidences in the major legal sources of Islamic law (Shari'a) that support or contradict the modern international declarations and covenants of human rights. It Reviews the framework of three different approaches to Shari'a and human rights among contemporary Muslims: conservatives, fundamentalists and Reformists.

The course will categorize the humanitarian issues into two groups: the first category that supported in Islam, such as the human dignity, ethnic equality, social justice and fairness, the sanctity of life and ownership. The second category covers the controversial issues of the contradiction between the human rights discourse and Shari'a in six main issues: slavery, rights of women, rights of non-Muslims, especial rights for clergy in public affairs, freedom of expression/religion, and violent punishments.

The course will examine the Muslim decelerations of human rights, and review a number of interpretive and normative analyses of some influential scholars from three main groups of contemporary Muslims.

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