Course Browser

Search and explore Duke Law's wide variety of courses that comprise near every area of legal theory and practice. Contact the Assistant Dean for Academic Affairs to confirm whether a course satisfies a graduation requirement in any particular semester.
 

NOTE: Course offerings change. Faculty leaves and sabbaticals, as well as other curriculum considerations, will sometimes affect when a course may be offered.

 

Credits
Semester
JD Course of Study
JD/LLM in International & Comparative Law
JD/LLM in Law & Entrepreneurship
International LLM - 1 year
LLM in Law & Entrepreneurship - 1 year
Certificate in Public interest and Public Service Law
 
Clear all filters124 courses found.
Course Number Course Title Course Credits Degree Requirements Semesters Taught Methods of Evaluation

120

Constitutional Law 4.5
  • JD - first-year curriculum
  • International LLM - New York Bar Exam
  1. Fall 16
  2. Spring 17
  3. Fall 17
  4. Spring 18
  5. Fall 18
  6. Spring 19
  • Final Exam
  • Class participation

An examination of the distribution of and limitations upon governmental authority under the Constitution of the United States. Included are study of the doctrine of judicial review of legislative and executive action, the powers of Congress and the President, the limitations on state governmental powers resulting from the existence or exercise of congressional power, and judicial protection against the exercise of governmental power in violation of rights, liberties, privileges, or immunities conferred by the Constitution.

190

Distinctive Aspects of U.S. Law 2
  • International LLM - New York Bar Exam
  • International LLM - required courses
  1. Fall 16
  2. Fall 17
  3. Fall 18
  • Final Exam

This course is intended to provide a broad introduction to key elements of American law. Emphasis will be placed on exploring contemporary constitutional issues and other issues involving fundamental principles of American law. Much of the focus will be on recent, and controversial, Supreme Court cases dealing with property law rights, affirmative action, the death penalty, punitive damages, the commerce clause, federalism, and separation of church and state. Special focus will also be given to developing a working understanding of the American litigation system, including reliance on pre-trial discovery, experts, and the jury system.

201

Legal Writing: Craft & Style 2
  • JD - general credits
  • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
  1. Fall 16
  2. Fall 17
  3. Fall 18
  • Practical exercises
  • Class participation

"Legal Writing: Craft & Style" is the new moniker for the "Advanced Legal Writing Workshop." This series of thirteen workshops is for 2Ls and 3Ls who wish to hone their legal writing or editing skills. Half of each workshop consists of a teaching component that focuses on topics from clarity to cohesiveness to effective style. The other half is spent working as a group on exercises—flawed sentences or passages from legal documents or articles. In addition to the exercises, required written work includes three short written assignments and peer reviews of each of these using criteria developed over the course of the workshop. These peer reviews will be reviewed in turn by me. In addition, I will be available to work one-on-one with any workshop participant who has a lengthier piece on which he or she would like feedback. The workshop offers two credits. It is not graded.

The workshop might be particularly useful to:

  • law review editors,
  • students on moot court,
  • students writing law-review notes or independent-study- or seminar papers (with the permission of the guiding professor),
  • students wishing to polish their writing samples, and
  • students wishing to improve the effectiveness of their writing for any reason whatsoever.

206

International Arbitration 2
  • JD - general credits
  • LLM-ICL - general credits
  • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
  1. Spring 18
  • Final Exam

In today's global economy, parties to cross-border commercial transactions increasingly choose to resolve their disputes through arbitration. This course introduces students to the law and practice of international arbitration. Among other things, the course will consider the formation and enforcement of arbitration agreements; the conduct of arbitral proceedings; the recognition and enforcement of arbitral awards; the international conventions, national laws, and institutional arbitration rules that govern the arbitral process and the enforcement of arbitration agreements and awards; the strategic issues that arise in the course of international arbitration proceedings; and the practical benefits (and disadvantages) of arbitration.

218

Comparative Law 3
  • JD - general credits
  • LLM-ICL - required courses
  • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
  1. Fall 16
  2. Fall 17
  3. Fall 18
  • Final Exam

This course has two aims. On a practical level, we will learn about the differences and similarities, both real and perceived, between different legal orders. We will focus on legal orders within the "civil" and "common" law and try to find out in which way it makes sense to conceive of them as "the Western Legal Tradition". On a theoretical level, we will try to understand what it means to "compare", and how it can help us both to understand other legal systems as well as our own.

220

Conflict of Laws 3
  • JD - general credits
  • LLM-ICL - general credits
  • International LLM - New York Bar Exam
  1. Spring 17
  2. Spring 18
  3. Spring 19
  • Final Exam
  • Class participation

A study of the special problems that arise when a case is connected with more than one state or nation. Topics include the applicable law (choice of law), personal jurisdiction, and the recognition and effect of foreign judgments.

225

Criminal Procedure: Adjudication 3
  • JD - general credits
  • International LLM - New York Bar Exam
  • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
  1. Spring 17
  2. Spring 18
  3. Spring 19
  • Final Exam

A study of the basic rules of criminal procedure, beginning with the institution of formal proceedings. Subjects to be covered include prosecutorial discretion, the preliminary hearing, the grand jury, criminal discovery, guilty pleas and plea bargaining, jury selection, pretrial publicity, double jeopardy, the right to counsel, and professional ethics in criminal cases.

226

Criminal Procedure: Investigation 3
  • JD - general credits
  • International LLM - New York Bar Exam
  • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
  1. Spring 17
  2. Spring 18
  3. Spring 19
  • Final Exam

This course is a study of the legal limitations on criminal investigative practices contained in the Fourth, Fifth, and Sixth Amendments to the Constitution. Topics include search and seizure, arrest, the exclusionary rule, electronic surveillance, the privilege against self-incrimination, interrogation, confessions, and the right to counsel.

227

Use of Force: Cyber, Drones, Hostage Rescues, Piracy, and more 2
  • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP)
  • JD - general credits
  • LLM-ICL - general credits
  • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
  • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
  1. Fall 16
  2. Fall 17
  3. Fall 18
  • Reflection Papers
  • Final paper (10+ pages in length)
  • Oral presentation
  • Class participation

This fall-only seminar is designed to introduce students with limited familiarity with international law to principles involved in the use of force during periods of putative peace.  It will explore what circumstances constitute an “act of war” in variety of situations, to include cyberspace. 

The course will analyze when and how force may be used in self-defense and will survey topics such as humanitarian intervention, hostage rescue, air defense identification zones, freedom of navigation operations, and the legal aspects of international counter-piracy and counterterrorism operations (including drone strikes).  Efforts to limit the use of force in outer space as well as the implications of nuclear weapons and the emergence of autonomous weaponry will be explored.

Case studies and current news events will be examined in conjunction with the covered issues.  In addition, students will get an overview of the practical issues associated with the use of force, to include the weaponry, planning, and military techniques involved.

There is no examination, but a 20-page paper (constituting 65% of the grade) is required on a topic chosen by the student and approved by the instructor.  With instructor approval, the course paper may fulfill the Substantial Research and Writing Project or other writing requirements. provided it is at least 30 pages in length.  The remainder of the grade (35%) is based on the quality and frequency of class participation, and may require the preparation of short, written products.

229

State and Local Government Law 3
  • JD - general credits
  • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
  • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
  1. Spring 18
  2. Spring 19
  • Final Exam
  • In-class exercise
  • Class participation

Much of the business of governing takes place at the state and local level, rather than on the federal level. Competent attorneys must consider the effect that various state and local actors will have on their clients' interests, whether they represent large corporations, small franchises, or individuals. This course is designed to offer an overview of the issues concerning state and local governance from both a theoretical and practical perspective. The course will acquaint students with the broad issues surrounding state and local government, rather than focus on any particular state or municipality. Among the topics of discussion: state constitutional law, structure, and rights; distribution of authority between federal, state, and local governments; federal, state, and local government coordination and conflict; issues surrounding state and local provision of services and employment; state and municipal governance and oversight, and the role of localism and direct democracy in our constitutional structure. Evaluation will be based on class participation, class exercises, and an examination.

232

Employment Discrimination 3
  • JD - general credits
  • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
  • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
  1. Spring 17
  2. Spring 18
  3. Spring 19
  • Final Exam

A study of the law of employment discrimination, focusing mainly on the federal law that prohibits discrimination based on race, sex, age, religion, and disability. Issues of both practice and theory are discussed.

236

International Human Rights 2
  • JD - general credits
  • LLM-ICL - general credits
  • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
  • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
  1. Spring 19
  • Final Exam
  • In-class exercise
  • Class participation

This course critically assesses the international and domestic laws, institutions, and legal and political theories that relate to protecting the fundamental liberties of all human beings. The course emphasizes (1) specific "hot button" topics within international human rights law, such as extraordinary renditions, hate speech, and lesbian and gay rights); (2) the judicial, legislative, and executive bodies that interpret and implement human rights; and (3) the public and private actors who commit rights violations and who seek redress for individuals whose rights have been violated. Course requirements include a final exam, a negotiation exercise, and student participation in class discussions.

250

Family Law 3
  • JD - general credits
  • International LLM - New York Bar Exam
  • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
  • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
  1. Fall 16
  2. Fall 17
  3. Fall 18
  • Final Exam
  • Practical exercises
  • Class participation

A study of legal and policy issues relating to the family. Topics include requirements for marriage, nontraditional families, obligations at divorce, establishing parenthood, and adoption. Grading is based on a final examination, class participation, and written work relating to a visit to family court and completion of a divorce settlement exercise.

252

Foreign Relations Law 3
  • JD - general credits
  • LLM-ICL - general credits
  • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
  1. Fall 16
  2. Fall 17
  • Final Exam

This course examines the constitutional and statutory doctrines regulating the conduct of American foreign relations. Topics include the distribution of foreign relations powers between the three branches of the federal government, the status of international law in U.S. courts, the scope of the treaty power, the validity of executive agreements, the pre-emption of state foreign relations activities, the power to declare and conduct war, and the political question and other doctrines regulating judicial review in foreign relations cases. Where relevant, we will focus on current events, such as military detention of alleged terrorists, human rights litigation against multinational corporations, the prosecution of piracy, and controversies over immigration enforcement.

265

First Amendment 3
  • JD - general credits
  • International LLM - New York Bar Exam
  • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
  • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
  1. Fall 16
  2. Fall 17
  3. Fall 18
  • Final Exam

This course examines the legal doctrines, theories, and arguments arising out of the free speech and religion clauses of the First Amendment.

275

International Law 3
  • JD - general credits
  • LLM-ICL - required courses
  • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
  • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
  1. Spring 17
  2. Spring 18
  3. Spring 19
  • Final Exam

This course offers a general introduction to the international legal system and provides a foundation for more specialized courses. Topics covered include the sources, actors and institutions of international law; the application of international law by U.S. courts; adjudication by international tribunals; the extraterritorial application of domestic law; and an introduction to specific topics, such as human rights, international criminal law, international trade and investment, environmental protection, and the use of force.

301

AIDS and the Law 2
  • JD - general credits
  • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP)
  • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
  • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
  1. Fall 16
  2. Fall 17
The course will explore the legal and policy landscape of the HIV/AIDS epidemic primarily in the United States. We will employ a multi-disciplinary approach to teaching about HIV law and policy, including the legal issues faced by persons with HIV disease. Speakers will include medical specialists, social workers, and persons living with HIV. Topics covered include HIV-related stigma and discrimination, HIV testing and public health laws, confidentiality and privacy rights, estate planning issues, HIV criminalization, health disparities, access to health care and health insurance, permanency planning for children and other family law issues, employee benefit issues, and torts and HIV-related private lawsuits. There is an opportunity for student presentations on AIDS Law issues. In lieu of an exam, there is a paper requirement for the course. The course is helpful but not required for those intending to enroll in the Health Justice Clinic.

This course is only offered in the fall semester.

309

Children and the Law 2
  • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP), option
  • JD - general credits
  • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
  • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
  1. Spring 18
  • Reflection Papers
  • Final paper (10+ pages in length)

This seminar is derived from the three-credit Children and the Law course.  Where the latter is a broad survey of the law governing decision making for children and the relationship between parents and the state that arises in that context, this seminar focuses in on the three areas of the law that tend to generate the most cultural and legal controversy: education, religion, and maltreatment.  Students will be required to prepare memoranda throughout the semester on related topics including home schooling, curriculum reform, vaccination law, proxy consents to medical treatment and research, corporal punishment, and the Fourth Amendment’s special needs administrative search exception.  The course can be used to satisfy the upper-level writing requirement.  There are no prerequisites.  However, because the subject matter builds on the foundations of constitutional law, property, and torts, it will be useful to have taken these classes.

310

International Dispute Resolution 2
  • JD - general credits
  • LLM-ICL - general credits
  • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
  • International LLM, Business Law Certificate
    • Final Exam
    • Practical exercises
    • Class participation

    Today’s leading dispute-resolution lawyers of the United States, and every nationality, must be equipped for the international practice of law.  Their clients increasingly include multinational corporations and foreign governments who carry out commercial transactions, invest in public infrastructure, and exploit natural resources often in collaboration with other corporations and governments of diverse nationalities around the globe.  Clients may also include citizens and community groups affected by such projects.  Given the sometimes conflicting interests of the various stakeholders, some of these undertakings evolve into complex disputes that cross not only geographic borders, but also cultural, linguistic, political, and jurisdictional boundaries.  Fortunately, the contracts and treaties which govern these projects, and which have proliferated exponentially in recent decades, provide for the resolution of disputes through international institutions, such as the International Court of Justice (ICJ), the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID), and the Court of Arbitration of the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC).  Rights and remedies of private parties may be available, either alternatively or additionally, through national courts, local arbitration forums, and diplomatic protection.  And mediation of international disputes is on the rise, under existing institutional rules or through ad hoc proceedings such as before the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA).  As you prepare yourself to represent global clients, you must be equipped to navigate the available forums and the applicable legal regimes to advance their interests.

