Course Browser

Search and explore Duke Law's wide variety of courses that comprise near every area of legal theory and practice. Contact the Assistant Dean for Academic Affairs to confirm whether a course satisfies a graduation requirement in any particular semester.
 

NOTE: Course offerings change. Faculty leaves and sabbaticals, as well as other curriculum considerations, will sometimes affect when a course may be offered.

 

Credits
Semester
JD Course of Study
JD/LLM in International & Comparative Law
JD/LLM in Law & Entrepreneurship
International LLM - 1 year
LLM in Law & Entrepreneurship - 1 year
Certificate in Public interest and Public Service Law
 
Clear all filters64 courses found.
Course Number Course Title Course Credits Degree Requirements Semesters Taught Methods of Evaluation

200

Administrative Law 3
  • JD - general credits
  • International LLM - New York Bar Exam
  • International LLM, Environmental Law Certificate
  • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
  • Fall 18
  • Fall 16
  • Spring 17
  • Fall 17
  • Spring 18
  • Final Exam

A study of the legal framework governing administrative agencies under the U.S. Constitution and the Administrative Procedure Act, with a particular focus on agency rulemaking and adjudication; Presidential power; Congressional control of agencies through statutes and other mechanisms of oversight; and judicial review of agency actions.

235

Environmental Law 3
  • JD - general credits
  • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
  • International LLM, Environmental Law Certificate
  • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
  • Fall 18
  • Fall 16
  • Spring 18
  • Final Exam
  • Group project
  • Class participation

This course examines the large and growing body of law addressing relationships between human activities and the environment, including the legal regimes governing air, water, toxic chemicals, hazardous waste, resource use, biodiversity and ecosystems, and climate change. The course assesses key features of these legal regimes, including the array of rationales for environmental protection (ethical, economic); the choice of policy instruments (e.g. standards, taxes, trading, information disclosure); the roles of different branches of government (legislative, executive, judicial) and levels of government (local, state, national, international), and of non-governmental actors; and the skills of policy analysis, policy design, and regulatory and statutory construction. Throughout the course, we will study how each component of this body of law handles four key questions: How serious a problem (risk assessment and priority-setting)? How much protection is desirable (risk management and tradeoffs)? How to achieve this protection (instrument choice)? Who decides and acts upon these questions (federalism, branches and levels of government, and institutions)? The focus is on the U.S. legal system, with some comparative analysis of the law in other countries and international regimes.

This course, Law 235, is intended for professional and graduate students, and is also cross-listed as Environ 835 in the Nicholas School of the Environment. Professional and graduate students in the Nicholas School who would like to enroll in this course under Environ 835 should contact the NSOE Office of Academic & Enrollment Services, Erika Lovelace, e-mail or telephone 919-613-7459. (The Law School and the law professor teaching this course do not have "permission numbers.") (Professional and graduate students in the Sanford School of Public Policy, or other schools outside the Law School, should also contact the Nicholas School's office of Enrollment Services to enroll in Environ 835.) For undergraduate students, the Nicholas School offers a different course, Environ 265.

255

Federal Income Taxation 4
  • JD - general credits
  • JD-LLM-LE - general credits
  • LLM-LE (1 year) - general credits
  • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
  • International LLM, Business Law Certificate
  • Fall 18
  • Fall 16
  • Spring 17
  • Fall 17
  • Spring 18
  • Final Exam

An introduction to federal income taxation, with emphasis on the determination of income subject to taxation, deductions in computing taxable income, the proper time period for reporting income and deductions, and the proper taxpayer on which to impose the tax.

270

Intellectual Property 4
  • JD - general credits
  • JD-LLM-LE - required courses
  • LLM-LE (1 year) - general credits
  • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
  • International LLM, Business Law Certificate
  • International LLM, Intellectual Property Certificate
  • Fall 18
  • Fall 16
  • Spring 17
  • Fall 17
  • Final Exam

A comprehensive introduction to the principal theories of trademark law and unfair competition, copyright law, patent law, and related state and federal doctrines.

285

Labor Law 3
  • JD - general credits
  • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
  • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
  • Fall 18
  • Fall 16
  • Fall 17
  • Final Exam

The course examines the basic principles of labor law: a body of rulings, regulations, and legislative acts governing the rights of workers to form a union and collectively bargain over workplace terms and conditions. It focuses on the major federal legislation in this area - the National Labor Relations Act - as opposed to other laws governing workplace conduct (wage-hour, anti-discrimination, etc.), state laws, or those pertaining to public sector employees. The class covers the history of the Act, who is covered under its provisions, the jurisdiction of the National Labor Relations Board and judicial review of its actions, how unions are formed, collective bargaining, unfair labor practices and the procedures to remedy same, and economic weapons used in labor disputes (strikes, boycotts, lock-outs, etc.).  The class also analyzes labor law from a multi-disciplinary perspective, with attention given to psychology, economic history, politics, and emerging cultural trends (the rise of social media as a means of union organizing, for example). It is taught using a combination of lecture, case analysis, and classroom simulations. It is the goal of this course to provide the student a firm grounding in the basics of labor law, with a practical appreciation of the passions labor conflict generates.

288

Consumer Bankruptcy & Debt 2
  • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP), option
  • JD - general credits
  • LLM-LE (1 year) - general credits
  • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
  • International LLM, Business Law Certificate
  • Spring 17
  • Fall 17
  • Reflection Papers
  • Final research paper (25+ pages in length), option
  • Final paper (10+ pages in length)
  • Oral presentation
  • Class participation

This course uses consumer bankruptcy as a lens to study the role of consumer credit in the U.S. economy and society. The class will focus on the key aspects of the consumer bankruptcy system, including who files bankruptcy, what causes bankruptcy, the consequences of bankruptcy, and the operation of the bankruptcy system. We will discuss each of these issues in the larger context of consumer debt and consumer law, and will also cover the foreclosure crisis, student loans, and issues related to debt, race, and gender. The readings will come from law and non-law sources, including the work of a variety of social scientists. Sarah Bloom Raskin,  formerly a member of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System and former United States Deputy Secretary of the Treasury, will be a guest instructor for several class sessions.

295

Trusts and Estates 3
  • JD - general credits
  • International LLM - New York Bar Exam
  • Fall 16
  • Spring 17
  • Fall 17
  • Spring 18
  • Final Exam
  • Class participation

An examination of noncommercial property dispositions, both testamentary and inter vivos, including the following topics: intestate succession; wills and will substitutes; creation and characteristics of trusts; powers of appointment; problems in trust and estate administration.

298

Ocean and Coastal Law and Policy 2
  • JD - general credits
  • LLM-ICL - general credits
  • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
  • International LLM, Environmental Law Certificate
  • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
  • Fall 18
  • Fall 16
  • Fall 17

This course explores laws and policies that affect decisions on United States ocean and coastal resources. We examine statutes, regulations, attitudes, and cases that shape how the United States (and several states) use, manage, and protect the coasts and oceans out to – and sometimes beyond – the 200-mile limit of the Exclusive Economic Zone. We cover government and private approaches to coastal and ocean resources, including beaches, wetlands, estuaries, reefs, fisheries, endangered species, and special areas.

301

AIDS and the Law 2
  • JD - general credits
  • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP)
  • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
  • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
  • Fall 16
  • Fall 17
The course will explore the legal and policy landscape of the HIV/AIDS epidemic primarily in the United States. We will employ a multi-disciplinary approach to teaching about HIV law and policy, including the legal issues faced by persons with HIV disease. Speakers will include medical specialists, social workers, and persons living with HIV. Topics covered include HIV-related stigma and discrimination, HIV testing and public health laws, confidentiality and privacy rights, estate planning issues, HIV criminalization, health disparities, access to health care and health insurance, permanency planning for children and other family law issues, employee benefit issues, and torts and HIV-related private lawsuits. There is an opportunity for student presentations on AIDS Law issues. In lieu of an exam, there is a paper requirement for the course. The course is helpful but not required for those intending to enroll in the Health Justice Clinic.

This course is only offered in the fall semester.

304

Big Bank Regulation 4
  • JD - general credits
  • LLM-LE (1 year) - general credits
  • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
  • International LLM, Business Law Certificate
  • Fall 18
  • Fall 16
  • Fall 17
  • Final Exam

Banking has evolved rapidly in just a few years. Global trade and investment has been supported and promoted by an emerging global financial system. This has in turn encouraged the growth of giant universal banks, based in the United States, the United Kingdom, mainland Europe, and in China and Japan. Most modern banks of any significant size (greater than $100 billion in total assets) have transnational and often truly global operations, but they also create major new risks and regulatory challenges. The debate over big banks and "too big to fail" concerns continued to be an important public policy concern in the 2016 Presidential election campaign. Since the Global Financial Crisis of 2008, the largest in a long run of domestic and international crises since the Great Depression of the 1930s, a new “Dodd-Frank” and “Basel III” framework has been emerging.  This framework has fundamentally changed the way in which such financial institutions are regulated.  After nearly a decade of reform, however, the framework remains fundamentally controversial, at least in the United States, and executive and congressional efforts to reverse the Dodd-Frank and Basel models are currently on the main national political agenda. 