    This course will take students through an evolving, hypothetical international dispute, to empower students with practical knowledge, skills, and strategy.  Each module of the course will require students to explore a different dispute resolution forum and address a different facet of the dispute governed by a different source of law (including treaties; contracts and concessions; and local, foreign, and customary international law).  Students will be required to read selected excerpts from leading cases and treatises and to engage in substantive discussion and debate in class.  Students will also be required to complete practicum exercises to develop transferable skills for all forms of international arbitration and litigation.  All hypothetical scenarios, materials, and assignments will be based on real cases from the professor’s experience, to ensure that students gain practical knowledge and skills for their own international practice of law.

    311

    Election Law 3
    • JD - general credits
    • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP)
    • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
    • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
    1. Fall 16
    2. Fall 17
    • Final paper (10+ pages in length)
    • Final research paper (25+ pages in length)
    • Reflection Papers
    • Group project
    • Oral presentation
    • Practical exercises
    • In-class exercise
    • Class participation

    This course will explore selected topics in Law and Politics of American Democracy. We will examine the way the law and other forces have shaped the structure of American political participation, and we will consider alternative directions American democracy might take. Time permitting, we will focus on the right to vote, racial and political gerrymandering, campaign finance, political parties, ballot access, reapportionment/redistricting, and the Voting Rights Act.

    313

    Judicial Decisionmaking 3
    • JD - general credits
    • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
    1. Spring 17
    2. Spring 19
    • Final Exam

    What decides legal cases? One obvious answer is: the law. Judges apply the law to the facts of a case and an answer presents itself. This simple understanding of how law and the judicial process work may be true in many cases, but it is not true in all of them. Social scientists have sought to explain judicial decisionmaking by reference to a variety of non-legal factors, including judges' personal characteristics, their caseloads, and their relationships with each other. The social scientific study of courts raises a host of interesting questions.

    For example, on a multi-member court like the Supreme Court, does it matter which Justice is assigned to write the opinion, or will the majority (or the whole Court) bargain to the same outcome anyway? If opinion assignment matters to outcomes, how might judges' choices about the division of labor influence the content of the law? How do higher courts ensure that lower courts comply with their decisions? Does the need to police lower courts alter legal doctrine, giving us more bright line rules and fewer fuzzy standards? Similarly, does the fact that certain groups, like the Chamber of Commerce, are repeat players, affect the outcome of cases? Does it affect doctrine? Finally, does it matter who is under the robes? Does the ideology of the judge, or her race or gender, matter to the outcome of cases? (Which cases?) If so, is it possible to predict how judicial characteristics will shape the law? Should our answers to these questions affect how we choose judges?

    This course that will examine these questions and many like them. In law schools, these sorts of questions get limited attention: our focus is primarily on the legal doctrine or rules themselves. Social scientists take a very different approach, studying the behavior of judges rather than legal doctrine and trying to understand what accounts for judicial outcomes and the shape of legal institutions. This course will marry the social science literature and the questions it raises to a set of normative problems within the law itself.

     

    317

    Criminal Justice Ethics 2
    • JD - general credits
    • JD - ethics
    • International LLM - New York Bar Exam
    • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
    • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
    1. Fall 16
    2. Fall 17
    3. Fall 18
    • Final Exam
    • Reflection Papers
    • Class participation
    • Other

    The Criminal Justice Ethics course is centered on the law governing lawyers operating in the criminal justice system. It explores some of the critical issues facing lawyers in the roles of defense counsel, prosecutor, judge, etc., and includes several guest speakers and visits to a prison and courthouse. Case studies and problems are drawn from North Carolina cases, including some of the Duke Wrongful Conviction Clinic's cases of actual innocence.

    318

    European Union Commercial Law 3
    • JD - general credits
    • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
    The course offers an introduction to EU commercial law: consumer contract law, employment contract law and company law.

    The first part of the course covers foundations of EU law including in particular the funda-mental freedoms and fundamental rights; legislative instruments and legislative competences of the EU in the area of private law. Conflicts of law-rules are of obvious practical importance in the EU; they also provide the framework for regulatory competition between the national laws of the Member States.

    The second part of the course discusses the harmonization of private law in the EU with a focus on contracts. Both primary law and a host of directives prohibit discrimination in private law relations, in particular with regard to employment contracts but also with regard to con-tracts more generally. Secondly, a number of directives provide for consumer rights, namely pre-contractual information, rights of withdrawal and the control of unfair terms. Finally, direc-tives have also harmonized the substantive contract laws of the Member States; we look at the consumer sales directive and the transfer of business directive as examples. The third part of the course is dedicated to specific aspects of regulatory competition in the EU. The EU Commission has recently published a proposal for a Common European Sales Law (CESL) – a supra-national sales regime that would effectively constitute an optional code. In company law, the European Company (Societas Europaea) constitutes an optional company form. Among others, it can be used as an instrument for legal arbitrage in regard of employee involvement rights.

    The example of commercial law in this broad sense provides an opportunity to discuss foun-dations of EU law (such as the concept of the internal market, the fundamental freedoms and legislative competences of the Union) as well as issues of regulation in private law in gen-eral. It gives students a basic understanding of the general features of EU law and its interac-tion with the national laws of the Member States and provides insight into central elements of regulatory private law.

    The course complements courses in contracts, comparative law, consumer protection, and EU law.

    328

    International Debt Finance (and Sovereign Debt Crises) 2
    • JD - general credits
    • LLM-ICL - general credits
    • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
    • International LLM, Business Law Certificate
    1. Spring 17
    2. Spring 18
    3. Spring 19

    This course uses the lens of international debt finance to provide students with an advanced course in securities law, corporate law, and contract law. In the area of international debt finance, particular attention will be paid to debt issuances by sovereign nations. Given that much of this market is centered in New York and London, the focus of the course will be on U.S. and English law contracts and securities regulatory systems (including stock exchange listing regimes). Particular attention will be paid to how lawyers and their clients (both the sovereigns and the investment bankers) think about how to structure their contracts and what disclosures to make to the public regarding these contracts. Finally, attention will also be paid to the question of how domestic law private law principles can be utilized to solve or at least ameliorate the problem of third world debt (with particular reference to Sub Saharan debt).

    Note: Students may enroll in 328P for an opportunity to earn an additional credit.

    329

    Education Law 2
    • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP)
    • JD - general credits
    • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
    • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
    1. Fall 16
    2. Fall 17
    3. Fall 18
    • Final research paper (25+ pages in length)
    • In-class exercise
    • Class participation

    Education Law: Constitutional, Statutory, and Policy Considerations This seminar introduces students to the legal standards that govern public schools in the United States. Constitutional topics include the right to a public education, the financing of public schools, desegregation and equal opportunity of students, limitations on student speech, school discipline and the right to due process, religion in schools, and privacy rights of students. Statutory topics include federal laws such as the Every Student Succeeds Act, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, Title IX, and the Equal Educational Opportunities Act. Policy topics include school reforms, such as charters and vouchers, and the ongoing inequities in US public schools, and the school-to-prison pipeline. A research paper is required; successful completion of the paper will satisfy the upper-level writing requirement. A course pack will be used in lieu of a textbook.

    330

    Federal Criminal Law 4
    • JD - general credits
    • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
    • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
    1. Spring 17
    2. Spring 18
    3. Fall 18
    • Take-home examination
    • Oral presentation
    • Practical exercises
    • In-class exercise
    • Class participation

    This course examines the role of the federal government in the criminal justice system, focusing on significant federal offenses criminalizing fraud, public corruption, drugs, money laundering, racketeering, firearms, and terrorism. We will also consider prosecutorial discretion, plea bargaining, and sentencing in the federal system.  The objective of this course is to master doctrine and to learn how to debate federal criminal law's merits and proper limits.  Public policy, theory, critical thinking, and oral advocacy will be emphasized.

    The grade will be based on mock arguments and a take-home examination.

    Federal criminal law is recommended either for second- or third-year students. It is especially helpful for students who will have a federal judicial clerkship, and those who anticipate a career in litigation. There are no prerequisites.

     

    334

    Civil Rights Litigation 3
    • JD - general credits
    • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
    • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
    1. Spring 17
    2. Spring 18
    3. Spring 19
    • Final Exam
    • Practical exercises
    • In-class exercise
    • Class participation

    This course focuses on section 1983 of the United States Code, a Reconstruction-era statute that enables private parties to sue any other person who "under color" of law deprives them of the "rights, privileges, or immunities secured by the Constitution and laws" of the United States.  Class participants will become familiar with the theoretical, procedural, and practical aspects of civil rights litigation, including constitutional and statutory claims, defenses and immunities, and available remedies, including attorney fees.   Related U.S. Code provisions concerning discrimination in housing, contractual relations, employment, and voting are examined where relevant. Exam-based evaluation.

    337

    International Debt Finance II 2
    • JD - general credits
    • LLM-ICL - general credits
    • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
    1. Spring 19
    • Group project
    • Practical exercises
    • Class participation

    This course is offered to students who have previously taken law 328 International Debt Finance and Sovereign Debt Crises.

    338

    Animal Law 2
    • JD - general credits
    • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
    • International LLM, Environmental Law Certificate
    • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
    1. Spring 17
    2. Spring 18
    3. Spring 19
    • Reflection Papers
    • Class participation

    This course will examine a number of topics related to the law of animals, including various issues that arise under the laws of property, contracts, torts, and trusts and estates. It will also examine various criminal law issues and constitutional law questions. The class will consider such issues as the definition of "animal" as applicable to anti-cruelty statutes, the collection of damages for harm to animals, establishing standing for animal suits, first amendment protections, and the nuances of various federal laws.

    338O

    Animal Law Outplacement 2
    • JD - general credits
    • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits

      This outplacement course will provide students the opportunity to work on legal matters related to animals. Students are required to complete a minimum of 100 hours of outplacement work under the supervision of practicing attorneys over the course of the semester. Placements may be with local attorneys in private practice (handling veterinary malpractice cases, for example), local district attorneys' offices (working on cruelty prosecutions), or national animal advocacy organizations (such as the Humane Society of the United States, the Animal Legal Defense Fund, or People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals). The course instructor will assist in making the placements for the students and will maintain close communication with both the students and the placement supervisors on the amount, type, and quality of the work performed. The outplacement will require legal drafting such as preparation of complaints, examination outlines, and legal memoranda.

      Students' grades will be based on the quality of their clinical work assessed by the outplacement supervisor and the course instructor.

      342

      Federal Courts 4
      • JD - general credits
      • International LLM - New York Bar Exam
      • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
      1. Spring 17
      2. Spring 18
      3. Spring 19
      • Final Exam

      The course considers the structure and powers of the federal courts and their relationship to the political branches and the state courts. The topics covered include justiciability, congressional authority to define and limit federal court jurisdiction, federal common law and implied rights of action, the application of state law in federal courts under the Erie doctrine, civil rights actions and immunities of state officials and governments, and habeas corpus. The focus of the course is on structural constitutional considerations relating to both the separation of powers between the three branches of the national government as well as the federalism relationship between the national government and the state governments.

      343

      Federal Courts I: Constitution & Judicial Power 3
      • JD - general credits
      • International LLM - New York Bar Exam
      • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
      • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
      1. Fall 17
      2. Fall 18
      • Final Exam

      This installment focuses on the nature of the Article III judicial power and its place in the constitutional scheme. We begin with the justiciability doctrines (standing, ripeness, mootness, and finality), then move on to Congress's control over federal court jurisdiction and adjudication in non-Article III courts (e.g., bankruptcy courts and administrative agencies).

      This installment also focuses on the relationship between federal and state courts, including the U.S. Supreme Court's power to review state court decisions, the Erie doctrine's restriction on the common lawmaking powers of federal courts, and the parameters of federal question jurisdiction.

      344

      Federal Courts II - Public Law Litigation 3
      • JD - general credits
      • International LLM - New York Bar Exam
      • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
      1. Spring 18
      2. Spring 19
      • Final Exam

      This installment addresses a broad variety of public law litigation, including private rights of action to enforce federal statutes and constitutional litigation against federal and state governments and their officials. We will give significant attention to both federal and state sovereign immunity, as well as to doctrines of qualified and absolute immunity that protect individual government officers. The course also discusses the roles of state and federal courts in hearing public law litigation, including principles of judicial federalism limiting federal court interference with state judicial proceedings. We conclude with an extensive unit on federal habeas corpus remedies, including both challenges to federal executive detention (including the War on Terror cases) and collateral attack on state criminal convictions.

      Federal Courts I (Fall 2015) is not required.

      345

      Gender & the Law 3
      • JD - general credits
      • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
      • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
      1. Spring 17
      2. Spring 18
      3. Spring 19
      • Final Exam
      • Reflection Papers
      • Oral presentation
      • Practical exercises
      • In-class exercise
      • Class participation

      This survey course examines topics in law relating to gender through a series of different theoretical perspectives. Topics include employment, the family, domestic violence, school sports, sexual harassment, pornography, prostitution, rape, affirmative action, women in legal practice, pregnancy, and sexual identity. Some film is used in class. Evaluation is by an end-of-term exam and three short "reaction papers."

      348

      East Asian Law: Business & Finance Focus 2
      • JD - general credits
      • LLM-ICL - general credits
      • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
      • International LLM, Business Law Certificate
      1. Spring 18
      • Reflection Papers
      • Final paper (10+ pages in length)
      • Class participation

      This is a reading seminar, which will cover the East Asian law relating to the economic development, business practices, and financial regulation, exclusively focusing on Japan, Korea, and China. The legal system and economic development of these three countries have several features in common, if compared to the Western legal tradition, but the different history, culture, and politics of each country made its legal system distinctive to each other. This course aims to examine both these commonalities and distinctions, and thereby enhance our understanding of these three countries today. We will only cover the laws and practices relating to the corporate business and financial regulation, most of which have been inherited from the West. Such legal system has very little to do with the East Asian legal tradition. In most cases, it was previously based on the European Civil Law system, and recently more and more influenced by the Anglo-American laws and regulations. In this regard, the notions that have been often employed to explain the East Asian distinctions, such as Asian value, Confucianism, and traditional culture, will be rarely used or emphasized in this class. Rather, this course intends to examine how these three countries have struggled to incorporate the Western legal system—with or without its underlying assumptions and background social environments—into their society in a surprisingly limited time. To be sure, such transplant has not always been successful, and we can learn several lessons both from success and failure.

       

      350

      Advanced Constitutional Law: A Legal History of the US Civil Rights Movement 3
      • JD - general credits
      • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
      • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
      1. Spring 19
      • Final Exam
      • Class participation

       This course will examine the role of social movements in the development of U.S. constitutional law. Conventional theories of judicial independence do not define a legitimate role for social movements, but recent advances in legal scholarship have underscored the co-constitutive relationship between law and social movements. Accordingly, this course will explore how participants in social movements engage the Constitution and how these encounters shape constitutional doctrine, social institutions, public discourse, and movements themselves. We will investigate the processes of mobilization and counter-mobilization and reflect on how movements often spur constitutional change through means other than constitutionally specified procedures. We will also consider why movements fail and will critically analyze rights-based approaches to reform. The course will place particular emphasis on the involvement of social movement actors in the transformation of civil rights law. Course readings will draw from a wide range of historical, sociological, and legal sources.

      351

      U.S. Immigration and Nationality Law 2
      • JD - general credits
      • LLM-ICL - general credits
      • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
      • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
      1. Fall 16
      2. Fall 17
      3. Spring 19
      • Reflection Papers
      • Class participation

      This course will provide an overview of selected law and policy topics in immigration law.  It will consider the following questions: what criteria are used in determining who can come to the United States as an immigrant or visitor?  When and why may noncitizens be forced to leave?  How should choices about admission and removal be implemented?  It will focus on current topics in immigration enforcement, including the “sanctuary” movement, border enforcement, immigration detention, family separation, and the merger of criminal and immigration enforcement.  Discussion will be based on a variety of sources, including statutes, caselaw, administrative enforcement guidance, social science research, and legal scholarship.  Assessment will be based on written papers and class participation.

      357

      WTO Dispute Resolution 1
      • JD - general credits
      • LLM-ICL - general credits
      • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits

        This one credit course will explore the development and practices of the of the World Trade Organization's dispute settlement system. The WTO is unique among large international organizations in that it has a formal judicial body with compulsory jurisdiction over all WTO members. This class will examine the creation of this system, rules regarding jurisdiction and standing, and procedures for initial reports and appeals. In addition, the course will discuss compliance proceedings and the WTO's remedy regime. Class time will consist of a mix of lecture, guest speakers, and a simulation of WTO judicial proceedings.

        360

        International Taxation 3
        • JD - general credits
        • LLM-ICL - general credits
        • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
        • International LLM, Business Law Certificate
        1. Spring 17
        2. Spring 18
        3. Spring 19
        • Final Exam

        The course explores both the existing tax rules and the widespread policy concerns under discussion in the US and globally about current international tax law.

        361

        International Trade Law 3
        • JD - general credits
        • LLM-ICL - general credits
        • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
        • International LLM, Environmental Law Certificate
        • International LLM, Business Law Certificate
        1. Spring 17
        2. Spring 18
        3. Spring 19
        • Final Exam
        • Class participation

        International trade and the World Trade Organization attract a lot of attention and debate. Why do almost all economists say that liberalizing trade flows is a good thing? Why do politicians – even ones who purportedly support free markets – often rail against import competition and "unfair trade"? How does trade liberalization interact with other public policy choices such as protecting the environment or promoting the economic development of poor countries? In this course, we will examine why the WTO exists, how it developed from the GATT and how it fits in the international economic order (Part I). The course will offer you an in-depth, practical knowledge of substantive WTO law drawing heavily on case law. It will address the basic principles of trade in goods and trade in services, as well as some of the more specialized WTO agreements on, for example on trade remedies (subsidies, anti-dumping and safeguards). From a more procedural side, the course will pay close attention to the unique WTO mechanism for the solution of global trade disputes, with special reference again to recent and ongoing cases (Part II). It will conclude by examining U.S. trade law – particularly the widely-used trade remedies laws – and assessing not only the practice of international trade law in the United States, but also whether these laws actually achieve their supposed policy objectives (Part III). Although this course will necessarily address key principles and theories undergirding the international trade law system, one of its driving themes will be the actual practice of this discipline in the United States and at the WTO. The course will be graded based on class participation and an open-book final exam.

        363

        Legislation and Statutory Interpretation 3
        • JD - general credits
        • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
        1. Spring 17
        2. Spring 18
        3. Fall 18
        • Final Exam

        Legislation is one of the most important forms of law in modern American society. Indeed, it has been said that we are living in an 'age of statutes.' Almost every aspect of legal practice involves construction of statutes, whether defining the jurisdiction of the courts or establishing the norms to which society must conform. In this course, we will examine the legal theory and practice of the making and enforcement of statutes. The course will begin with a study of the legislative process, with special attention to theories that seek to understand why some bills succeed where others fail. The next unit of the course will consider statutes as a unique source of law, comparing them to the common law and the Constitution. We will then move to the heart of the course, which will focus on how judges and other legal actors (agencies, enforcers, etc.) interpret statutes. There will be a take-home final for this course.

        368

        Natural Resources Law and Policy 2
        • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP)
        • JD - general credits
        • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
        • International LLM, Environmental Law Certificate
        • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
        1. Spring 17
        • Final Exam, option
        • Final research paper (25+ pages in length), option

        The law of how we use nature - timber, mining, bioversity, fisheries, water rights, and agriculture. Also an introduction to the historical and constitutional geography of American public lands: the national parks, forests, wilderness system, and grazing lands, and disputes over federal versus local control of these. There is special attention to the historical and political origins of our competing ideas of how nature matters and what we should do with it, from economically productive use to outdoor recreation to preserving the natural world for its own sake. Attention also to the complicated interplay of science and law.

        375

        International Intellectual Property 3
        • JD - general credits
        • LLM-ICL - general credits
        • JD-LLM-LE - general credits
        • LLM-LE (1 year) - general credits
        • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
        • International LLM, Intellectual Property Certificate
        1. Spring 17
        2. Fall 17
        • Final Exam

        This course surveys international intellectual property law as reconfigured by the new universal standards of protection embodied in the TRIPS Agreement (Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights), which is a component of the Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization of 1994. Although some contextual materials on trade policy will be read, the course will not focus on general principles of international trade law. Rather, it will focus on the legal and economic implications of the new international intellectual property standards in the light of prior Conventions, with particular regard to such topics as patents; copyrights and related rights (including software, databases, sound recordings); trademarks; integrated circuit designs; trade secrets; and industrial designs. The new WIPO treaties (Dec. 1996) governing copyright law in cyberspace will also be covered. Other topics will include the interface with antitrust law; the enforcement provisions (i.e., civil and criminal due process); dispute resolution (including all the new WTO decisions on intellectual property); and the overall implications for global competition between developed and developing countries in an integrated world market.

        376

        Combatants, Brigands, Rebels, and States: The Law of Transnational Terrorism 3
        • JD - general credits
        • LLM-ICL - general credits
        • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
        1. Spring 17
        2. Spring 18
        3. Fall 18
        • Final Exam
        • Class participation

        Since September 11, 2001, transnational terrorism has been treated as both crime and war.  Accordingly, the U.S. and other states have captured and held members of Al Qaeda and associated forces as law-of-war detainees, targeted such individuals in major military operations and surgical strikes on the territories of (certain) third-party states, and have prosecuted suspected members of those groups, for “terrorism” offenses and for “war crimes,” in civilian courts and military tribunals.  This course will explore the reasons for this novel development and consider its ramifications for public international law, the law of war, and U.S. constitutional law.  

        The reasons for the peculiar legal posture of transnational terrorism are best understood in the context of broader trends in the history of international law.  In 1880, a leading international law treatise stated as axiomatic that “[p]rima facie, a state is responsible for all acts . . . within its territory by which another state is injuriously affected.”  By 2007, the International Court of Justice, ruling on states’ duties under the Genocide Convention, stressed that the Court did not “purport to find whether . . . there is a general obligation on states to prevent the commission . . . of acts contrary to . . . norms of general international law.”  The intervening century had witnessed a diminution in the recognition and enforcement of interstate duties and an increase in states’ acting directly on alien individuals in foreign territories.  Those trends were reflected in claims to a “protective principle” of extraterritorial criminal jurisdiction over aliens in the nineteenth century, the addition of “targeted sanctions” against aliens abroad at the close of the twentieth century, and the emergence, most recently, of “targeted killing” of—or, more broadly, “armed conflict” against—private actors abroad in the twenty-first century.  
         
        The course will examine the implications of these developments for the interstate system itself, the law of war (in particular, the distinction between combatants and civilians that forms the core of the jus in bello), and the structures of the U.S. Constitution governing war, crime, and military jurisdiction.

        380

        Research Methods in International, Foreign and Comparative Law 1
        • JD - general credits
        • LLM-ICL - required courses
        • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
        1. Spring 17
        2. Spring 18
        3. Spring 19
        • Practical exercises
        • In-class exercise
        • Class participation
        • Other

        This one-credit seminar in advanced legal research introduces students to specific sources and strategies for international, foreign, and comparative legal research. It covers key primary and secondary sources in both print and electronic formats, including freely available and subscription-based resources. The subjects examined include treaty law, the law of international organizations, European Union law, civil law and other foreign legal systems, as well as selected topics in international private law. The course emphasizes the research process, strategies, and evaluation of print and online sources in a changing information environment. This course is required for students enrolled in the J.D./LL.M. in Comparative and International Law and open to other students (2L and 3L) with the instructor's permission. The class will meet for eight 90-minute sessions. Grades will be based on in-class and take-home exercises, class participation, and a final research project.

        398

        Juvenile Courts & Delinquency 2
        • JD - general credits
        • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
        • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
        • Final Exam

        This course examines legal responses to minors who break the law. It opens with a discussion of the development of the American juvenile court, which can be divided into three periods, beginning with the establishment of the Chicago Juvenile Court in 1899. It considers jurisdictional issues—when does the juvenile court have the authority to act? When and how do adult criminal courts assert jurisdiction over minors?—as well as questions concerning the application of traditional criminal law rules and doctrines, particularly those regarding the mens rea requirement, to offenses by minors. It explores the law that governs investigatory encounters and pretrial procedures as well as pre-adjudication processes (i.e., intake and detention) in the context of juvenile court. It then examines modern juvenile court practice, adjudication, and disposition with a discussion of the role of lawyers for children in delinquency matters.

        Taking this courses affords the opportunity to delve deeper by enrolling concurrently in Law 692, Juvenile Courts Practicum.

        402

        HIV / AIDS Policy Clinic 3
        • JD - general credits
        • JD - experiential learning
        • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
        • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
        • Public Interest Certificate: Experiential Requirement
        1. Spring 17
        2. Fall 17
        3. Spring 18
        4. Fall 18
        5. Spring 19
        • Reflection Papers
        • Final paper (10+ pages in length)
        • Group project
        • Class participation

        Students in this clinic will focus on policy work rather than direct client representation. Students will work on policy initiatives aimed at increasing access to quality, comprehensive health care for low-income individuals living with chronic illnesses like HIV/AIDS. The policy work will focus on barriers to access to care and prevention, including implementation of health care reform in North Carolina, funding disparities throughout the Southern US, HIV-related stigma, criminalization of HIV, and access to HIV medications.. Students will work to inform policy recommendations and advocacy strategies at the national, regional, state and county levels in executive, legislative and regulatory arenas. Over the course of a semester, students can expect to accumulate a wealth of hands-on experience in current and emerging health policy issues on the state and federal level. Students will conduct legal and fact-based research to inform policy recommendations, produce in-depth reports, comment letters, presentations to policy makers, and draft legislation or regulatory guidance. Each student will focus on particular policy project(s) and will be required to spend a minimum of 100 hours on their clinic project(s). We will have regular group meetings with students and clinic faculty throughout the semester.

        Clinics Enrollment Policy

        IMPORTANT:
        Instructor permission is required for enrollment in the AIDS Policy Clinic. This course may not be dropped after the first class meeting.

        Instructor Permission Required for Enrollment
        To enroll in the Clinic, you must have successfully completed at least two semesters of Law School and have instructor permission. It is helpful to have had experience working on HIV/AIDS or other health health policy or related issues, or to have taken AIDS and the Law and/or the AIDS Legal Assistance Project.

        404

        Advanced HIV/AIDS Policy Clinic
        • JD - general credits
        • JD - experiential learning
        • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
        • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
        • Public Interest Certificate: Experiential Requirement
        1. Spring 18
        2. Spring 19
        • Reflection Papers
        • Final paper (10+ pages in length)
        • Group project
        • Class participation

        This clinic provides an opportunity for students who want to do advanced work after completing the HIV/AIDS Policy Clinic. Variable Credit.

        407

        Appellate Litigation Clinic (Fall) 3
        • JD - general credits
        • JD - experiential learning
        • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
        • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
        • Public Interest Certificate: Experiential Requirement
        1. Fall 16
        2. Fall 18

        Students seeking to enroll in the appellate clinic are strongly encouraged to contact Prof. Andrussier before enrolling.

        This is a year-long clinic, and enrollment is limited to third-year students (i.e., students enrolling in this clinic must have completed fourth semesters of law school). Because of the time necessary to handle an appeal through briefing and argument, this is a year-long clinic offering 3 credits in the fall and 2 credits in the spring, and each student must enroll in both semesters.