The walls between the three main sectors of finance - banking, securities and insurance - have broken down, yet at their core banks continue to be somewhat unique in their functions and the challenges they present for financial stability. This course will review all the domestic and international regulatory developments since the Global Financial Crisis, focusing on the established and emerging regulatory architectures and systems, both domestic and international, currently proposed reforms, and  future challenges and prospects for global and domestic financial reform.

 

306

Corporate Crime 4
  • JD - general credits
  • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
  • International LLM, Business Law Certificate
  • Fall 16
  • Fall 17
  • Spring 18
  • Final Exam
  • Class participation

This course serves as an introduction to the field of corporate crime, which now covers a large realm of government and law firm practice. The course will give students a first exposure to: (1) the contemporary practice in federal government agencies and medium to large corporate law firms of investigating, sanctioning, and representing corporations and their managers involved in potential criminal violations (and certain civil analogues); and (2) the debate in the public policy realm over whether, why, how, and when the criminal law should be applied in the corporate and business context.

This field is large, complex, and developing rapidly. This course therefore can cover only a selection of topics, and will emphasize policy and the need to confront gaps and uncertainty in doctrine. As there is no unitary body of black letter law in this field, this is not that kind of course. Coverage is likely to include mail and wire fraud, perjury and obstruction of justice, securities fraud (including insider trading and accounting fraud), the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, corporate criminal liability, grand jury powers and procedure, representation of entities and individuals, the Fifth and Sixth Amendments in the corporate context, plea and settlement agreements, and sentencing.

The materials consist of a course pack and occasional handouts. Assigned reading averages about 80 pages per week. The grade will be based primarily on a take home exam, with some weight given to class participation. Use of laptops, smartphones, tablets, and the like will be prohibited during class meetings.

311

Election Law 3
  • JD - general credits
  • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP)
  • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
  • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
  • Fall 16
  • Fall 17
  • Final paper (10+ pages in length)
  • Final research paper (25+ pages in length)
  • Reflection Papers
  • Group project
  • Oral presentation
  • Practical exercises
  • In-class exercise
  • Class participation

This course will explore selected topics in Law and Politics of American Democracy. We will examine the way the law and other forces have shaped the structure of American political participation, and we will consider alternative directions American democracy might take. Time permitting, we will focus on the right to vote, racial and political gerrymandering, campaign finance, political parties, ballot access, reapportionment/redistricting, and the Voting Rights Act.

320

Water Resources Law 2
  • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP)
  • JD - general credits
  • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
  • International LLM, Environmental Law Certificate
  • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
  • Spring 17
  • Spring 18
  • Final research paper (25+ pages in length)

This survey course studies the legal and policy issues governing water resource allocation in the United States. Students will be introduced to both the Prior Appropriation systems of the western United States and the Reasonable Use systems dominating the eastern states. We will study the law applied to groundwater use as well as issues of federalism. Examples from disputes around ACF basin and the Colorado River will be contrasted. We will examine the issues from the perspective of different user groups.

 

321

The Law and Policy of Innovation: the Life Sciences 3
  • JD - general credits
  • JD-LLM-LE - general credits
  • LLM-LE (1 year) - general credits
  • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
  • International LLM, Intellectual Property Certificate
  • Spring 17
  • Spring 18

This course analyzes the legal and policy regimes that shape the introduction of new products, processes, and services in the life science industries. Innovation in biopharmaceuticals, medical devices, health services, and health care delivery is central to the heavily regulated life sciences sector, and thus the sector offers a window into multiple intersections of scientific innovation, regulatory policy, and law.  Innovation in this sector is also shaped by multiple bodies of law (e.g. intellectual property law, FDA law, federal and state-based insurance and professional regulation, antitrust, tax), each with its own private and public constituencies, and therefore offers an opportunity to assess how different bodies of law approach the common issue of innovation.  Although this course focuses on innovation in the life science industries, this focus will produce lessons for innovation policy in other regulated and less-regulated industries. 

322

Copyright Law 3
  • JD - general credits
  • LLM-LE (1 year) - general credits
  • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
  • International LLM, Intellectual Property Certificate
  • Fall 16
  • Spring 18
  • Final Exam

A comprehensive course on the law of literary and artistic property, with emphasis on mastering the technical intricacies of the 1976 Copyright Act and its many complex recent amendments, including the cyberspace rules introduced by the Digital Millennium Copyright Act. Subject matter treated will include literary characters; musical works; pictorial, graphic, and sculptural works; industrial designs; motion pictures and plays; sound recordings; computer programs and databases. Throughout the course effort is made to clarify the relations between artistic property and industrial property (especially trademarks and unfair competition law) in the United States and at the international level. Students are encouraged to think critically about the unresolved economic and policy issues facing creators and innovators in an Information Age, issues that often reflect a larger, ongoing debate within the framework of the world's intellectual property system, and the course will prepare them for the practice of copyright law at any level.

327

Energy Law 3
  • JD - general credits
  • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
  • International LLM, Environmental Law Certificate
  • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
  • Fall 18
  • Fall 16
  • Fall 17
  • Final Exam

The course will examine the legal framework governing energy production and consumption in the United States, and policy approaches for balancing energy needs with other societal goals. The course will include three main modules: (1) electricity sector regulation; (2) energy resources for electricity generation; and (3) oil and gas law. Key themes will include:

(1) The historic origins of public utility regulation;
(2) The major U.S. laws that govern energy production and use;
(3) The distinct roles of the federal and state governments; and
(4) Efforts to manage competing societal interests.

329

Education Law 2
  • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP)
  • JD - general credits
  • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
  • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
  • Fall 18
  • Fall 16
  • Fall 17
  • Final research paper (25+ pages in length)
  • In-class exercise
  • Class participation

Education Law: Constitutional, Statutory, and Policy Considerations This seminar introduces students to the legal standards that govern public schools in the United States. Constitutional topics include the right to a public education, the financing of public schools, desegregation and equal opportunity of students, limitations on student speech, school discipline and the right to due process, religion in schools, and privacy rights of students. Statutory topics include federal laws such as the Every Student Succeeds Act, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, Title IX, and the Equal Educational Opportunities Act. Policy topics include school reforms, such as charters and vouchers, and the ongoing inequities in US public schools, and the school-to-prison pipeline. A research paper is required; successful completion of the paper will satisfy the upper-level writing requirement. A course pack will be used in lieu of a textbook.

333

Science Law & Policy 3
  • JD - general credits
  • LLM-LE (1 year) - general credits
  • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
  • International LLM, Environmental Law Certificate
  • International LLM, Intellectual Property Certificate
  • Fall 18
  • Fall 16
  • Fall 17
  • Final Exam
  • Reflection Papers
  • Practical exercises
  • In-class exercise
  • Class participation

What are the government policies that support science? How is science regulated and controlled? What can science contribute to law and policy? How do the states, the federal government and international agencies interact to set science policy? How do disparate regulations and law impact research and translation? How is scientific research funded? These questions and more will be explored by looking at the interaction of law, science, and policy. The class is a mix of law, ethics and science students, and learning how to talk to one another in a common language is an important element of the course. Classes will include consideration and analysis of cases studies. There are no prerequisites for the course, and there is no requirement that students have either graduate or upper-level undergraduate training in the sciences. Course evaluation will be based on class participation, student presentation, weekly discussion questions, a short paper, and a final exam.

341

FDA Law & Policy 3
  • JD - general credits
  • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
  • International LLM, Intellectual Property Certificate
  • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
  • Spring 17
  • Spring 18
  • Final Exam

Introduction to basic principles of food and drug laws and examination of how significant doctrines of constitutional, administrative, and criminal law have been elaborated and applied in the food and drug context. The United States Food and Drug Administration has a pervasive role in American society: it is often said that the agency regulates products accounting for twenty-five cents of every dollar spent by consumers. Exploration of the complex interplay of legal, ethical, policy, scientific, and political considerations that underlie the FDA's regulatory authority, its policy-making, and its enforcement activity. 3 units.

347

Health Care Law and Policy 3
  • JD - general credits
  • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
  • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
  • Fall 16
  • Fall 17

A survey of the legal environment of the health services industry in a policy perspective, with particular attention to the tensions and trade-offs between quality and cost concerns. Topics for selective study include access to health care; private and public programs for financing and purchasing health services; the economics of health care and health care costs; the role of professionalism versus the new commercialism in health care; the legal and tax treatment of not-for-profit corporations; regulation of commercial practice in professional fields; fraud and abuse in government programs; the application of antitrust law in professional fields; the internal organization and legal liabilities of hospitals; public regulation of institutional providers, including certification of need; personnel licensure; private personnel credentialing and institutional accreditation; liability for medical accidents; legal liabilities associated with the administration of health benefits; and public regulation of managed-care organizations. Study of the diverse legal problems encountered by a single industry, particularly one as important, complex, and intrinsically interesting as health care, may appeal to students generally interested in public policy and in law and economics as well as those with specific interests in the health care field.