        For a practitioner, the appellate process focuses largely on researching and writing; thus most of the work in this clinic will entail researching and writing. Work will include reviewing the trial court record to identify appealable issues, conducting sophisticated legal research, drafting research memos, drafting appellate briefs, participating in tactical decision making, preparing the excerpts of record for the court of appeals, and preparing for oral argument if argument is scheduled. If oral argument is calendared during the academic year, a student may also argue the appeal, with client and court permission (only one student on a team can argue any appeal). In addition, the clinic director will meet with the students in a seminar setting early in the year to discuss appellate advocacy and the law necessary to handle the appellate work.

        It is helpful (though not required) to have previously taken appellate practice.  Students should not enroll in both courses simultaneously. It is recommended that students enrolling in this course have completed or have contemporaneously enrolled in the federal courts course.

        Important:

        • As with other clinics, this course may not be dropped after the first class meeting.
        • Clinic students represent real clients, enter appearances in court, and operate under court-imposed deadlines.  Consequently, if scheduling conflicts arise, work on a clinic case must take priority over extracurricular activities (such as moot court).
        • Because of tight court-imposed deadlines and the demands of appellate practice, this course requires students to be exceedingly flexible with their schedules and to dedicate significant amounts of time in the briefing process and in preparing for oral argument. The briefing schedule overlaps with fall break, and for reply briefs the schedule has often overlapped with a portion of winter break. Oral argument preparation has often overlapped with spring break, and indeed a court may calendar oral argument during or within days after spring break.  Hence the need for flexibility.
        • Like students in all other Duke clinics that meet in the fall, appellate clinic students must attend the all-day clinic intensive held on a Friday in early September.

        408

        Appellate Litigation Clinic (Spring) 2
        • JD - general credits
        • JD - experiential learning
        • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
        • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
        • Public Interest Certificate: Experiential Requirement
        1. Spring 19

        Students seeking to enroll in the appellate clinic are strongly encouraged to contact Prof. Andrussier before enrolling.

        This is a year-long clinic, and enrollment is limited to third-year students (i.e., students enrolling in this clinic must have completed fourth semesters of law school). Because of the time necessary to handle an appeal through briefing and argument, this is a year-long clinic offering 3 credits in the fall and 2 credits in the spring, and each student must enroll in both semesters.

        For a practitioner, the appellate process focuses largely on researching and writing; thus most of the work in this clinic will entail researching and writing. Work will include reviewing the trial court record to identify appealable issues, conducting sophisticated legal research, drafting research memos, drafting appellate briefs, participating in tactical decision making, preparing the excerpts of record for the court of appeals, and preparing for oral argument if argument is scheduled. If oral argument is calendared during the academic year, a student may also argue the appeal, with client and court permission (only one student on a team can argue any appeal). In addition, the clinic director will meet with the students in a seminar setting early in the year to discuss appellate advocacy and the law necessary to handle the appellate work.

        It is helpful (though not required) to have previously taken appellate practice.  Students should not enroll in both courses simultaneously. It is recommended that students enrolling in this course have completed or have contemporaneously enrolled in the federal courts course.

        Important:

        • As with other clinics, this course may not be dropped after the first class meeting.
        • Clinic students represent real clients, enter appearances in court, and operate under court-imposed deadlines.  Consequently, if scheduling conflicts arise, work on a clinic case must take priority over extracurricular activities (such as moot court).
        • Because of tight court-imposed deadlines and the demands of appellate practice, this course requires students to be exceedingly flexible with their schedules and to dedicate significant amounts of time in the briefing process and in preparing for oral argument. The briefing schedule overlaps with fall break, and for reply briefs the schedule has often overlapped with a portion of winter break. Oral argument preparation has often overlapped with spring break, and indeed a court may calendar oral argument during or within days after spring break.  Hence the need for flexibility.
        • Like students in all other Duke clinics that meet in the fall, appellate clinic students must attend the all-day clinic intensive held on a Friday in early September.

        416

        Children's Law Clinic
        • JD - general credits
        • JD - experiential learning
        • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
        • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
        • Public Interest Certificate: Experiential Requirement
        1. Fall 16
        2. Spring 17
        3. Fall 17
        4. Spring 18
        5. Fall 18
        6. Spring 19
        • Practical exercises
        • In-class exercise
        • Live-client representation and case management
        • Class participation

        Students in this course participate in a legal clinic focused on the representation of low income children and their parents. While the majority of cases will focus on school-related matters, students may also participate in cases involving other issues relating to the health and well-being of children, such as government benefits and limited family law. Students will have an individual case load and will be closely supervised by clinic faculty. Various case assignments can involve client interviewing and counseling, negotiation, informal advocacy, and litigation in administrative hearings or court. Students must attend a two-hour seminar once per week, with associated preparation. Students work on clinic cases approximately 10-12 hours a week, for a minimum of 125 hours of legal work during the semester for 5 credits and 100 hours for 4 credits. There is no paper and no exam. Students must be in at least their fourth semester of law school to enroll in the clinic due to state student practice rules. Education Law is recommended, but not required. Students must meet the legal ethics graduation requirement either before or during enrollment in the Children's Law Clinic. (see Clinics Enrollment Policy).

        Important:

        • This course may not be dropped after the first class meeting.
        • *Variable Credit: 4-5 credits upon student selection*
        • Students MUST be able to attend the day-long clinic intensive training session to enroll in this course.
        • International LLM students who wish to enroll in a clinic must seek the permission of the clinic's faculty director prior to the enrollment period. Permission is required to enroll but permission does not constitute entry into the clinic.

        Ethics Requirement

        • Students are required to have instruction in the Model Rules of Professional Conduct prior to, or during, enrollment in the Children's Law Clinic. The following ethics classes meet the requirement: Ethics of Social Justice Lawyering (LAW 237), Ethics and the Law of Lawyering (LAW 238), Ethics and the Law of Lawyering in Civil Litigation (LAW 239), Criminal Justice Ethics (LAW 317) and Ethics in Action (LAW 539).

        417

        Advanced Children's Law Clinic 3
        • JD - general credits
        • JD - experiential learning
        • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
        • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
        • Public Interest Certificate: Experiential Requirement
        1. Spring 17
        2. Fall 17
        3. Spring 18
        4. Fall 18
        5. Spring 19
        • Practical exercises
        • Live-client representation and case management

        This three-credit course is available to students who have participated in one semester in the Children's Law Clinic, and wish to participate for a second semester. Students may enroll only with approval of the Director of the Clinic. Placements may be available in the event that the clinic is not fully enrolled with first-time participants, and in exceptional situations, when the clinic director determines it would be in the best interest of the clinic to make an exception to the usual maximum enrollment. Students enrolled in Advanced Clinical Studies are required to participate fully in the case work portion of the clinic, performing a minimum of 125 hours of client representation work, but will not be required to attend the class sessions.

        435

        First Amendment Clinic 4
        • JD - general credits
        • JD - experiential learning
        • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
        1. Fall 18
        2. Spring 19
        • Live-client representation and case management

        This clinic will develop counseling, litigation, and legal commentary skills in the context of working on actual cases and issues involving the First Amendment freedoms of speech, press, assembly and petition.  We will advise and represent individuals and groups with First Amendment concerns or claims who cannot afford the assistance of lawyers with specialized First Amendment expertise.  We will also provide commentary and legal analysis on pending or enacted legislation that implicates First Amendment freedoms, and other governmental as well as academic developments.  Students will be directly supervised by the Clinic Director and the First Amendment Fellow.  All enrolled students will be required to work a minimum of 100 hours a semester with clients or in other professional activities such as answering questions from journalists or analyzing and preparing commentary on pending legislation, as well as to participate in the weekly class and training sessions. Students must be in at least their fourth semester of law school to enroll in the clinic.  Either First Amendment or Defamation and Privacy is a prerequisite or corequisite.

         

        Important:

        This course may not be dropped after the first class meeting.

        Students must be able to attend the day-long clinic intensive training session to enroll in this course.

         

        437

        International Human Rights Clinic 5
        • JD - general credits
        • JD - experiential learning
        • LLM-ICL - general credits
        • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
        • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
        • Public Interest Certificate: Experiential Requirement
        1. Fall 16
        2. Spring 17
        3. Fall 17
        4. Spring 18
        5. Fall 18
        6. Spring 19
        • Reflection Papers
        • Final paper (10+ pages in length)
        • Group project
        • Class participation

        The International Human Rights Clinic provides students with an opportunity to critically engage with human rights issues, strategies, tactics, institutions, and law in both domestic and international settings. Through the weekly seminar and fieldwork, students will develop practical tools for human rights advocacy—such as fact-finding, litigation, indicators, reporting, and messaging—that integrate inter-disciplinary methods and maximize the use of new technologies. Students will also develop core competencies related to managing trauma in human rights work, as well as the ethical and accountability challenges in human rights lawyering. Types of clinic projects include those that: apply a human rights framework to domestic issues; involve human rights advocacy abroad; engage with international institutions to advance human rights; and/or address human rights in U.S. foreign policy. Students work closely with local organizations, international NGOs, and U.N. human rights experts and bodies. Some travel will likely be involved. Student project teams will also meet at least once a week with the clinic instructors. Students work on clinic projects approximately 10-12 hours a week, for a minimum of 125 hours of clinical work during the semester.  This course may not be dropped after the first class meeting.

        443

        Environmental Law and Policy Clinic 4
        • JD - general credits
        • JD - experiential learning
        • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
        • International LLM, Environmental Law Certificate
        • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
        • Public Interest Certificate: Experiential Requirement
        1. Fall 16
        2. Spring 17
        3. Fall 17
        4. Spring 18
        5. Fall 18
        6. Spring 19
        • Group project
        • Practical exercises
        • Live-client representation and case management
        • Class participation

        Under the supervision of the clinical faculty, students will work on current case and policy advocacy priorities as determined by the Clinic's Intake Board. Cases and issues undertaken by the Clinic may include the following subject areas: water quality, air quality, natural resources conservation, endangered species, agriculture, sustainable development, public trust resources and environmental justice. Practical skills training will emphasize skills needed to counsel clients, examine witnesses and to advocate effectively in rulemaking and litigation settings. Generally, students may only enroll in the clinic for 1 semester, but may enroll for 2 semesters with the permission of the instructor if space permits. All enrolled students will be required to provide a minimum of 100 hours of work per semester to the clinic. In addition, students must participate in weekly group training meetings as well. The clinic office is located in the law school building. Law students must be in at least their fourth semester of law school to enroll in the clinic. Nicholas School students must be in at least their second semester.

        Clinics Enrollment Policy

        Important:

        • This course may not be dropped after the first class meeting.
        • Students MUST be able to attend the day-long clinic intensive training session to enroll in this course.
        • International LLM students who wish to enroll in a clinic must seek the permission of the clinic's faculty director prior to the enrollment period. Permission is required to enroll but permission does not constitute entry into the clinic.

        Ethics Requirement

        Students are required to have instruction in the Model Rules of Professional Conduct prior to, or during, enrollment in the Environmental Law and Policy Clinic. The following ethics classes meet the requirement: Ethics of Social Justice Lawyering (LAW 237), Ethics and the Law of Lawyering (LAW 238), Ethics and the Law of Lawyering in Civil Litigation (LAW 239), Criminal Justice Ethics (LAW 317) and Ethics in Action (LAW 539).

        443A

        Advanced Environmental Law and Policy
        • JD - general credits
        • JD - experiential learning
        • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
        1. Fall 16
        2. Spring 17
        3. Fall 17
        4. Spring 18
        5. Fall 18
        6. Spring 19
        • Group project
        • Practical exercises
        • Live-client representation and case management
        • Class participation

        This variable-credit course is available to students who have participated in one semester in the Environmental Law and Policy Clinic, and wish to participate for a second semester. Students may enroll only with approval of the Director of the Clinic. Placements may be available in the event that the clinic is not fully enrolled with first-time participants, and in exceptional situations, when the clinic director determines it would be in the best interest of the clinic to make an exception to the usual maximum enrollment. Students enrolled in Advanced Clinical Studies are required to participate fully in the case work portion of the clinic, performing at least 100 hours of client representation work (or more, depending on credit hours), but will not be required to attend the class sessions.

        448

        Guantanamo Defense Clinic 4
        • JD - general credits
        • JD - experiential learning
        • LLM-ICL - general credits
        • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
        • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
          • Oral presentation
          • Practical exercises
          • Final research paper (25+ pages in length)
          • Class participation

          Students in the Guantánamo Defense Clinic will assist in the defense of Khalid Shaikh Mohammad, the named defendant in the "9/11 case" before the military commissions at Guantanamo Bay. Clinic students will work with clinic professors and defense counsel to analyze legal issues posed by the case, construct case theories and strategies, and prepare court filings and arguments.


          "Standdown"—a two-day intensive training seminar—will be held over a weekend at the beginning of the semester.  Students should check the Academic Calendar to confirm the Standdown dates.


          The class will meet, thereafter, during its weekly class period (Thursdays, 10:30am-12:20pm), with additional team meetings scheduled as required.


          The course requires a minimum of 100 hours of work, apart from the scheduled training seminar and class meetings.


          Clinic Contact Information:
          Phone: 919.613.7049
          Fax: 919.613.7231

          448B

          Advanced Guantanamo Defense Clinic 2
          • JD - general credits
          • JD - experiential learning
          • LLM-ICL - general credits
          • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
          • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
            • Final research paper (25+ pages in length)
            • Oral presentation
            • Practical exercises
            • Class participation
            Course requirements: Each student will perform a minimum of 50 hours of clinic work.

            Prerequisite: Guantanamo Defense Clinic.