351

U.S. Immigration and Nationality Law 2
  • JD - general credits
  • LLM-ICL - general credits
  • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
  • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
  • Fall 16
  • Fall 17
  • Final Exam
  • Class participation

This course opens – and may well close – with the Supreme Court’s impending consideration of the amended “travel ban” in Trump v. Int’l Refugee Assistance Project and Trump v. Hawaii. Discussion on that policy, lower court cases and Supreme Court briefs will serve as a primer on the federal constitutional powers and checks on immigration. We will then review historic constitutional precedents with emphasis on how they underpin and influence contemporary judicial interpretation.

From there, the course surveys the essential elements of immigration and nationality law and attendant procedures: the law of citizenship and naturalization, admission and removal, alien detention, asylum and other relief, and purportedly non-derogable protections under international conventions as implemented by U.S. law. Each week’s discussion on these subject matters will commence with a recent, significant and often controversial dispute, and examine how statutes, regulations, and precedents have guided, for better or worse, an actual or likely resolution.  This course will require significant classroom participation. 

There will be a comprehensive, final in-class exam. The course grade will be based on class participation and the final exam.

357

WTO Dispute Resolution 1
  • JD - general credits
  • LLM-ICL - general credits
  • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits

    This one credit course will explore the development and practices of the of the World Trade Organization's dispute settlement system. The WTO is unique among large international organizations in that it has a formal judicial body with compulsory jurisdiction over all WTO members. This class will examine the creation of this system, rules regarding jurisdiction and standing, and procedures for initial reports and appeals. In addition, the course will discuss compliance proceedings and the WTO's remedy regime. Class time will consist of a mix of lecture, guest speakers, and a simulation of WTO judicial proceedings.

    368

    Natural Resources Law and Policy 2
    • JD - general credits
    • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP)
    • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
    • International LLM, Environmental Law Certificate
    • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
    • Spring 17
    • Final Exam, option
    • Final research paper (25+ pages in length), option

    The law of how we use nature - timber, mining, bioversity, fisheries, water rights, and agriculture. Also an introduction to the historical and constitutional geography of American public lands: the national parks, forests, wilderness system, and grazing lands, and disputes over federal versus local control of these. There is special attention to the historical and political origins of our competing ideas of how nature matters and what we should do with it, from economically productive use to outdoor recreation to preserving the natural world for its own sake. Attention also to the complicated interplay of science and law.

    369

    Patent Law and Policy 3
    • JD - general credits
    • JD-LLM-LE - general credits
    • LLM-LE (1 year) - general credits
    • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
    • International LLM, Intellectual Property Certificate
    • Fall 18
    • Fall 16
    • Fall 17
    • Final Exam

    This course provides a comprehensive introduction to patent law and policy. No technical background is required. The course begins by addressing the history of patents as well as the policy arguments for and against using patents as a mechanism for inducing innovation. Following this introduction, students learn the basics of patent drafting and prosecution, patent claims, and claim construction. The class then addresses in depth the central patentability criteria of subject matter, utility, nonobviousness, and disclosure. Other topics of importance that are covered in the class include: the relationship between patents and other forms of intellectual property protection, particularly trade secrecy and copyright; the intersection of patent and antitrust law; the role of the two major institutions responsible for administering the patent system, the Patent and Trademark Office and the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit; and the role of patents in the two major industries of the knowledge-based economy, information technology and biotechnology.

    384

    Securities Regulation 4
    • JD - general credits
    • JD-LLM-LE - required courses
    • LLM-LE (1 year) - general credits
    • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
    • International LLM, Business Law Certificate
    • Spring 17
    • Spring 18
    • Final Exam

    A study of the federal and state securities laws and the industry they govern with emphasis on the regulation of the distribution process and trading in securities; subjects dealt with include the functions of the Securities and Exchange Commission, registration and disclosure requirements and related civil liabilities, "blue-sky" laws, proxy solicitation and reporting requirements, broker-dealer regulation, the self-regulatory functions of the exchanges, and the regulation of investment companies.

    390

    Structuring and Regulating Financial Transactions 2
    • JD - general credits
    • LLM-LE (1 year) - general credits
    • International LLM - New York Bar Exam
    • International LLM, Business Law Certificate
    • Spring 17
    • Spring 18
    • Final Exam

    In this exciting, innovative, and important area of legal practice, companies domestically and worldwide raise money through an array of structures intended to separate “financial” assets—effectively rights to (or expectations of) payment—from the risks associated with the company.  The assets are then dedicated to repayment of capital market securities.  Sometimes referred to as structured finance or securitization, this approach creatively brings together many fundamental legal disciplines, including bankruptcy, securities law, corporation law, secured transactions, finance, and tax.  Using structured finance as an organizing principle, this course teaches the critical aspects of these disciplines that you are likely to encounter in practice.  In addition, the course introduces important commercial financing techniques and concepts, including guarantees, loan agreements, legal opinions, and letters of credit, as well as interest rate and currency swaps and other derivative products.  Furthermore, the course addresses how the capital markets work, including the role of rating agencies, and touches on the cross-border and transnational considerations that are essential to modern business transactions.  It also shows how structured finance principles can be applied broadly, such as to international project-finance transactions and to microfinance.  Finally, the course examines the ethics and efficiencies of “deconstructing” companies in this manner, including the use and possible abuse of special purpose entities and the potential to generate unanticipated consequences, as occurred in the 2007-09 financial crisis.

    There is no formal prerequisite.  The class will be challenged to identify problems and find real-life, creative solutions.  A student without any business-law background should still be able to master the course because the relevant legal principles will be learned and applied along the way, in the same manner that a good practitioner learns. 

    400

    Health Justice Clinic 4-6
    • JD - general credits
    • JD - experiential learning
    • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
    • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
    • Public Interest Certificate: Experiential Requirement
    • Fall 18
    • Fall 16
    • Spring 17
    • Fall 17
    • Spring 18
    • Journal
    • Practical exercises
    • Live-client representation and case management
    • Class participation

    This course is an in-house legal clinic in which students provide legal representation for persons with HIV/AIDS, cancer, and other serious health conditions. Under the close supervision of clinical instructors, students represent clients in cases that are related to the client's health condition, including: estate planning (wills, living wills, health care powers of attorney, powers of attorney); government benefits (Medicaid, Medicare, Social Security Disability); permanency planning for children; health and disability insurance; guardianship; health-related discrimination in employment, housing and public accommodations; health information privacy; and other civil cases related to health. Students are certified under North Carolina's Student Practice Rules.

    Classroom work consists of a day-long intensive training at the beginning of the semester as well as a weekly, two-hour seminar focusing on substantive law, lawyering skills, and health disparities and stigma. Students also meet individually with clinic instructors each week. Each student carries an individual case load and is required to meet a minimum hours requirement. The course is offered for 4, 5, or 6 credits, with hour requirements of 100, 125, and 150 respectively.

    AIDS and the Law is recommended, but not required for enrollment in the clinic. This clinic is offered each semester. Students must be at least in their second semester, second year to take this clinic, because of the requirements of the Student Practice Rules.

    Clinics Enrollment Policy

    Important:

    • Students are required to attend the day-long clinic intensive training session.  Students who have previously completed a clinic may skip the morning portion of the intensive.
    • International LLM students who wish to enroll in a clinic must seek the permission of the clinic's faculty director prior to the enrollment period. Permission is required to enroll but permission does not constitute entry into the clinic.
    • Course website
    • ** Variable Credits 4-6 **

    Ethics Requirement

    Students are required to have instruction in the Model Rules of Professional Conduct prior to, or during, enrollment in the Health Justice Clinic. The following ethics classes meet the requirement: Ethics of Social Justice Lawyering (LAW 237), Ethics and the Law of Lawyering (LAW 238), Ethics and the Law of Lawyering in Civil Litigation (LAW 239), Criminal Justice Ethics (LAW 317) and Ethics in Action (LAW 539).

    Enrollment Pre/co-requisite

    Any ethics course (Law 237, Law 238, Law 239, Law 317, or Law 539)

    401

    Advanced Health Justice Clinic
    • JD - general credits
    • JD - experiential learning
    • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
    • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
    • Public Interest Certificate: Experiential Requirement
    • Fall 18
    • Fall 16
    • Spring 17
    • Fall 17
    • Spring 18
    • Live-client representation and case management

    Available to students who wish to participate for a second semester in the Health Justice Clinic. Students enrolled in advanced clinical studies are required to participate fully in the case work portion of the clinic, performing 50 or 100 hours of client representation work, depending on number of credits selected (50 hours = 1 credit; 100 hours = 2 credits), but will not be required to attend the class sessions. Consent of Director of Clinic required.

    402

    HIV / AIDS Policy Clinic 3
    • JD - general credits
    • JD - experiential learning
    • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
    • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
    • Public Interest Certificate: Experiential Requirement
    • Fall 18
    • Spring 17
    • Fall 17
    • Spring 18
    • Reflection Papers
    • Final paper (10+ pages in length)
    • Group project
    • Class participation

    Students in this clinic will focus on policy work rather than direct client representation. Students will work on policy initiatives aimed at increasing access to quality, comprehensive health care for low-income individuals living with chronic illnesses like HIV/AIDS. The policy work will focus on barriers to access to care and prevention, including implementation of health care reform in North Carolina, funding disparities throughout the Southern US, HIV-related stigma, criminalization of HIV, and access to HIV medications.. Students will work to inform policy recommendations and advocacy strategies at the national, regional, state and county levels in executive, legislative and regulatory arenas. Over the course of a semester, students can expect to accumulate a wealth of hands-on experience in current and emerging health policy issues on the state and federal level. Students will conduct legal and fact-based research to inform policy recommendations, produce in-depth reports, comment letters, presentations to policy makers, and draft legislation or regulatory guidance. Each student will focus on particular policy project(s) and will be required to spend a minimum of 100 hours on their clinic project(s). We will have regular group meetings with students and clinic faculty throughout the semester.

    Clinics Enrollment Policy

    IMPORTANT:
    Instructor permission is required for enrollment in the AIDS Policy Clinic. This course may not be dropped after the first class meeting.

    Instructor Permission Required for Enrollment
    To enroll in the Clinic, you must have successfully completed at least two semesters of Law School and have instructor permission. It is helpful to have had experience working on HIV/AIDS or other health health policy or related issues, or to have taken AIDS and the Law and/or the AIDS Legal Assistance Project.

    404

    Advanced HIV/AIDS Policy Clinic
    • JD - experiential learning
    • JD - general credits
    • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
    • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
    • Public Interest Certificate: Experiential Requirement
    • Spring 18
    • Final paper (10+ pages in length)
    • Reflection Papers
    • Group project
    • Class participation

    This clinic provides an opportunity for students who want to do advanced work after completing the HIV/AIDS Policy Clinic. Variable Credit.

    416

    Children's Law Clinic
    • JD - general credits
    • JD - experiential learning
    • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
    • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
    • Public Interest Certificate: Experiential Requirement
    • Fall 18
    • Fall 16
    • Spring 17
    • Fall 17
    • Spring 18
    • Practical exercises
    • In-class exercise
    • Live-client representation and case management
    • Class participation

    Students in this course participate in a legal clinic focused on the representation of low income children and their parents. While the majority of cases will focus on school-related matters, students may also participate in cases involving other issues relating to the health and well-being of children, such as government benefits and limited family law. Students will have an individual case load and will be closely supervised by clinic faculty. Various case assignments can involve client interviewing and counseling, negotiation, informal advocacy, and litigation in administrative hearings or court. Students must attend a two-hour seminar once per week, with associated preparation. Students work on clinic cases approximately 10-12 hours a week, for a minimum of 125 hours of legal work during the semester for 5 credits and 100 hours for 4 credits. There is no paper and no exam. Students must be in at least their fourth semester of law school to enroll in the clinic due to state student practice rules. Education Law is recommended, but not required. Students must meet the legal ethics graduation requirement either before or during enrollment in the Children's Law Clinic. (see Clinics Enrollment Policy).

    Important:

    • This course may not be dropped after the first class meeting.
    • *Variable Credit: 4-5 credits upon student selection*
    • Students MUST be able to attend the day-long clinic intensive training session to enroll in this course.
    • International LLM students who wish to enroll in a clinic must seek the permission of the clinic's faculty director prior to the enrollment period. Permission is required to enroll but permission does not constitute entry into the clinic.

    Ethics Requirement

    • Students are required to have instruction in the Model Rules of Professional Conduct prior to, or during, enrollment in the Children's Law Clinic. The following ethics classes meet the requirement: Ethics of Social Justice Lawyering (LAW 237), Ethics and the Law of Lawyering (LAW 238), Ethics and the Law of Lawyering in Civil Litigation (LAW 239), Criminal Justice Ethics (LAW 317) and Ethics in Action (LAW 539).

    417

    Advanced Children's Law Clinic 3
    • JD - general credits
    • JD - experiential learning
    • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
    • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
    • Public Interest Certificate: Experiential Requirement
    • Fall 18
    • Spring 17
    • Fall 17
    • Spring 18
    • Practical exercises
    • Live-client representation and case management

    This three-credit course is available to students who have participated in one semester in the Children's Law Clinic, and wish to participate for a second semester. Students may enroll only with approval of the Director of the Clinic. Placements may be available in the event that the clinic is not fully enrolled with first-time participants, and in exceptional situations, when the clinic director determines it would be in the best interest of the clinic to make an exception to the usual maximum enrollment. Students enrolled in Advanced Clinical Studies are required to participate fully in the case work portion of the clinic, performing a minimum of 125 hours of client representation work, but will not be required to attend the class sessions.

    427

    Community Enterprise Law Clinic 4
    • JD - general credits
    • JD - experiential learning
    • JD-LLM-LE - general credits
    • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
    • International LLM, Business Law Certificate
    • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
    • Public Interest Certificate: Experiential Requirement
    • Fall 16
    • Spring 17
    • Fall 17
    • Spring 18
    • Group project
    • Practical exercises
    • Live-client representation and case management
    • Class participation

    Operating like a small private law firm, this clinic will provide students interested generally in business law practice and/or in specializing in affordable housing and community development law with practical skills training in many of the core skills required in any transactional legal practice, including interviewing, counseling, drafting and negotiation. Under the supervision of the clinical faculty, students will represent low-income entrepreneurs, as well as a wide variety of nonprofit organizations engaged in community development activities. In their cases, students will have the opportunity to work on a wide variety of legal matters for their clients. These may include entity formation (both for-profit and nonprofit); obtaining tax-exempt status for nonprofit clients and providing ongoing tax compliance counseling; negotiating and drafting contracts; and representing clients in community development transactions. All enrolled students will be required to provide a minimum of 100 hours of legal work per semester and to participate in weekly group training meetings. Students must be in at least their fourth semester of law school to enroll in the clinic.

    Clinics Enrollment Policy

    Important:

    • This course may not be dropped after the first class meeting.
    • Students MUST be able to attend the day-long clinic intensive training session to enroll in this course.
    • International LLM students who wish to enroll in a clinic must seek the permission of the clinic's faculty director prior to the enrollment period. Permission is required to enroll but permission does not constitute entry into the clinic.

    Ethics Requirement

    Students are required to have instruction in the Model Rules of Professional Conduct prior to, or during, enrollment in the Community Enterprise Clinic. The following ethics classes meet the requirement: Ethics of Social Justice Lawyering (LAW 237), Ethics and the Law of Lawyering (LAW 238), Ethics and the Law of Lawyering in Civil Litigation (LAW 239), Criminal Justice Ethics (LAW 317) and Ethics in Action (LAW 539).

    428

    Advanced Community Enterprise Clinic 2
    • JD - general credits
    • JD - experiential learning
    • JD-LLM-LE - general credits
    • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
    • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
    • Public Interest Certificate: Experiential Requirement
    • Spring 17
    • Fall 17
    • Spring 18
    • Group project
    • Practical exercises
    • Live-client representation and case management
    • Class participation
    This two-credit course is available to students who have participated in one semester in the community enterprise clinic and wish to participate for a second semester. Students may enroll only with approval of the Director of the Clinic. Placements may be available in the event that the clinic is not fully enrolled with first-time participants, and in exceptional situations, when the clinic director determines it would be in the best interest of the clinic to make an exception to the usual maximum enrollment. Students enrolled in Advanced Clinical Studies are required to participate fully in the case work portion of the clinic, performing 100-120 hours of client representation work, but will not be required to attend the class sessions.

    443

    Environmental Law and Policy Clinic 4
    • JD - general credits
    • JD - experiential learning
    • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
    • International LLM, Environmental Law Certificate
    • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
    • Public Interest Certificate: Experiential Requirement
    • Fall 18
    • Fall 16
    • Spring 17
    • Fall 17
    • Spring 18
    • Group project
    • Practical exercises
    • Live-client representation and case management
    • Class participation

    Under the supervision of the clinical faculty, students will work on current case and policy advocacy priorities as determined by the Clinic's Intake Board. Cases and issues undertaken by the Clinic may include the following subject areas: water quality, air quality, natural resources conservation, endangered species, agriculture, sustainable development, public trust resources and environmental justice. Practical skills training will emphasize skills needed to counsel clients, examine witnesses and to advocate effectively in rulemaking and litigation settings. Generally, students may only enroll in the clinic for 1 semester, but may enroll for 2 semesters with the permission of the instructor if space permits. All enrolled students will be required to provide a minimum of 100 hours of work per semester to the clinic. In addition, students must participate in weekly group training meetings as well. The clinic office is located in the law school building. Law students must be in at least their fourth semester of law school to enroll in the clinic. Nicholas School students must be in at least their second semester.