            471

            Science Regulation Lab 2
            • JD - general credits
            • JD - experiential learning
            • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
            • International LLM, Environmental Law Certificate
            1. Spring 17
            2. Spring 18
            3. Spring 19

            SciReg Lab teaches students about the use of emerging science and technology in the regulatory agencies and courts through the drafting and submission of comments to federal rule-makings and amicus briefs. The briefs and comments will be unaligned with any party and are intended to provide the regulatory agencies and courts with unbiased, current, accurate and coherent information about the science underlying the proposed rule or pending case. The course is cross-listed in the Law School and Graduate School and the students will be drawn from the sciences, ethics, policy and law to work in interdisciplinary teams. The course will begin with a brief overview of notice-and-comment rulemaking, appellate court practice and the role of amicus briefs, and how to translate scientific information into the language of courts and agencies. The ethical issues presented by this process will be an important component of the course content. With the assistance of faculty, the students will track pending rulemakings and court cases and select a proceeding or case in which to file a comment or brief. A background in science is recommended, but not required.

            493

            Wrongful Convictions Clinic 4
            • JD - general credits
            • JD - experiential learning
            • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
            • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
            • Public Interest Certificate: Experiential Requirement
            1. Fall 16
            2. Spring 17
            3. Fall 17
            4. Spring 18
            5. Fall 18
            6. Spring 19
            • Practical exercises
            • In-class exercise
            • Live-client representation and case management
            • Class participation

            The Wrongful Convictions Clinic investigates North Carolina prisoners' claims of actual innocence and wrongful conviction. Students typically work in teams of two on one inmate's case. Among other things, the teams meet with the client (in prison), read and digest trial transcripts, interview witnesses, consult with experts, prepare investigative and legal strategies, and, if the case is ready, prepare the comprehensive Motion for Appropriate Relief to have the client's conviction overturned. The seminar component of the Clinic examines the principal problems that lead to the conviction of the innocent and the leading proposals for reform, including mistaken eyewitness identification, false confessions, faulty forensic evidence, the role of forensic DNA testing, post-conviction remedies for innocence claims, the use of "jailhouse snitches" and other cooperating witnesses, incompetent defense counsel, and police and prosecutorial misconduct. The seminar also includes skills-training sessions, during which students gain training in negotiation, interviewing, writing, and more. During the semester, students are required to perform a minimum of 100 hours of client work (in addition to weekly seminar preparation and attendance). Students must also attend the Clinic Intensive Training Day scheduled early in the semester, which is conducted collectively with the other Duke Law Clinics.

            501

            Civil Litigation in U.S. Federal Courts: Transnational Issues 2
            • JD - general credits
            • LLM-ICL - general credits
            • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
            1. Spring 17
            2. Fall 17
            3. Spring 19
            • Final Exam

            This course analyzes civil suits in U.S. federal courts that raise cross-border, international and foreign legal issues. Specific topics covered include transnational jurisdiction, international forum selection, transborder choice of law, extraterritorial application of U.S. law, federal rules for service of process and discovery of evidence abroad, the special treatment of foreign governments as parties, and recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments.

            504

            Critical Race Theory 2
            • JD - general credits
            • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
            • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
            1. Spring 18
            2. Spring 19
            • Reflection Papers
            • Final paper (10+ pages in length)
            • Oral presentation
            • Class participation

            Critical race theory (CRT), a scholarly movement that began in the 1980s, challenges both the substance and style of conventional legal scholarship.  Substantively, critical race scholars (“race crits”) reject formal equality, individual rights, and color-blind approaches to solving legal problems.  Stylistically, race crits often employ new methodologies for legal scholarship, including storytelling and narrative.  This course introduces CRT’s core principles and explores its possibilities and limitations.  With a heavy focus on writings that shaped the movement, the course will examine the following concepts and theories: storytelling, interest convergence theory, the social construction of race, the black-white paradigm, the myth of the model minority, intersectionality, essentialism, working identity, covering, whiteness and white privilege, colorblindness, microaggressions, and implicit bias.  Students will apply these theories and frameworks to cases and topics dealing with, among other things, first amendment freedoms, affirmative action, employment discrimination, and criminal disparities and inequities.  The course affords students an opportunity to think about the ways in which racism, sexism, classism, and heterosexism are inextricably interwoven as well as an opportunity to challenge critically our most basic assumptions about race, law, and justice.

            508

            Chinese Law and Society 2
            • JD - general credits
            • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP)
            • LLM-ICL - general credits
            • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits

            This course will survey law and legal practice in the People's Republic of China. Particular attention is given to the interaction of legal institutions with social change, politics, and economic development. Specific topics include, among others, the Party State, state capitalism, the judiciary, property law and development, criminal law and procedure, media (especially the internet), business and investment law, labor law, and major schools of Chinese legal and political thought. Some class discussions will involve interaction with students or faculty from the PRC. Prior familiarity with Chinese history or politics is unnecessary. All course materials will be in English.


            Course requirements include regular participation in class discussion, one or two reading reports, and a final research paper. This paper will satisfy the LLM writing requirement, and, with permission, can be used for the JD writing requirement as well.

            511

            International Criminal Law 3
            • JD - general credits
            • LLM-ICL - general credits
            • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
            1. Spring 17
            2. Spring 19
            • Final Exam

            "An international crime," wrote eminent legal scholar George Schwarzenberger in 1950, "presupposes the existence of an international criminal law.  Such a branch of international law does not exist."  This course will begin by probing the concept of international criminal law.  What does it mean to say that certain conduct constitutes an "international crime"? What are the objectives of such a legal regime?  We will then examine the law of genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity, aggression, torture, "terrorism" offenses, and drug trafficking.  Particular attention will be focused on the issue of jurisdiction over those offenses (and immunities to such jurisdiction), including the jurisdiction of domestic criminal courts, military tribunals (such as the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg after World War II, and the current military commissions at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba) and international criminal courts (such as the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda, and the International Criminal Court).

            512

            Medicine and Law 2
            • JD - general credits
            • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP)
            • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
            • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
              This 2-credit seminar considers the application of law to medicine and the tensions that arise as a result, both in practice and as these tensions implicate differences between medical ethics and legal norms. The topics covered will include the history and modern status of medical ethics rules and the institutions that govern and operationalize them; medical privacy in the HIPAA context; clinical research and the consent process; the (medical malpractice) standard of care and medical errors; scarce resources including medicines and organs; infectious disease (e.g., Ebola) protocols; living wills and medical powers of attorney; the concept of medical "futility"; and choosing and defining death.

              Grades will be based on class preparedness and participation including one-page reflection papers due before most class sessions, and a final research paper. In total, students will turn in ten reflection papers, i.e., one for each of ten of the thirteen class sessions. Final papers for those not taking the class for writing credit must be 20-25 pages in length. Final papers for those taking the class for writing credit must be between 25 and 30 pages in length and must otherwise comply with the requirements for obtaining such credit.

              It is recommended that students take this course in conjunction with Law 524, Health and Medical Research for Lawyers, a one-credit advanced research seminar which emphasizes the topics covered in this course, i.e., in Law 512.

              513

              Murder Trials: Real-World Lessons in Persuasive Advocacy 2
              • JD - general credits
              • JD - experiential learning
              • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
              1. Spring 19

              Credits earned in this seminar, grounded in simulating participation in certain aspects of a murder trial, apply to the experiential learning requirement for graduation. The course's backbone will be real first-degree murder cases that resulted in conviction and the death penalty. Simulations in the form of class exercises and writing assignments will be based upon those high-stake cases' actual evidence, defense and prosecuting attorneys' decisions and actions, and the controlling constitutional and evidentiary law. The simulations will include but not be limited to attorneys' brainstorming to make tactical decisions, composing jury selection questions to pick a "fair" but "death-qualified" jury, and writing and presenting opening statements and closing arguments. In the simulated activities, students will learn to practice the art of persuasive, zealous advocacy in the face of challenges to professionalism, ethical dilemmas, and complex tactical choices. Lessons about advocacy, though learned in the context of death penalty cases' memorable circumstances, apply equally to students' future practice in transactional or civil litigation practice.

              518

              Constitutional Law II: Historical Cases and Contemporary Controversies 2
              • JD - general credits
              • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP)
              • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
              1. Spring 17
              • Final research paper (25+ pages in length)

              Federal constitutional law is deeply shaped by its history. Many of our hot-button issues emerged in the early Republic: the specific questions are often different but the basic disagreements and arguments are startlingly modern.  The modern “canon” of US Supreme Court cases through which constitutional law is taught is an abstraction from this history.  Even if this is mostly unavoidable, the result is that in important ways our understanding of constitutional history, and thus of contemporary constitutional law as well, is distorted.  In this course we will look at a series of contemporary issues  - such as freedom of speech and religion, unenumerated rights, and federalism, through the lens provided by cases and controversies in the first century of the Constitution’s existence that for the most part have dropped out of our field of vision.  Our goal is not simply to develop a deeper understanding of the constitutional past but just as importantly to acquire fresh perspectives on contemporary law.

              520

              Climate Change and the Law 2
              • JD - general credits
              • LLM-ICL - general credits
              • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
              • International LLM, Environmental Law Certificate
              • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
              1. Spring 17
              2. Spring 18
              3. Spring 19
              • Reflection Papers
              • Final paper (10+ pages in length)
              • In-class exercise
              • Class participation

              This 2-credit seminar will examine global climate change and the range of actual and potential responses by legal institutions – primarily at the international treaty level and in the United States, with attention as well to the law in Europe, Australia, China, Brazil, and elsewhere.

              We will compare alternative approaches that could be taken by the legal regime to address climate change: the choice of policy instrument (e.g., emissions taxes, allowance trading, technology R&D, prescriptive regulation, reducing deforestation, geoengineering, adaptation); the spatial scale (global, regional, national, local); the time scale (precautionary or adaptive, over decades or centuries); and key normative criteria for policy choice. We will also examine the actual legal measures that have been adopted so far to manage climate change: the international agreements such as the Framework Convention on Climate Change (1992), its Kyoto Protocol (1997), and the results of follow-on meetings such as Copenhagen (2009), Cancun (2010), Durban (2011), Doha (2012), Warsaw (2013), and the Paris Agreement (2015); and the policies undertaken by the US, Europe, Australia, China, Brazil, and other key countries. In the US, we will study national (federal) and sub-national (state and local) policies, including: legislative proposals in the US Congress; the US Supreme Court's decisions in Massachusetts v. EPA (2007), and Connecticut v. AEP (2011), addressing issues including standing to sue, statutory interpretation, delegation, administrative discretion, comparative institutional competence, and statutory preemption of common law; administrative regulation by US EPA under the current Clean Air Act; other federal laws such as the ESA and NEPA; state-level action by California, RGGI, and others; and common-law tort liability applied to climate change.

              Questions we will discuss include: How effective and efficient are the policies being proposed and adopted? How do actions at the national and international levels affect each other (e.g. reinforcing or conflicting)? Can current institutions deal with a problem as enormous, complex, long-term, uncertain, and multi-faceted as climate change? What roles do changing scientific and economic understanding play in evolving legal responses? How do institutions and the public respond to potential but inchoate catastrophes? Will dealing with mega-problems necessitate or lead to basic changes in legal institutions? Should the US states be acting? Should you buy personal carbon offsets? Should the US have joined Kyoto, or have organized a parallel regime of major emitters, or have done something else? How should we appraise FCCC/Kyoto process so far? What will follow from the 2015 Paris Agreement, and how should it be implemented? What are the best ways to engage countries in international cooperation? What principles of international and intergenerational justice should guide efforts to control climate change? How should aggregate social well-being, and distributional equity for the world's poor, shape climate change policy? Should greenhouse gas emitters (countries, businesses, consumers) be legally liable or responsible to compensate victims for their losses? What is the best mix of mitigation (prevention) and adaptation (resilience)? How will climate policy be influenced by geopolitical changes such as the rise of China and India, and a shift from the US as lone superpower to a more multipolar world of several great powers? How will technological change affect law and policy, and how should the law seek to promote technological change? How should the legal system learn and remain adaptable to new information over time? What threats, challenges, and opportunities might climate change pose to legal and political systems?

              Students must read the assigned materials in advance of class, and participate in class discussion. Each student will submit a short (5-6 page) paper, addressing the week's readings (and adding outside research), for three (3) of the 12 class sessions (not counting the first class session). A sign-up sheet will be circulated at the beginning of the course for students to select the 3 topics/class sessions for which they will submit these 3 short papers (so that these papers are spread across the semester). In addition, each student will write a longer research paper (15 pages), due at the end of the semester. Grades will be based on: 33% class participation, 33% the 3 short papers, and 33% the longer paper.

              The Syllabus with weekly assignments, and the Resources (readings), will be posted on the Sakai site. (There is no textbook for this course; all readings will be posted on the Sakai site.)

              523

              Finance in Asia: Institutions, Regulations and Policy 1
              • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP)
              • JD – Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP), add-on credit
              • JD - general credits
              • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
              1. Spring 17
              • Reflection Papers
              • Class participation

              The global economy and financial system are undergoing a profound transformation in the twenty-first century with the rise of Asia, most particularly China. This course will consider finance in the region and its implications for the global financial system. Following an introduction to the evolution of finance in Asia and its role in the global economy, the course will consider the role of Asia in international financial arrangements such as the Group of 20 (G20) and International Monetary Fund (IMF), regional financial regulatory arrangements (focusing on the major financial centers such as Hong Kong and Singapore), China’s financial internationalization (in particular of the RMB, the Belt and Road Initiative and the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank [AIIB]), and the impact of technology on finance in the region (with a focus on China and India).

              The class will be conducted as an interactive seminar. Student grades will be based on participation (10%) and a series of 3 papers (approximately 5 pages each) on specific topics throughout the course (90%). For those wishing a second credit, there is the option of an additional 25+ page seminar paper due at the end of the semester. (Students should enroll in Law 523W if they plan write the 25+ page paper.)