    Clinics Enrollment Policy

    Important:

    • This course may not be dropped after the first class meeting.
    • Students MUST be able to attend the day-long clinic intensive training session to enroll in this course.
    • International LLM students who wish to enroll in a clinic must seek the permission of the clinic's faculty director prior to the enrollment period. Permission is required to enroll but permission does not constitute entry into the clinic.

    Ethics Requirement

    Students are required to have instruction in the Model Rules of Professional Conduct prior to, or during, enrollment in the Environmental Law and Policy Clinic. The following ethics classes meet the requirement: Ethics of Social Justice Lawyering (LAW 237), Ethics and the Law of Lawyering (LAW 238), Ethics and the Law of Lawyering in Civil Litigation (LAW 239), Criminal Justice Ethics (LAW 317) and Ethics in Action (LAW 539).

    443A

    Advanced Environmental Law and Policy
    • JD - general credits
    • JD - experiential learning
    • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
    • Fall 18
    • Fall 16
    • Spring 17
    • Fall 17
    • Spring 18
    • Group project
    • Practical exercises
    • Live-client representation and case management
    • Class participation

    This variable-credit course is available to students who have participated in one semester in the Environmental Law and Policy Clinic, and wish to participate for a second semester. Students may enroll only with approval of the Director of the Clinic. Placements may be available in the event that the clinic is not fully enrolled with first-time participants, and in exceptional situations, when the clinic director determines it would be in the best interest of the clinic to make an exception to the usual maximum enrollment. Students enrolled in Advanced Clinical Studies are required to participate fully in the case work portion of the clinic, performing at least 100 hours of client representation work (or more, depending on credit hours), but will not be required to attend the class sessions.

    460

    Negotiation 3
    • JD - general credits
    • JD - experiential learning
    • JD-LLM-LE - general credits
    • LLM-LE (1 year) - general credits
    • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
    • Fall 18
    • Fall 16
    • Spring 17
    • Fall 17
    • Spring 18
    • Reflection Papers
    • Final paper (10+ pages in length)
    • Journal
    • Practical exercises
    • In-class exercise
    • Class participation

    This seminar is intended to explore the processes of negotiation and settlement in legal and other contexts. Negotiation can be defined as the process by which two or more parties attempt to reach a mutually agreed upon decision regarding the social ordering of relationships or the resolution of a dispute. Thus, for example, agreement on a contract between two or more parties entails negotiation. Most civil and criminal litigation is settled by negotiation rather than decided at trial. Today, in many states, mandatory mediation–negotiation facilitated by a neutral party–is required before a case can be scheduled for trial. Other forms of alternative dispute resolution such as arbitration or summary jury trials are usually preceded by negotiation. The seminar will focus on the nature of interpersonal and intergroup conflict and strategies and tactics of negotiation. It will also focus on the unique aspects of an attorney representing a client in negotiation, including the ethical duties of a lawyer in this context.  Goals of the seminar are to provide students with the opportunity to analyze the social process of conflict resolution in different legal contexts (including transactional, litigation, and international), to gain insight into their own negotiation styles, and to improve their negotiation skills.  One email negotiation is included, and one class will introduce mediation advocacy techniques to help prepare students to negotiate when a mediator is involved in dispute resolution.

    The seminar makes use of role-play simulation materials and assigned readings. The seminar requires consistent and active class participation, weekly journals or guided questionnaires, and a final paper. Because of the nature of the course, the amount of information delivered during the first class period, the importance of participating in the first role-play simulation during the first class period, and the historically long waitlists for enrollment in the course, attendance at the first class is absolutely required. A student who fails to attend the first class without prior consent of the instructor will forfeit his or her place in the class. (Working for an additional week in the summer will not be an acceptable excuse for missing the first week of class.  Neither will a call-back interview.) Students who are on the waitlist for the course are encouraged to attend the first class, and those who do will be given preference to fill open slots in the class.  There is a shortened drop period for this course so that students who are waitlisted can enter the class before the second class occurs.  Thus, students may drop this course without permission only before the second class meeting.

    Because of the similarities between this course and the negotiation course taught at the Fuqua School of Business, a law student may not receive law school credit for both courses.

    461

    Health Policy Practicum 3
    • JD - general credits
    • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
    • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
    In this policy practicum, students will identify specific health policy reforms and will engage in research and advocacy designed to advance those reforms. Specific focus will be on reforms that reduce the costs of healthcare delivery, expand consumer choice, and enhance provider competition.

    Grade Basis: Graded

    506

    Fraud Investigation 2
    • JD - general credits
    • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
    • Final Exam

    In recent years new statutory and common law fraud actions have filled the courts and the news. Corporate fraud constitutes an increasing concern and target for litigation and enforcement actions. New definitions, procedures and enforcement mechanisms have changed the face of fraud investigation and prosecution. This Course will cover traditional areas of fraud investigation and prosecution along with emerging statutory and common law fraud issues. It will consider both academic and practical aspects on the definition, identification, and redress of fraud and fraud-related issues, including federal bank, bankruptcy, tax and securities fraud provisions, Sarbanes-Oxley issues, FDIC fraud regulations and enforcement, wire fraud, mail fraud, false federal claims, and other statutory fraud provisions. It will also cover practical issues of cooperation with government inquiry and their limits, privilege and work product and their waiver.

    510

    Legal Interviewing & Counseling 2
    • JD - general credits
    • JD - experiential learning
    • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
    • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
    • Fall 18
    • Fall 16
    • Spring 17
    • Fall 17
    • Spring 18
    • Journal
    • Practical exercises
    • In-class exercise
    • Class participation

    This course will provide students a framework for effective client interviewing and counseling, skills which are foundational to successful lawyering. While lawyers must master substantive and procedural law to gain the confidence of their clients, they must be able to exercise effective communication skills in “real time.”  Legal Interviewing and Counseling will help students learn to plan effective interviewing and counseling sessions, to identify and solve problems collaboratively with clients, and to further develop their abilities to effectively communicate difficult legal and factual information. This course seeks to further understanding of a broad range of communication skills, to facilitate client decision making and implementation of solutions, to manage the professional relationship, and to navigate common ethical issues that arise in the context of legal interviewing and counseling. Structured in-class simulation exercises will allow students to develop and practice these skills in real-world contexts . While each of these skills will be developed over the entirety of any lawyer's career, Legal Interviewing & Counseling aims to help students to jumpstart this development and to gain additional tools needed to ensure effective client relationships when they enter practice. Students will be evaluated on their participation in structured, in-class simulation exercises and discussions; video-taped skills exercises done outsides of class; guided self-assessments; guided reviews of other students' simulation exercises; and a final capstone simulation interview and counseling projects. Students will be required to attend class regularly and to participate consistently in all exercises. Students will be assessed on a C/NC basis.

    512

    Medicine and Law 2
    • JD - general credits
    • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP)
    • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
    • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
      This 2-credit seminar considers the application of law to medicine and the tensions that arise as a result, both in practice and as these tensions implicate differences between medical ethics and legal norms. The topics covered will include the history and modern status of medical ethics rules and the institutions that govern and operationalize them; medical privacy in the HIPAA context; clinical research and the consent process; the (medical malpractice) standard of care and medical errors; scarce resources including medicines and organs; infectious disease (e.g., Ebola) protocols; living wills and medical powers of attorney; the concept of medical "futility"; and choosing and defining death.

      Grades will be based on class preparedness and participation including one-page reflection papers due before most class sessions, and a final research paper. In total, students will turn in ten reflection papers, i.e., one for each of ten of the thirteen class sessions. Final papers for those not taking the class for writing credit must be 20-25 pages in length. Final papers for those taking the class for writing credit must be between 25 and 30 pages in length and must otherwise comply with the requirements for obtaining such credit.

      It is recommended that students take this course in conjunction with Law 524, Health and Medical Research for Lawyers, a one-credit advanced research seminar which emphasizes the topics covered in this course, i.e., in Law 512.

      514

      Research Methods in Administrative Law 2
      • JD - general credits
      • JD - experiential learning
      • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
      • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
      • Fall 18
      • Fall 17
      • Final paper (10+ pages in length)
      • Oral presentation
      • Short Research Assignments
      • Class participation

      This course focuses on administrative law research, including federal regulations, the federal rulemaking process, documents produced by federal agencies such as “no action” letters and guidance documents, and research into the enabling legislation and related legislative process. It will also cover research into legislative and regulatory stakeholders, with the goal of facilitating student research expertise in addressing administrative law issues in practice.

      520

      Climate Change and the Law 2
      • JD - general credits
      • LLM-ICL - general credits
      • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
      • International LLM, Environmental Law Certificate
      • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
      • Spring 17
      • Spring 18
      • Reflection Papers
      • Final paper (10+ pages in length)
      • In-class exercise
      • Class participation

      This 2-credit seminar will examine global climate change and the range of actual and potential responses by legal institutions – primarily at the international treaty level and in the United States, with attention as well to the law in Europe, Australia, China, Brazil, and elsewhere.

      We will compare alternative approaches that could be taken by the legal regime to address climate change: the choice of policy instrument (e.g., emissions taxes, allowance trading, technology R&D, prescriptive regulation, reducing deforestation, geoengineering, adaptation); the spatial scale (global, regional, national, local); the time scale (precautionary or adaptive, over decades or centuries); and key normative criteria for policy choice. We will also examine the actual legal measures that have been adopted so far to manage climate change: the international agreements such as the Framework Convention on Climate Change (1992), its Kyoto Protocol (1997), and the results of follow-on meetings such as Copenhagen (2009), Cancun (2010), Durban (2011), Doha (2012), Warsaw (2013), and the Paris Agreement (2015); and the policies undertaken by the US, Europe, Australia, China, Brazil, and other key countries. In the US, we will study national (federal) and sub-national (state and local) policies, including: legislative proposals in the US Congress; the US Supreme Court's decisions in Massachusetts v. EPA (2007), and Connecticut v. AEP (2011), addressing issues including standing to sue, statutory interpretation, delegation, administrative discretion, comparative institutional competence, and statutory preemption of common law; administrative regulation by US EPA under the current Clean Air Act; other federal laws such as the ESA and NEPA; state-level action by California, RGGI, and others; and common-law tort liability applied to climate change.

      Questions we will discuss include: How effective and efficient are the policies being proposed and adopted? How do actions at the national and international levels affect each other (e.g. reinforcing or conflicting)? Can current institutions deal with a problem as enormous, complex, long-term, uncertain, and multi-faceted as climate change? What roles do changing scientific and economic understanding play in evolving legal responses? How do institutions and the public respond to potential but inchoate catastrophes? Will dealing with mega-problems necessitate or lead to basic changes in legal institutions? Should the US states be acting? Should you buy personal carbon offsets? Should the US have joined Kyoto, or have organized a parallel regime of major emitters, or have done something else? How should we appraise FCCC/Kyoto process so far? What will follow from the 2015 Paris Agreement, and how should it be implemented? What are the best ways to engage countries in international cooperation? What principles of international and intergenerational justice should guide efforts to control climate change? How should aggregate social well-being, and distributional equity for the world's poor, shape climate change policy? Should greenhouse gas emitters (countries, businesses, consumers) be legally liable or responsible to compensate victims for their losses? What is the best mix of mitigation (prevention) and adaptation (resilience)? How will climate policy be influenced by geopolitical changes such as the rise of China and India, and a shift from the US as lone superpower to a more multipolar world of several great powers? How will technological change affect law and policy, and how should the law seek to promote technological change? How should the legal system learn and remain adaptable to new information over time? What threats, challenges, and opportunities might climate change pose to legal and political systems?

      Students must read the assigned materials in advance of class, and participate in class discussion. Each student will submit a short (5-6 page) paper, addressing the week's readings (and adding outside research), for three (3) of the 12 class sessions (not counting the first class session). A sign-up sheet will be circulated at the beginning of the course for students to select the 3 topics/class sessions for which they will submit these 3 short papers (so that these papers are spread across the semester). In addition, each student will write a longer research paper (15 pages), due at the end of the semester. Grades will be based on: 33% class participation, 33% the 3 short papers, and 33% the longer paper.

      The Syllabus with weekly assignments, and the Resources (readings), will be posted on the Sakai site. (There is no textbook for this course; all readings will be posted on the Sakai site.)

      524

      Health and Medical Research for Lawyers 1
      • JD - general credits
      • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
      • Fall 16
      • Final Exam
      • Practical exercises
      • Class participation

      This one-credit advanced legal research seminar will introduce students to specific sources and strategies for researching health and medical legal topics, including the right to health care, pharmaceutical and medical device regulation, Stark and anti-trust laws as applied to the health care industry, medical malpractice and standards of care, and medical ethics and experimentation. This course will cover key primary and secondary sources for health and medical law research, including statutes, regulations, and agency materials. The research skills practiced in this course will also be useful for other topical legal areas. Grading will be based on class participation, short in-class or take-home exercises, and a final take-home exam.

      527

      Access to Medicines: Intellectual Property and Global Public Health 2
      • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP), option
      • JD - general credits
      • LLM-ICL - general credits
      • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
      • International LLM, Intellectual Property Certificate
      • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
      • Spring 17
      • Spring 18
      • Final Exam, option
      • Final research paper (25+ pages in length), option

      This 2 credit seminar examines the law and policy governing the availability, price and development of medicines worldwide, providing an overview of the international legal frameworks, national regulations, and innovation policies affecting access to existing medicines and the development of future treatments for global health. It encourages students to critically examine current international law governing pharmaceutical innovation and to engage in efforts to improve incentives for the pharmaceutical sector to better meet global health needs. This seminar is open to non-law graduate students depending on space and prior experience. Students may take a final take-home exam or write a 30 page paper. 

      Note: An additional credit is available for students writing a 45 page paper.  Students wishing to take this option should enroll in Law 527W Access to Medicines Writing Credit and must be enrolled no later than the 7th week of class.

      527W

      Access to Medicines Writing Credit 1
      • JD - general credits
      • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP)
      • International LLM, Intellectual Property Certificate
      • Spring 18
      • Add on credit

      While enrolled in Law 527 Access to Medicines: Intellectual Property and Global Public Health, students have the option to take an additional 1 credit if they wish to write a 45 page paper. *LAW 527W MUST be added no later than 7th week of class.*

      541

      Nonprofit Organizations 3
      • JD - general credits
      • JD-LLM-LE - general credits
      • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
      • International LLM, Business Law Certificate
      • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
      • Fall 18
      • Fall 16
      • Fall 17
      • Final Exam

      The subject of the course is the diverse sector of the economy composed of nonprofit organizations. The topics to be covered include their economic function, governance issues, the tax laws covering them, abuses of their special status, and policy issues regarding them.

      545

      Urban Legal History 3
      • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP)
      • JD - general credits
      • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
      • Fall 17
      • Final research paper (25+ pages in length)
      • Class participation

      Urban Legal History is a research seminar which will focus on the legal issues relating to Durham's political, social, and economic development. The class will involve intensive study of primary and secondary materials, and will require students to produce substantial (45 page) research papers.

      561

      Tax Policy 3
      • JD - general credits
      • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
      • Spring 17
      • Spring 18

      This three-credit seminar will feature weekly presentations (eleven in total) of works-in-progress on a wide range of tax policy topics, by leading tax academics from law schools around the country. The seminar will meet twice each week--first to discuss the paper prior to the arrival of its author, and a second time to discuss the paper with the author. Students will write a reaction paper (of approximately three pages) for each work-in-progress. Grades will be based on the reaction papers and on contributions to the seminar discussions.

      577

      Emerging Issues in Sports and the Law 2
      • JD - general credits
      • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
      • International LLM, Business Law Certificate
      • Spring 18
      • Reflection Papers
      • Final paper (10+ pages in length)
      • Class participation

      The course will examine the regulation of NCAA athletics and the enforcement of NCAA rules. It will examine in detail several high profile NCAA cases including those involving Penn State, Miami and UNC-Chapel Hill.

      581

      FinTech Law and Policy 3
      • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP)
      • JD - general credits
      • LLM-LE (1 year) - general credits
      • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
      • International LLM, Business Law Certificate
      • Spring 17
      • Fall 17
      • Fall 18
      • Final research paper (25+ pages in length)
      • Oral presentation
      • Class participation

      In 2016, few people had ever heard of Bitcoin or blockchain, initial coin offerings were non-existent, and U.S. financial regulatory agencies had yet to react to the emergence of non-bank financial services providers. The FinTech industry has changed dramatically since then: Bitcoin has captured the public imagination and spawned new derivatives products, you can now apply for a mortgage on your smartphone, initial coin offerings are now a viable alternative to venture capital funding, and the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency has proposed a new kind of bank charter specifically for FinTech firms.While many have focused on the technologies underpinning the FinTech revolution, less attention has been placed on how these technologies fit within the current financial regulatory framework. Understanding this framework is critical to the long-term success of any FinTech startup. While technology startups in other sectors may predicate their business on breaking rules and ignoring regulations, such a strategy is sure to fail if deployed by a FinTech firm. This is because the financial industry is heavily regulated by multiple state and federal agencies that often have overlapping authority. Being a successful FinTech firm requires more than just great technology; it also requires an understanding of the laws and regulations applicable to your business.