              523W

              Finance in Asia: Institutions, Regulations and Policy / Writing Credit 1
              • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP)
              • JD - general credits
              • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
              1. Spring 17
              • Final research paper (25+ pages in length)

              Students enrolled in Law 523 Finance in Asia: Institutions, Regulations, and Policy, may earn an additional credit by writing an additional 25+ page paper, due at the end of the semester . *LAW 523W must be added no later than 7th week of class.*

              527

              Access to Medicines: Intellectual Property and Global Public Health 2
              • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP), option
              • JD - general credits
              • LLM-ICL - general credits
              • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
              • International LLM, Intellectual Property Certificate
              • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
              1. Spring 17
              2. Spring 18
              • Final Exam, option
              • Final research paper (25+ pages in length), option

              This 2 credit seminar examines the law and policy governing the availability, price and development of medicines worldwide, providing an overview of the international legal frameworks, national regulations, and innovation policies affecting access to existing medicines and the development of future treatments for global health. It encourages students to critically examine current international law governing pharmaceutical innovation and to engage in efforts to improve incentives for the pharmaceutical sector to better meet global health needs. This seminar is open to non-law graduate students depending on space and prior experience. Students may take a final take-home exam or write a 30 page paper. 

              Note: An additional credit is available for students writing a 45 page paper.  Students wishing to take this option should enroll in Law 527W Access to Medicines Writing Credit and must be enrolled no later than the 7th week of class.

              527W

              Access to Medicines Writing Credit 1
              • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP)
              • JD - general credits
              • International LLM, Intellectual Property Certificate
              1. Spring 18
              • Add on credit

              While enrolled in Law 527 Access to Medicines: Intellectual Property and Global Public Health, students have the option to take an additional 1 credit if they wish to write a 45 page paper. *LAW 527W MUST be added no later than 7th week of class.*

              528

              Capital Punishment 2
              • JD - general credits
              • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
              • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
              • Reflection Papers
              • Class participation
              This seminar course examines the social, moral, and legal implications of capital punishment, with a particular focus on decisions of the Supreme Court since the early 1970s. Main themes of the course will include: jury selection; the allocation of decisionmaking authority between judges and juries; the right to counsel in death cases; the role of aggravating and mitigating factors; efforts to limit the arbitrary or racially discriminatory application of the death penalty; the rules governing juveniles and the mentally ill; the federal death penalty; the influence and relevance of foreign practice; and constitutional challenges to methods of execution.

              535

              Comparative Corporate Law 2
              • JD - general credits
              • LLM-ICL - general credits
              • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
              • International LLM, Business Law Certificate
              1. Fall 17
              • Reflection Papers
              • Final paper (10+ pages in length)
              • Class participation

              This is a reading seminar, which will be conducted by interactive class discussions, which will utilize heavily comparative approaches. We will start with the U.S. style corporate law theories and practices, and then discuss on how they are actually applied or rejected throughout the world, particularly in the United Kingdom, Continental Europe, and East Asia. The goal of this course is not merely to compare legal institutions of different legal origins. Rather, this course intends to consider several core problems with modern business association, and ask why and how different rules have been developed across the countries. There would be no clear answers, but such discussions will enhance our understanding of corporate law as well as capitalism in general. For these purpose, readings are carefully edited from three articles: roughly, one is associated with the United States, another with the Continental Europe (including the United Kingdom, if any), and the other with the East Asia (mostly Japan and Korea). Due to the time constraint, however, only a handful of core issues and selected papers will be assigned and discussed in class. More advanced theoretical issues on corporate governance will be covered by another corporate governance course. Instead, we will focus on controlling families and corporate group, different schemes of corporate monitoring (directors and institutional shareholders) across the countries, flexibility of corporate finance rules in terms of creditor protection, and finally, dramatic differences of takeover markets. Although the readings sometimes employed economic reasoning, the course requires only a basic understanding of microeconomics.

              536

              The Presidency and Criminal Investigations 1
              • JD – Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP), add-on credit
              • JD - general credits
              • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
              1. Spring 18
              • Reflection Papers
              • Final paper (10+ pages in length)
              • Class participation

              Recent developments have brought to the fore a collection of legal issues, some novel and others dormant for many years, relating to the interaction of the criminal investigative process with the White House and the presidency.  The seminar will discuss the legal boundaries around the criminal justice process’s interaction with the White House, while exploring larger themes about the office of the presidency and the constitutional structure of the national government.  The course will be structured around six relatively stand-alone topics:  (1) Independent and special counsels and their interaction with congressional investigations; (2) The grand jury, immunity, the Fifth Amendment privilege, and perjury/obstruction of justice, as they relate to White House investigations; (3) Representing the president:  attorney-client privilege, the White House counsel, and the private defense bar; (4) Executive privilege and potential executive immunity from indictment, trial, conviction and/or sentence; (5) The pardon power; and (6) The law of impeachment.
              Students will be expected to lead one class meeting discussion during the semester, and a total of 15 pages of writing will be required. Students may elect to write four response papers of approximately four pages each, or one longer paper at the end of the semester of at least 15 pages.  Students will receive feedback on both written expression and class participation. Students who plan significant research projects on related topics may register for a second credit, and this research project may be used to satisfy the upper-level writing requirement.

              536W

              The Presidency and Criminal Investigations, Writing 1
              • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP)
              • JD - general credits
              • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
              1. Spring 18
              • Final research paper (25+ pages in length)

              While enrolled in LAW 536 The Presidency and Criminal Investigations, students may submit a significant research paper and earn an additional one credit for the course. 

              537

              International Human Rights Advocacy Seminar 2
              • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP)
              • JD - general credits
              • LLM-ICL - general credits
              • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
              • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
              1. Fall 16
              2. Fall 17
              3. Fall 18

              This course critically assesses the field of international human rights advocacy, its institutions, strategies, and key actors. It explores how domestic, regional, and global human rights agendas are set; the ethical and accountability dilemmas that arise in human rights advocacy; and human rights advocacy concerning a range of actors, including governments, international institutions, and private actors.  Drawing on case studies within the United States and abroad, the course will also examine core human rights advocacy tactics, such as fact-finding, litigation, standard-setting, indicators, and reporting, and consider the opportunities and challenges of new technologies in human rights advocacy. Evaluation will be based on class participation and a final paper.

              This class is a pre-requisite or corequisite for Law 437 International Human Rights Clinic.

              544

              Advanced Topics in International Trade 2
              • JD - general credits
              • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP)
              • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits

                This seminar will explore recent scholarship related to international economics and international trade institutions (such as the WTO, the EU, and NAFTA).  Topics will include the domestic political economy of trade liberalization, trade remedy law, institutional design, and compliance with dispute resolution systems.  The seminar is designed to be highly participatory with students taking the lead in class discussions.  Some knowledge of international law is helpful but not required.  Grades are based on a series of papers written during the semester and class participation.

                Grade Basis:  Grades are based on the six short papers, your leadership of class discussion, and class participation.  There is no final exam and no final paper.  This course can be taken together with a 2 or 3 credit independent study to fulfill a writing requirement.

                545

                Urban Legal History 3
                • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP)
                • JD - general credits
                • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
                1. Fall 17
                • Final research paper (25+ pages in length)
                • Class participation

                Urban Legal History is a research seminar which will focus on the legal issues relating to Durham's political, social, and economic development. The class will involve intensive study of primary and secondary materials, and will require students to produce substantial (45 page) research papers.

                546

                International Law of Armed Conflict 3
                • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP)
                • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP), option
                • JD - general credits
                • LLM-ICL - general credits
                • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
                • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
                1. Spring 17
                2. Spring 18
                3. Spring 19
                • Reflection Papers
                • Final research paper (25+ pages in length)
                • Oral presentation
                • Class participation

                This seminar will examine the international law of armed conflict, and it focuses on the jus in bello context. Students will consider the rationale for the key concepts of the law of armed conflict, and examine their practical application in various contexts. Case studies (contemporary and historical) will be examined in conjunction with the topics covered. This historical context for the law of armed conflict agreements, the status of conflicts, combatants, and civilians, targeting, rules of engagement, war crimes, are all included among the topics the class will address. Students will be encouraged to relate legal and interdisciplinary sources in order to better understand the multi-faceted interaction between law and war. There is no examination for this course but a 30-page paper (constituting 65% of the grade) is required on a topic chosen by the student and approved by the instructor. Students desiring to use the course paper to fulfill Upper-Level and possibly other writing requirements must obtain instructor. The remainder of the grade (35%) is based on the quality and frequency of class participation. Students should be aware that this course may include discussion and visual depictions (still and video) of armed conflict and other acts of extreme violence. The textbook for this course is Gary D. Solis's "The Law of Armed Conflict: International Humanitarian Law in War" (2nd ed., 2016). This course will only be offered in the spring.

                552

                Law and Economics of Chinese Capitalism 2
                • JD - general credits
                • LLM-ICL - general credits
                • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
                • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
                1. Spring 19
                • Reflection Papers
                • Final paper (10+ pages in length)
                • Group project
                • Class participation

                China’s transformation from a planned economy to the most capitalist country in the world, despite the absence of a well-functioning legal system, at least from the western perspective, raises numerous questions. This seminar endeavors to understand Chinese capitalism from the law and economics perspective. What is the constitutional and private legal foundation of Chinese capitalism? What is the role of law in Chinese society and business? What roles has law played in the different stages of China’s market transition and different sectors of Chinese economy?  

                This course takes an integrative, evolutionary, and comparative approach. Firstly, it integrates studies of black-letter law with observations of Chinese society. In particular, it explores whether and how black-letter law is implemented in reality through a series of case studies in property, corporate governance, constitutional review, etc. Secondly, it investigates the evolution of Chinese law to deepen our understanding on Chinese law and also shed light on its future direction in a rapidly shifting environment. Thirdly, it takes China as a comparative case study to enhance our understanding of law and market institutions.

                555

                International Environmental Law 3
                • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP)
                • JD - general credits
                • LLM-ICL - general credits
                • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
                • International LLM, Environmental Law Certificate
                • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
                  • Final research paper (25+ pages in length)
                  • Class participation

                  This course provides a general introduction to international environmental law and policy. We will begin by exploring the economic, political, and legal concepts relevant to international environmental treaty regimes. We will then apply these concepts to concrete regimes designed to deal with specific international environmental problems, such as transboundary air pollution, atmospheric pollution, marine pollution, fisheries depletion, and biodiversity and habitat loss. The course focuses principally on the dynamic of treaties, negotiations, and state and non-state actors on the international plane, and much less on domestic legislation.

                  Grades will be awarded on the basis of class participation and a final paper. 

                  556

                  Second Amendment: History, Theory, and Practice 2
                  • JD - general credits
                  • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
                  • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
                  1. Spring 19

                  The Supreme Court's decisions in District of Columbia v. Heller and McDonald v. City of Chicago have ushered in a whole new era of Second Amendment theory, litigation, and politics. Current events keep issues of firearms, gun violence, gun safety, and self-defense constantly in the news. This seminar will explore the Second Amendment and the various state constitutional analogs historically, theoretically, and pragmatically. Students will be introduced to the historical and public policy materials surrounding the Second Amendment, the regulatory environment concerning firearms, and the political and legal issues pertaining to firearm rights-enforcement and policy design. Evaluation for the seminar will be based on eight short reaction papers and in-class participation.

                  558

                  Foreign Anti-Bribery Law 2
                  • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP)
                  • JD – Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP), add-on credit
                  • JD - general credits
                  • LLM-ICL - general credits
                  • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
                  1. Fall 18
                  • Reflection Papers
                  • Final paper (10+ pages in length)
                  • Oral presentation
                  • Class participation

                  Corruption is one of the major factors inhibiting economic development and undermining governmental legitimacy.  Developed governments generally enforce rules prohibiting domestic corruption, but have historically been less concerned with (and even encouraging of) foreign government corruption.  The United States passage of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act in 1977, which prohibits covered entities from bribing foreign officials, represents a major shift in this policy.  In the last fifteen years, most other major economies and economic institutions (the IMF, the World Bank) have followed suit, although enforcement has been inconsistent.  This seminar will examine the origins and evolution of this effort to regulate firms' relationships with foreign government officials.  The seminar explores the history, economics, and policy behind anti-corruption efforts and the major challenges ahead.  The seminar will engage academic articles that address the economic effects of corruption, the politics of anti-corruption enforcement, the variation in current anti-bribery agreements (the UN Convention Against Corruption and the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention), and influence of these rules on foreign investment and trade.  The seminar is designed to be very participatory, with students leading discussion.  

                  Students will be evaluated on a series of critique papers, leading a class discussion, and class participation. If students wish to write a paper on a topic related to the course materials, they may request the opportunity to complete an additional one or two credit independent study.  A final paper cannot replace the critique papers.

                  NOTE: An additional 1-2 credits are available for students who wish to write a longer paper in order to satisfy the JD or JD/LLM Upper-Level Writing Requirement. Students wishing to take this option should enroll in Law 558W Foreign Anti-Bribery Writing Credit. *LAW 558W MUST be added no later than 7th week of class.*

                  558W

                  Foreign Anti-Bribery Writing Credit 1
                  • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP)
                  • JD - general credits
                  • LLM-ICL - general credits
                  • LLM-ICL - writing requirement
                  1. Fall 18
                  • Add on credit

                  While enrolled in Law 558 Foreign Anti-Bribery Law, students have the option to take 1-2 additional credits in order to satisfy the JD or JD/LLM Writing Requirement. *LAW 558W MUST be added no later than 7th week of class.*

                  559

                  Latin American Business Law 1
                  • JD - general credits
                  • LLM-ICL - general credits
                  • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
                  • International LLM, Business Law Certificate
                  1. Spring 17
                  This course focuses on the regulation of business in Latin America and the most important differences between the Civil Law tradition and the Common Law. The course exposes the students to some of the main issues that may arise in the practice of law dealing with Latin America. Emphasis is placed on the appropriate choice of a business entity by an American investor and in the analysis and comparison of the laws of business associations and securities regulation applicable in Latin America and in the United States. Important cultural, historical and political traits of the region will be highlighted, as they are extremely influential in the transactions of business and international legal relations.