      This course aims to provide you with that understanding. You will learn about the critical legal, regulatory, and policy issues associated with cryptocurrencies, initial coin offerings, online lending, new payments and wealth management technologies, and financial account aggregators. In addition, you will learn how regulatory agencies in the U.S. are continually adjusting to the emergence of new financial technologies and how one specific agency, the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, has proposed a path for FinTech firms to become regulated banks. You will also learn the basics of how banks are regulated in the U.S.

      If you are unfamiliar with how these new financial technologies work, fear not. We will begin each new course section with a high-level overview of the underlying technology.

      587

      Race and the Law 2
      • JD - general credits
      • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP)
      • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
      • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
      • Spring 17
      • Final research paper (25+ pages in length)

      Are we a post-racial society? Is English-only the way to go? Is there a model minority? Are Native American children better off with Native American parents? Should affirmative action be abolished? Are all women white and all blacks men? Was Brown right? This seminar will explore the historical and contemporary treatment of race in the United States by both the courts and the legislature. The seminar will employ an interdisciplinary approach to examining the social and political forces that have and continue to contribute to the development of legal doctrine in the areas of education, employment, health care, interracial sex and marriage, and public accommodations, among other things. Throughout, the seminar will explore the definition of race, the intersection of race and gender, the interplay of race and class, the juxtaposition of various racial groups, and the utility of a biracial dichotomy in a multiracial and multiethnic society. Materials will include cases, films, law review articles, excerpts from books, and other nonlegal materials. The seminar will examine race from a multiracial, multiethnic perspective. Participation from a diverse group of students is encouraged. A paper will be required.

      590

      Risk Regulation in the US, Europe and Beyond 2
      • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP)
      • JD - general credits
      • LLM-ICL - general credits
      • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
      • International LLM, Environmental Law Certificate
      • Spring 17
      • Spring 18
      • Final research paper (25+ pages in length)
      • Class participation

      This seminar pursues an advanced, integrated analysis of the law, science and economics of societies' efforts to assess and manage risks of harm to human health, safety, environment and security. The course will examine the regulation of a wide array of risks, such as those from food, drugs, medical care, automobiles, air travel, drinking water, air pollution, energy, climate change, finance, terrorism, emerging technologies, and extreme catastrophic risks (students may propose to research other risks as well). Across these diverse contexts, the course will explore the components of regulatory analysis: risk assessment, risk management (including the debate over "precaution" versus benefit-cost analysis), risk evaluations by experts vs. the public, and risk-risk tradeoffs.  And it will explore options for institutional design and structure, including the interrelated roles of legislative, executive, and judicial functions; delegation and oversight; fragmentation and integration; and international cooperation.

      The course examines these issues through a comparative approach to risk regulation in the United States, Europe, and other countries.  These comparisons address topics including the choice of policy instruments, the selection of which risks to regulate, "precautionary" regulation, "better regulation" initiatives, regulatory impact assessment and regulatory oversight bodies, and others.   It examines the divergence, convergence, and exchange of ideas across regulatory systems; the causes of these patterns; the consequences of regulatory choices; and what regulatory systems can learn from each other.

      Students' research papers in this seminar may analyze specific risk regulations; compare regulations, institutions or tools across countries; formulate and advocate original proposals to improve the regulatory state; or other related topics.

      598

      Family Creation: A Non-Judicial Perspective 2
      • JD - general credits
      • JD – Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP), add-on credit
      • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP)
      • LLM-ICL - writing requirement, option
      • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
      • International LLM - writing requirement, option
      • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
      • Spring 17
      • Reflection Papers
      • In-class exercise
      • Class participation

      This course will focus on the role of the legislative and administrative process in intercountry adoption, wherein a child born in one country becomes part of a family in another.  Intercountry adoption raises complex issues of law and policy, including those relating to the definition of family, state sovereignty, immigration and citizenship, human rights, and ethics and transparency.  Not all countries participating in intercountry adoption are subject to international treaties regarding adoption and related issues.  In nations where the treaties are in effect, implementation through the legislative and administrative process has been characterized by conflict and delay.  At the local level, regulation of intercountry adoption through oversight of adoption agencies and adoptive families, has been uneven.

      This seminar aims to give students the opportunity to understand the policymaking process by closely examining what has transpired in the field of intercountry adoption in the last 15-20 years, and considering what the future may hold, both within the U.S. and abroad.  Students will be expected to explore and understand the intersection between policy, treaty, and national law, as well as the interrelationship between the legislative and administrative processes.  Because the seminar will examine not only the law within the U.S. but that in other countries, students will be able to explore the differences in culture and policy that exist nation to nation and consider how those differences affect an inherently international issue such as intercountry adoption.

      Readings will draw from the United States and international sources and will include existing and proposed legislation, existing and proposed administrative regulations, treaty provisions, court decisions interpreting these sources, academic and journalistic writings, and audiovisual materials.

      601

      Duke Law in DC: Federal Policymaking 4
      • JD - general credits
      • JD - experiential learning
      • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
      • Fall 16
      • Fall 17

      This course is open to students participating in the Duke in DC integrated externship program (LAW 679: Duke Law in DC Externship). The Federal Policymaking course is a graded, 4-credit, weekly class that focuses on the federal policymaking process, with particular attention to the policy issues that are currently being debated in Congress and the executive branch. The course requires students to become conversant with current federal policy debates, and also with the forces that influence the behavior of institutional actors who ultimately decide whether and how these debates will be acted upon by the branches of the federal government. Students will develop critical analysis skills that are necessary to evaluate and affect the policymaking process at the federal level.  This course is open to second-and third-year law students, by permission only. For more information, please visit https://law.duke.edu/curriculum/dukedc/.

      618

      Readings: Introduction to Health Law & Policy – What’s a Needle? and Other Foundational Questions 1
      • JD - general credits
      • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
      • Fall 18
      • Fall 17
      • Reflection Papers
      • Class participation

      This course offers a very broad yet brief introduction to the diverse and growing field of health law.  Team taught by six different instructors, this course designed both as a general overview to “everything you wanted to know about health law but were afraid to ask” as well as a gateway to Duke’s other offerings in health law and health policy.

      636

      Food, Agriculture and the Environment: Law & Policy 2
      • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP)
      • JD - general credits
      • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
      • International LLM, Environmental Law Certificate
      • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
      • Fall 18
      • Fall 16
      • Fall 17
      • Reflection Papers
      • Final paper (10+ pages in length)
      • Oral presentation
      • Class participation

      In many areas of the country, and especially in North Carolina, sustainable, local food markets represent one of the most exciting opportunities for environmental stewardship, economic growth, value-added agricultural niches, job creation, and community building. However, these opportunities require careful and sustained attention to the legal and regulatory requirements at the international, national, state, and local levels, many of which inhibit the development of sustainable, local food systems.


      The course will focus on (1) the interrelationship of food and agricultural production and environmental sustainability and (2) the ways in which the law influences, and can be used to overcome impediments to, the development of sustainable, local foods-based markets. Students will explore readings from a variety of sources, hear directly from guest speakers from North Carolina's strong network of organizations involved in the local foods movement, and delve into a research project of their own choosing.* Through the semester, students will gain an understanding of how legal rules interact with food safety research, physical infrastructure, personal consumption habits, patterns of private sector investment, race-based and other structural inequalities, to notions of community, underlying cultural and religious values, etc.

      *This project will allow students to explore an issue of interest and contribute their knowledge to this developing field. Papers may be scholarly in nature, but students are encouraged to shape their projects as practical case studies that directly engage the issues and players in the local foods community.

      677

      Duke Law in DC: Rethinking Federal Regulation 4
      • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP)
      • JD - general credits
      • JD - experiential learning
      • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
      • Fall 18
      • Spring 17
      • Spring 18

      This course is open to students participating in the Duke in DC integrated externship program (LAW 679: Duke Law in DC Externship). The Rethinking Federal Regulation course is a graded 4-credit weekly class that focuses on trends in regulatory philosophy, competing models for regulation, the nature of administrative rulemaking and enforcement of rules and regulations, and some of the sources of regulatory dysfunction. Students will develop critical analysis skills that are necessary to evaluate federal regulatory law, and will produce a 30-page final paper for the course. This course is open to second and third year law students, by permission only. For more information, please visit https://law.duke.edu/curriculum/dukedc/.

      679

      Duke Law in DC Externship 9
      • JD - general credits
      • JD - experiential learning
      • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
      • Public Interest Certificate: Experiential Requirement
      • Fall 18
      • Fall 16
      • Spring 17
      • Fall 17
      • Spring 18

      This 9-credit externship is one of three components of the Duke Law in DC experience, which also includes a seminar course and a substantial research paper. With the support of the Externship Administrator, students seek and secure a full-time externship position with a non-profit or government agency or office in Washington, DC. Duke Law in DC externship students have the opportunity to gain substantial hands-on experience in order to advance their academic and professional development while working under the supervision of an attorney on high-quality real-life work assignments.
      Under the Duke Law Externship Program, a student must complete 50 hours of externship per externship credit; Duke Law in DC requires 450 hours of externship to be completed between the first day of classes and the last day of exams each semester. Students are required to submit bi-weekly reflection papers and hours logs to the Externship Administrator and course professor. Students will be graded on a credit/no credit basis, based on successful completion of the required externship hours and diligent submission of reflection papers and hours logs.