                  562

                  Sentencing & Punishment 2
                  • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP)
                  • JD - general credits
                  • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
                  • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
                  1. Fall 16
                  2. Fall 17
                  3. Fall 18
                  • Final research paper (25+ pages in length)
                  • Class participation

                  This new seminar will focus on the process of imposing sentences in criminal cases, administering punishment, and attempting rehabilitation of convicted criminals. The course will first provide background regarding the purposes of punishment and the history of mandatory sentences, presumptive sentences, and sentencing guidelines, and focus on some of these issues in more detail through the use of a expert guest lecturers and a tour of the Federal Correctional Facility in Butner, NC. Students will be expected to participate meaningfully in the lectures, guest speakers and field trip, and produce a research paper on a related topic.

                  563

                  Economic Growth and Development in Africa 2
                  • JD - general credits
                  • LLM-ICL - general credits
                  • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
                  1. Spring 17
                  • Final paper (10+ pages in length)
                  • Reflection Papers
                  • Practical exercises
                  • Class participation

                  This course explores the legal issues implicated in sub-Saharan Africa’s economic and political development from the perspective of host-country and foreign governments, businesses, and legal practitioners. Sub-Saharan Africa is considered to be the new frontier in the global economy, as many of the world’s fastest growing economies are in sub-Saharan Africa. The economic performance of many sub-Saharan African countries is projected to continue to improve because of the continent’s changing economic, political, and social landscape. Consequently, U.S. businesses are starting to eye opportunities and to invest heavily in sub-Saharan Africa and U.S. policy toward Africa is also shifting from aiding Africa to investing more in Africa. As U.S. businesses, law firms, and even government agencies are showing an increased interest in sub-Saharan Africa, more private law firms have begun to counsel clients that are looking to expand their businesses or invest in Africa on the various opportunities and unique challenges of doing business in Africa.

                  We will examine key trends that either promote or hinder growth in the region and present challenges to economic, legal, and political development. Students will gain practical experience by, identifying and solving hypothetical legal and business issues confronted by those seeking to do business in Africa.

                  Students will be assessed on class participation, weekly response papers for the assigned reading, a 20-page paper identifying and analyzing a legal issue related to economic development, and two problem-based workshops.

                   

                  566A

                  Corporation and International Law: Past, Present, and Future 3
                  • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP)
                  • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP), option
                  • JD - general credits
                  • LLM-ICL - general credits
                  • LLM-ICL - required courses
                  • LLM-ICL - writing requirement
                  • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
                  • International LLM, Business Law Certificate
                  1. Fall 17
                  • Reflection Papers
                  • Final paper (10+ pages in length)
                  • Class participation

                  From politics to popular culture, the corporation has become one of the most critical economic, political, and cultural institutions of the modern era.  It has also been one of the most controversial.  Are corporations people, societies, or even governments? Do they have rights? If so, what are their civic, social, ethical, and political responsibilities? If such questions are vexing within municipal and national contexts, they have been downright confounding for international legal regimes.  Corporations have a global footprint and influence on our conceptions of sovereignty and governance, the functioning of international markets, the nature of interstate relations, wealth distribution, international development, and, at a basic level, the lives of people around the world. Yet modern international law has generally been understood to apply almost exclusively to states and to touch only lightly on corporate institutions, with profound consequences for everything from human rights to the global environment. This course will address these questions and many others, both through our own readings and discussions, as well as frequent guest speakers, panels, and workshops, in conjunction with a year-long Mellon Foundation funded Sawyer Seminar.

                  A limited number of JD students may be permitted to use their paper to satisfy the JD upper-level writing requirement with prior approval of Professor Brewster.

                  566B

                  Corporation and International Law 3
                  • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP)
                  • JD - general credits
                  • LLM-ICL - general credits
                  • LLM-ICL - required courses
                  • LLM-ICL - writing requirement
                  • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
                  • International LLM, Business Law Certificate
                  1. Spring 18
                  • Reflection Papers
                  • Final paper (10+ pages in length)
                  • Class participation

                  From politics to popular culture, the corporation has become one of the most critical economic, political, and cultural institutions of the modern era.  It has also been one of the most controversial.  Are corporations people, societies, or even governments? Do they have rights? If so, what are their civic, social, ethical, and political responsibilities? If such questions are vexing within municipal and national contexts, they have been downright confounding for international legal regimes.  Corporations have a global footprint and influence on our conceptions of sovereignty and governance, the functioning of international markets, the nature of interstate relations, wealth distribution, international development, and, at a basic level, the lives of people around the world. Yet modern international law has generally been understood to apply almost exclusively to states and to touch only lightly on corporate institutions, with profound consequences for everything from human rights to the global environment. This course will address these questions and many others, both through our own readings and discussions, as well as frequent guest speakers, panels, and workshops, in conjunction with a year-long Mellon Foundation funded Sawyer Seminar.

                  567

                  Law, Economics & Politics: Seminar 2
                  • JD - general credits
                  • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
                  1. Fall 16
                  2. Spring 18
                  • Reflection Papers
                  • Class participation

                  This iteration of the Law, Economics and Politics seminar will focus primarily on the economics, law and politics of contracting (broadly defined).  Every week, the class will discuss a different research paper on the topic.  Most weeks, one of the authors of those papers will join us for the discussion.  Active participation in the discussions and engagement with the substance of the papers is a requirement (there will also be weekly writing requirements). Some of the guests who are scheduled to visit in the Fall 2018 semester include John Coyle (UNC), Anusha Chari (UNC), Glen Weyl (Yale), Benjamin Edelman (Harvard), and Alon Brav (Duke).  The instructors for this seminar are Mitu Gulati (Duke Law) and Tracy Lewis (Duke Econ/Business).

                  Every week, students will be asked to do reaction papers to presentations by guest speakers.  These guests are a set of scholars who are doing some of the most current research on the above-mentioned topics.

                  The requirements for the class are completion of the reaction papers and active participation in the debates over the papers being presented. There will not be a final exam or final paper.

                   

                  571

                  The Changing Face of Marriage and Family: Pastoral and Legal Perspectives 2
                  • JD - general credits
                  • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
                  • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
                  • Reflection Papers
                  • Class participation

                  This seminar examines areas in which religion and law intersect in family life. Students will explore the guidelines and doctrine governing religious and legal professionals when counseling individuals on family issues. Seminar discussions will focus on interdisciplinary readings, as well as exercises in skills relating to listening, counseling, mediation, and collaboration. Grading will be based on 4-6 written assignments totaling 25-30 pages relating to class exercises or readings, and on participation in class discussion and exercises. There is no exam. The seminar fulfills the J.D. Professional Skills requirement.

                  572

                  International Forum Shopping: Theory and Practice 2
                  • LLM-ICL - required courses
                  1. Spring 17

                  This seminar, open to students pursuing a JD-LLM in international and comparative law, analyzes institutional design, regime complexity, and forum shopping in the international legal system.  The seminar explores the theoretical, strategic, and practical issues relating to these topics.  Key concepts are illustrated via a series of recent case studies in international trade, investment, human rights, criminal law, and other area of international law.  Reading for the course will include both theoretical reading and materials specifically related to the four case studies presented.  Readings associated with the case studies may include briefs, legal decisions, newspaper and other accounts of the situation, and possibly guest lectures.

                  Course grades will be based 60% on response papers (6 papers of 1500 words), and 40% on class participation, including helping to lead discussion of classes for which they write response papers.

                  Students interested in satisfying either the JD or JD/LLM writing requirements through this seminar may separately enroll in an Independent Study (Law 460) of 1 or 2 credits.  Research papers completed through these Independent Studies will be in addition to, and not in lieu of, the required seminar response papers, and will be graded separately from the seminar work. 

                  582

                  National Security Law 3
                  • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP)
                  • JD - general credits
                  • LLM-ICL - general credits
                  • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
                  • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
                  1. Fall 16
                  2. Fall 17
                  3. Fall 18
                  • Final research paper (25+ pages in length)
                  • Oral presentation
                  • Class participation

                  This fall-only course is designed to provide students, particularly those with no background in the topic, with an overview of the American legal architecture for its security enterprise.  The class will also examine related issues that arise "in the news."  It is aimed not only at students considering a career in government or the military, but also for those headed to private practice who appreciate that the U.S.’s $719 billion defense budget, along with $1.7 trillion in defense outlays worldwide impacts virtually all potential clients.

                  The course analyzes the Constitutional structure governing national security matters, and the role played by the three branches of government (with special emphasis on Presidential power).  It will also examine governmental surveillance, the investigation and prosecution of national security cases, as well as First Amendment issues related to national security.  In addition, domestic security issues (to include the domestic use of the armed forces), security-based travel restrictions, the role of the Centers for Disease Control, the military justice system, civil-military relations, and the impact of national security issues on business transactions will be reviewed.

                  There is no examination for this course, but a 30-page research paper (constituting 65% of the grade) is required on a topic chosen by the student and approved by the instructor.  With instructor approval, the course paper may fulfill the Substantial Research and Writing Project or other writing requirements.  The remainder of the grade (35%) is based on the quality and frequency of class participation, and may require short, written products.

                   

                  583

                  Globalization of the Family 2
                  • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP)
                  • JD - general credits
                  • LLM-ICL - general credits
                  • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
                  • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
                    • Final research paper (25+ pages in length)
                    • Class participation

                    This course will address a number of issues in which globalization plays a role in family life, such as the definition of marriage and family, property rights, the requirements for divorce, same-sex relationships, marriage tourism, fertility tourism, adoption, and intercountry child custody disputes. In most instances, the seminar will examine a particular topic through the lens of the law of a given culture or country, so that students can focus closely on the substantive issues. In addition, the seminar will explore questions of comparative law and conflict of laws as students consider whether and how one nation should honor the family law of another. Issues of international law, including treaty obligations and human rights laws, will be considered where appropriate.

                    There are no prerequisites for the course. Students enrolling in this course may not have taken the version of the course taught by Professor Michaels in the Asia-America Institute in Transnational Law during summer of 2012, nor may they take the similar course to be taught by Professor Bradley in the Duke-Geneva Institute in Transnational Law during the summer of 2013.

                    Students will be required to attend and actively participate in the seminar discussion, lead class discussion for one class meeting, and complete a 30-page research paper. Students may use this research paper to fulfill the upper-level or the LLM writing requirement, and the special writing requirement for JD/LLMs

                    587

                    Race and the Law 2
                    • JD - general credits
                    • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP)
                    • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
                    • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
                    1. Spring 17
                    • Final research paper (25+ pages in length)

                    Are we a post-racial society? Is English-only the way to go? Is there a model minority? Are Native American children better off with Native American parents? Should affirmative action be abolished? Are all women white and all blacks men? Was Brown right? This seminar will explore the historical and contemporary treatment of race in the United States by both the courts and the legislature. The seminar will employ an interdisciplinary approach to examining the social and political forces that have and continue to contribute to the development of legal doctrine in the areas of education, employment, health care, interracial sex and marriage, and public accommodations, among other things. Throughout, the seminar will explore the definition of race, the intersection of race and gender, the interplay of race and class, the juxtaposition of various racial groups, and the utility of a biracial dichotomy in a multiracial and multiethnic society. Materials will include cases, films, law review articles, excerpts from books, and other nonlegal materials. The seminar will examine race from a multiracial, multiethnic perspective. Participation from a diverse group of students is encouraged. A paper will be required.

                    589

                    Japanese Law in a Business Context 2
                    • JD - general credits
                    • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP)
                    • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
                    • International LLM, Business Law Certificate
                    1. Spring 17

                    An overview of the Japanese legal system with a particular focus on the business and regulatory environment as well as on the differences that a U.S.-trained lawyer must be aware of when handling Japan-related matters. This class will qualify for the Duke LL.M Business Law Certificate.

                    The class will be conducted as an interactive seminar. Student grades will be based in part on participation and presentation, but with the largest component being based on a 25+ page seminar paper. Several of the latter class sessions will be devoted to student presentations on their paper topics and preliminary findings. However final papers will not need to be submitted until the end of the semester. The seminar paper for this class can be used to satisfy the LL.M. Business Certificate paper requirement.

                    590

                    Risk Regulation in the US, Europe and Beyond 2
                    • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP)
                    • JD - general credits
                    • LLM-ICL - general credits
                    • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
                    • International LLM, Environmental Law Certificate
                    1. Spring 17
                    2. Spring 18
                    • Final research paper (25+ pages in length)
                    • Class participation

                    This seminar pursues an advanced, integrated analysis of the law, science and economics of societies' efforts to assess and manage risks of harm to human health, safety, environment and security. The course will examine the regulation of a wide array of risks, such as those from food, drugs, medical care, automobiles, air travel, drinking water, air pollution, energy, climate change, finance, terrorism, emerging technologies, and extreme catastrophic risks (students may propose to research other risks as well). Across these diverse contexts, the course will explore the components of regulatory analysis: risk assessment, risk management (including the debate over "precaution" versus benefit-cost analysis), risk evaluations by experts vs. the public, and risk-risk tradeoffs.  And it will explore options for institutional design and structure, including the interrelated roles of legislative, executive, and judicial functions; delegation and oversight; fragmentation and integration; and international cooperation.

                    The course examines these issues through a comparative approach to risk regulation in the United States, Europe, and other countries.  These comparisons address topics including the choice of policy instruments, the selection of which risks to regulate, "precautionary" regulation, "better regulation" initiatives, regulatory impact assessment and regulatory oversight bodies, and others.   It examines the divergence, convergence, and exchange of ideas across regulatory systems; the causes of these patterns; the consequences of regulatory choices; and what regulatory systems can learn from each other.

                    Students' research papers in this seminar may analyze specific risk regulations; compare regulations, institutions or tools across countries; formulate and advocate original proposals to improve the regulatory state; or other related topics.