      The Duke Law in DC externship program is open to second- and third-year law students, by permission only.

      Please follow this link for details and rules governing externships: http://law.duke.edu/about/community/rules/sec3#rule3-25

      9 credits / credit-no credit grading basis

      707

      Statutory Interpretation Colloquium 2
      • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP)
      • JD - general credits
      • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
      • Final research paper (25+ pages in length)
      • Reflection Papers

      The objective of the course is to introduce students to important issues concerning the theory and doctrine of statutory interpretation through exposure to cutting-edge legal scholarship. The colloquium will feature bi-weekly presentations of works-in-progress by leading scholars of statutory interpretation, legislation, and administrative law. In the week preceding each presentation, students will read and discuss foundational materials (a mix of academic commentary and case law) on topics related to the work-in-progress.

      Students may opt to prepare six short (5-10 page) papers in response to each work-in-progress, which would be due in advance of the presentation and used to stimulate discussion. Alternatively, students may write one longer research paper (roughly 30 pages) dealing with a topic of their choice related to the themes of the class. Students who take the latter option may use the colloquium to satisfy the upper-level writing requirement.

      710

      Derivatives: Financial Markets, Law and Policy 3
      • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP)
      • JD - general credits
      • LLM-LE (1 year) - general credits
      • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
      • International LLM, Business Law Certificate
      • Spring 17
      • Spring 18
      • Final research paper (25+ pages in length)
      • Oral presentation
      • Class participation

      Modern capital and financial markets rely on a wide variety of complex instruments, including Treasury securities, structured debt and equity instruments, and derivatives of various kinds.  Public awareness regarding these instruments has grown since the Financial Crisis of 2008 because they are thought to have played an important role in both the rapid growth of financial markets (“financialization”) and their destabilization.  Yet these instruments and the role they play in modern markets remain little understood.  A basic understanding of these instruments has now become important in modern financial law practice and any discussions on financial policy and regulation.

      This course will review the workings of derivative instruments in the capital markets and how such instruments themselves are used.  The relationship between banking and capital markets, and between government and the private markets, will be explored, as will the most important legal and fiduciary responsibilities involved.  While not highly technical, the various principal types of government securities and derivatives will be examined. 

      Warren Buffet once called derivatives “weapons of mass financial destruction.”  We will consider the numerous public policy issues relating to derivatives, their role in the Crisis of 2008 (and more recent financial distress such as the Eurozone crisis and the US debt ceiling controversy), the history of attempts to regulate these instruments, and the current regulatory structure.

      Required Coursework

      The 3-credit graded requirements for the course will be:

      1. A thirty-page paper, to be submitted by Friday, April 14 2017 (80%); the opportunity for JD writing credit will be given to the first five students who present research proposals, approved by me, commit to completing their drafts by Friday March 10 for grading and comments by me, and submit their final drafts in response to comments by the last day of class for the semester (when all papers will be due).
      2. An individual class presentation, of 20 minutes in length (10%), on the early draft of the 3-credit paper; and
      3. Overall class participation (10%).The course will be highly interactive and graded on this basis.

      The course will be highly interactive and graded on this basis.

      716

      Information Privacy and Government Surveillance Law 3
      • JD - general credits
      • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
      • Spring 17
      • Reflection Papers
      • Final paper (10+ pages in length)
      • Group project
      • In-class exercise
      • Class participation

      The acquisition, management, analysis, dissemination, and security of personal information are increasing important issues for individuals, commercial enterprises and governments. New technologies create a more connected and personal digital society. Every day, transactions engaged in by individuals generate ever expanding amounts of personal information, including credit card transaction information, purchasing histories, bank and other financial transaction information, location information, health information, real property ownership information, information relating to interactions with the criminal justice system, information shared on social media and other types of information. Not only is the volume of personal information escalating rapidly; much of it resides on servers and storage media where it can be accessible or potentially accessible to commercial enterprises and government agencies. In both the commercial sector and the government sector, the legal and policy issues associated with personal information are growing in importance. Discussion of these issues in either sector cannot ignore the other, because the issues frequently intersect. They also transcend national boundaries. For example, in President Obama's proposals to revise government policy towards signals intelligence collection, he states that such policies implicate "the cooperation we receive from other nations on law enforcement, counterterrorism, and other issues; our commercial, economic, and financial interests, including a potential loss of international trust in U.S. firms and the decreased willingness of other nations to participate in international data sharing, privacy, and regulatory regimes ..." This intersection of issues creates particular challenges for existing constitutional, legislative and international governance models.

      In the government sector, many of the most pressing problems relate to the national security state that has developed after the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001. The crucial battleground for combating and preventing future terrorist attacks is the intelligence battleground. In the United States, as well as in other countries, efforts to acquire and properly analyze intelligence with respect to terrorists, their plans and their plots, have expanded dramatically. The tension between these efforts and individual privacy creates frictions that are forcing reconsideration of existing methods of mediating them. Similar reconsideration is occurring in the commercial sector, where consumers' desire for confidentiality in the data that relates to them can conflict with markets for information and commercial and entrepreneurial interests that wish to take advantage of such data to provide new goods and services that consumers value.

      This course explores the legal and policy issues associated with concerns about information privacy, in the commercial and government sectors and in the intersection of these two sectors.
      GRADING: 30% Class Participation, 30% Participation in a Class Debates and Debate Summaries, 40% 2 10-page response papers

      738

      Financial Law and Regulation: Practitioner's Perspective 2
      • JD - general credits
      • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
      • International LLM, Business Law Certificate
      • Spring 17
      • Spring 18
      • Reflection Papers
      • Class participation

      Every aspect of financial law and regulation depends heavily on its daily practice.  The environment changes all the time, and the scope of regulatory discretion, at every level of government (state, federal and international) is so large that successful practitioners must understand the current trends in regulatory thinking and practice.  This course will allow students to dive deep into a different aspect of modern financial regulation every week by bringing in prominent alumni practitioners who are experts in specific areas of the field.

      The course will be structured as follows:

      1. Six 4 hour components, focusing on specific aspects of financial practice according to the expertise of the teacher. Lee Reiners will hold an opening 2 hour class session.
      2. Taught by a series of expert practitioners, who will spend two days at the school. Classes will be held on Thursday and Friday.
      3. The course is a seminar based on a compilation of readings provided during the course.
      4. Students will be graded based upon class participation and six, 1,500-word, writing assignments pertaining to each of the six topics discussed by our guest lecturers.

      Likely topics to be covered include:

      • Derivatives regulation
      • High frequency trading
      • FDIC resolution and the insurance fund
      • Volcker Rule and Regulation W
      • Bank capital requirements

       

      Class will run from Feb 16th to April 6th and will consist of 13 class sessions that are 2 hours long. Seven class sessions will be on a Friday morning from 9-11am and 6 class sessions will be on Thursday afternoon from 4:00pm to 6:00pm.

      779

      Well-Being and the Practice of Law 1
      • JD - general credits
      • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
      • Spring 17
      • Spring 18
      Optimistic, happy people outperform their counterparts on almost every measure of job success with the notable exception of one group: lawyers. Psychological research suggests that on the whole pessimists perform better in both law school and private practice. Since research also shows that pessimism can be a predictor of depression and/or lower levels of life satisfaction, this raises a question among academics who study well-being: what do we do about the lawyers? Or is the research insufficient to make such sweeping claims?

      This class will examine why the "pursuit of happiness," a phrase written by a lawyer, has proved futile for many members of the legal profession and those aspiring to its ranks.There is considerable data (that predates the current economic crisis) indicating that lawyers and law students suffer from greater rates of depression and anxiety than other professions, along with accompanying social maladies such as substance abuse. There is also considerable evidence of high career dissatisfaction among lawyers, and many others are leaving the profession or performing well below their capability. This seems unfathomable given the high levels of education, affluence, and respect lawyers enjoy (or will enjoy), factors which predict happiness and job satisfaction in other areas of life.
      This class will present the research to date on lawyers and happiness. We will examine the scientific data and academic literature on lawyer maladies, while examining holes in the collective wisdom and why the majority of lawyers are quite content. While acknowledging the very real problems of the profession, we will address the question many lawyers and law professors legitimately ask – so what: who said lawyers are supposed to be happy? We will then review simple actions law schools, bar associations, law firms, and individuals can take to improve the collective health of the profession, as well as the productivity and engagement of its individual practitioners. In the course of so doing, will learn the basic well-being measurement tools and practice interventions shown to increase individual happiness. This is a serious course grounded in the latest science; while there will be fairly intensive reading and writing requirements, they will be within the bounds of a one-credit hour course, and should add to the overall well-being of each student.