                    591

                    Development Finance 1
                    • JD - general credits
                    • LLM-LE (1 year) - general credits
                    • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
                    • International LLM, Business Law Certificate
                    1. Fall 16
                    2. Fall 17
                    3. Fall 18
                    • Reflection Papers
                    • Final paper under 10 pages
                    • Class participation

                    The Course will provide a general overview of persisting development challenges in Low and Middle-Income Countries, and the shared global responsibility under the Agenda 2030 to address them. It will focus on the roles of and partnerships between various actors of development finance, such as government agencies, multilateral development banks, foundations, non-governmental organizations, and impact investors; and familiarize students with development finance instruments, such as budget aid, grants, loans, and blended finance mechanisms. The Course will also deal with critical views on Aid Effectiveness, and issues of Policy Coherence for Development in developed countries.

                    Course Requirements:

                    Two 3-page essays: the first to be handed in on or before September 30, 2018; the second to be handed in on or before October 5, 2018 (30% of final grade);

                    • One 10-page final paper to be handed in before December 15, 2018 (40% of final grade);
                    • Participation in class discussions (30% of final grade).

                     

                    593

                    Sexuality and the Law 2
                    • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP)
                    • JD - general credits
                    • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
                    • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
                    1. Fall 16
                    2. Spring 18
                    3. Spring 19
                    • Final paper (10+ pages in length)
                    • Midterm
                    • Class participation

                    Issues in the legal regulation of sexuality are among the most contested in US law today.  Determining a) whether gays and lesbians are entitled to the same marriage rights as heterosexual couples, b) whether the gender identities of transgender persons are to be accepted in public facilities like restrooms, c) if and when women should have access to contraception or abortion, and d) whether LGBTQ persons can rely on constitutional and statutory provisions providing for equal protection or nondiscrimination when availing of government provided services or commercial services, are all questions which either have been litigated in US courts in recent years, or are currently being litigated.  Assessing the merits of the arguments of parties involved in litigating these issues requires delving into the disparate areas of law which converge in these cases.  These areas of law include the jurisprudences of liberty, privacy, equal protection and the free exercise of religion, as well as issues concerning the extent of executive authority.  This course will explore these issues through an examination of recent US jurisprudence, as well as statutory law and regulatory actions, as they pertain to LGBTQ rights and women’s reproductive rights at both the state and national level.  While the primary focus will be on developments in the US, the treatment of similar issues in selected foreign jurisdictions will be introduced occasionally to present alternative approaches.

                    594

                    Sex Equality’s Past and Future 2
                    • JD - general credits
                    • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP)
                    • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
                    • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
                    1. Spring 17
                    • Final research paper (25+ pages in length)
                    • Class participation

                    This seminar examines the relationships between pregnancy discrimination and sex discrimination, and between sex discrimination and restrictions on access to contraception and abortion. 

                    Through reading a combination of Supreme Court merits briefs, law review articles, and book excerpts, students will study how Ruth Bader Ginsburg and other advocates for women’s rights during the early 1970s viewed discrimination against pregnant women as a paradigmatic form of unconstitutional sex discrimination, and also viewed restrictions on access to contraception and abortion as implicating constitutional equality values in addition to liberty concerns. 

                    Students will also read such Supreme Court opinions as Griswold v. Connecticut (1965), Reed v. Reed (1971), Eisenstadt v. Baird (1972), Frontiero v. Richardson (1973), Roe v. Wade (1973), Geduldig v. Aiello (1974), and Craig v. Boren (1976), and learn how the Court during the 1970s did not seriously consider the equality claims of the women’s movement outside the context of express sex-based classifications.  

                    Finally, we will read and discuss more recent Supreme Court decisions and opinions by individual Justices, which have increasingly—although not yet entirely—come to take seriously the submissions that pregnancy discrimination implicates equal protection, and that access to contraception and abortion are equality rights as well as liberty rights.  Those opinions include Planned Parenthood v. Casey (1992), Nevada Department of Human Resources v. Hibbs (2003), Gonzales v. Carhart (2007) (Ginsburg, J., joined by Stevens, Souter, and Breyer, JJ., dissenting), Burwell v. Hobby Lobby Stores, Inc. (2014), Whole Woman’s Health v. Hellerstedt (2016), and seminal gay rights cases, Lawrence v. Texas (2003) and Obergefell v. Hodges (2015).

                    598

                    Family Creation: A Non-Judicial Perspective 2
                    • JD - general credits
                    • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
                    • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
                    1. Spring 17
                    2. Spring 19
                    • Reflection Papers
                    • In-class exercise
                    • Class participation

                    This course will focus on the role of the legislative and administrative process in intercountry adoption, wherein a child born in one country becomes part of a family in another.  Intercountry adoption raises complex issues of law and policy, including those relating to the definition of family, state sovereignty, immigration and citizenship, human rights, and ethics and transparency.  Not all countries participating in intercountry adoption are subject to international treaties regarding adoption and related issues.  In nations where the treaties are in effect, implementation through the legislative and administrative process has been characterized by conflict and delay.  At the local level, regulation of intercountry adoption through oversight of adoption agencies and adoptive families, has been uneven.

                    This seminar aims to give students the opportunity to understand the policymaking process by closely examining what has transpired in the field of intercountry adoption in the last 15-20 years, and considering what the future may hold, both within the U.S. and abroad.  Students will be expected to explore and understand the intersection between policy, treaty, and national law, as well as the interrelationship between the legislative and administrative processes.  Because the seminar will examine not only the law within the U.S. but that in other countries, students will be able to explore the differences in culture and policy that exist nation to nation and consider how those differences affect an inherently international issue such as intercountry adoption.

                    Readings will draw from the United States and international sources and will include existing and proposed legislation, existing and proposed administrative regulations, treaty provisions, court decisions interpreting these sources, academic and journalistic writings, and audiovisual materials.

                    601

                    Duke Law in DC: Federal Policymaking 4
                    • JD - general credits
                    • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
                    1. Fall 16
                    2. Fall 17

                    This course is open to students participating in the Duke in DC integrated externship program (LAW 679: Duke Law in DC Externship). The Federal Policymaking course is a graded, 4-credit, weekly class that focuses on the federal policymaking process, with particular attention to the policy issues that are currently being debated in Congress and the executive branch. The course requires students to become conversant with current federal policy debates, and also with the forces that influence the behavior of institutional actors who ultimately decide whether and how these debates will be acted upon by the branches of the federal government. Students will develop critical analysis skills that are necessary to evaluate and affect the policymaking process at the federal level.  This course is open to second-and third-year law students, by permission only. For more information, please visit https://law.duke.edu/curriculum/dukedc/.

                    612AB

                    JD-LLM Readings: Current Issues in International and Comparative Law 1
                    • LLM-ICL - required courses
                    1. Fall 18
                    2. Spring 19
                    • Reflection Papers
                    • Class participation

                    This one-credit year-long readings class will explore current issues in international and comparative law. Drawing on the expertise of Duke Law School’s international and comparative law faculty, the course will examine topics such as international law and populism, human rights and economic inequalities, and the future of multilateral institutions. This evening class will meet off campus six times throughout the year and will be offered on a credit/no-credit basis. It is open to JD.LLM students only. Response papers will be required. This class will be taught by Profs. Curt Bradley, Brewster, Helfer, Huckerby, Michaels, and Reichman.

                    645

                    Second Amendment Research Tutorial 2
                    • JD - general credits
                    1. Spring 17
                    • Reflection Papers
                    • Class participation

                    Research Tutorials give students an opportunity to engage with the production of legal scholarship in a substantive and sustained way.  This Tutorial will explore the history of gun rights and regulation in the United States, analyze the Supreme Court’s decision in District of Columbia v. Heller, and suggest doctrinal and theoretical tools with which to implement the new “individual” right to keep and bear arms.  Students will be asked to review and evaluate chapters of a forthcoming manuscript, participate in weekly discussions, and produce research memos in response to class discussions.    Students should expect to generate roughly 20 pages of written work product throughout the semester.

                    Enrollment in the Second Amendment Research Tutorial is limited to 8 students and there is a selection process for students to be enrolled in the course.  Interested students must apply with a statement of interest as follows: 

                    In no more than a page, please explain why you would like to participate in this Research Tutorial, and what you hope to contribute.  Factors could include curiosity or strong views about the Second Amendment, interest in legal scholarship, commitment to research and writing, or other interests and qualifications.

                    Statements of interest must be submitted to Marlyn Dail by the close of business on Tuesday, November 8.  The Registrar's Office will manually enroll the selected students in this course during the drop/add period. 

                     

                    707

                    Statutory Interpretation Colloquium 2
                    • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP)
                    • JD - general credits
                    • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
                    • Final research paper (25+ pages in length)
                    • Reflection Papers

                    The objective of the course is to introduce students to important issues concerning the theory and doctrine of statutory interpretation through exposure to cutting-edge legal scholarship. The colloquium will feature bi-weekly presentations of works-in-progress by leading scholars of statutory interpretation, legislation, and administrative law. In the week preceding each presentation, students will read and discuss foundational materials (a mix of academic commentary and case law) on topics related to the work-in-progress.

                    Students may opt to prepare six short (5-10 page) papers in response to each work-in-progress, which would be due in advance of the presentation and used to stimulate discussion. Alternatively, students may write one longer research paper (roughly 30 pages) dealing with a topic of their choice related to the themes of the class. Students who take the latter option may use the colloquium to satisfy the upper-level writing requirement.

                    716

                    Information Privacy and Government Surveillance Law 3
                    • JD - general credits
                    • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
                    1. Spring 17
                    2. Spring 19
                    • Reflection Papers
                    • Final paper (10+ pages in length)
                    • Group project
                    • In-class exercise
                    • Class participation

                    The acquisition, management, analysis, dissemination, and security of personal information are increasing important issues for individuals, commercial enterprises and governments. New technologies create a more connected and personal digital society. Every day, transactions engaged in by individuals generate ever expanding amounts of personal information, including credit card transaction information, purchasing histories, bank and other financial transaction information, location information, health information, real property ownership information, information relating to interactions with the criminal justice system, information shared on social media and other types of information. Not only is the volume of personal information escalating rapidly; much of it resides on servers and storage media where it can be accessible or potentially accessible to commercial enterprises and government agencies. In both the commercial sector and the government sector, the legal and policy issues associated with personal information are growing in importance. Discussion of these issues in either sector cannot ignore the other, because the issues frequently intersect. They also transcend national boundaries. For example, in President Obama's proposals to revise government policy towards signals intelligence collection, he states that such policies implicate "the cooperation we receive from other nations on law enforcement, counterterrorism, and other issues; our commercial, economic, and financial interests, including a potential loss of international trust in U.S. firms and the decreased willingness of other nations to participate in international data sharing, privacy, and regulatory regimes ..." This intersection of issues creates particular challenges for existing constitutional, legislative and international governance models.

                    In the government sector, many of the most pressing problems relate to the national security state that has developed after the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001. The crucial battleground for combating and preventing future terrorist attacks is the intelligence battleground. In the United States, as well as in other countries, efforts to acquire and properly analyze intelligence with respect to terrorists, their plans and their plots, have expanded dramatically. The tension between these efforts and individual privacy creates frictions that are forcing reconsideration of existing methods of mediating them. Similar reconsideration is occurring in the commercial sector, where consumers' desire for confidentiality in the data that relates to them can conflict with markets for information and commercial and entrepreneurial interests that wish to take advantage of such data to provide new goods and services that consumers value.

                    This course explores the legal and policy issues associated with concerns about information privacy, in the commercial and government sectors and in the intersection of these two sectors.
                    GRADING: 30% Class Participation, 30% Participation in a Class Debates and Debate Summaries, 40% 2 10-page response papers

                    717

                    Comparative Constitutional Design 2
                    • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP)
                    • JD - general credits
                    • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
                    1. Spring 17
                    2. Spring 18
                    • Final research paper (25+ pages in length)

                    Recent constitutional reconstructions in various parts of the world have called new attention to the problems of institutional design of political systems. In this course we will examine the design and implementation of national constitutions. In particular, we will address the following questions. What are the basic elements of constitutions? How do these elements differ across time, across region, and across regime type? What is the process by which states draft and implement constitutions? What models, theories, and writings have influenced the framers of constitutions?

                    In the first half of the course, we will review the historical roots of constitutions and investigate their provisions and formal characteristics. We will also discuss the circumstances surrounding the drafting of several exemplary or noteworthy constitutions, from various regions of the world. We will then examine particular features of institutional design in depth. These will include judicial review, presidentialism vs. parliamentarism, federalism, and the relationship of the national legal system to international law.

                    718

                    Social Choice Theory: Cost-Benefit Analysis and Beyond 2
                    • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP), option
                    • JD - general credits
                    • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
                    1. Spring 18
                    • Reflection Papers
                    • Final paper (10+ pages in length)
                    • Class participation

                    Social choice theory is the systematic study of how to combine individual preferences, or some other indicator of individual well-being, into a collective ranking. Although scholars have worried about this problem for centuries, most intellectual progress in social choice theory has occurred in the last century—with Arrow's stunning "impossibility theorem," and the development of the notion of the "social welfare function." This latter construct serves as the foundation for many disciplines within economics (such as optimal tax theory or the economics of climate change). It also provides a rigorous and comprehensive framework for thinking about cost-benefit analysis—currently the dominant policy tool in the U.S. government.

                    This course will provide an introduction to social choice theory, with a particular focus on the social welfare function and on cost-benefit analysis. In the course of addressing these topics, we will also spend substantial time discussing the philosophical literatures on well-being and on inequality. What is the connection between someone's well-being and her preferences, her happiness, or her realization of various "objective goods"? And—on any conception of well-being—how should we structure policy choice to take account of the distribution of individual welfare? Addressing these questions is essential for thinking clearly about collective choice and, in particular, social welfare functions and cost-benefit analysis.

                    My two books, Well-Being and Fair Distribution: Beyond Cost-Benefit Analysis (Oxford University Press 2012), and Measuring Social Welfare: An Introduction (Oxford University Press, forthcoming) will serve as the main texts for the course, with additional readings from philosophy, economics, and law.  The course does not require advanced mathematics. However, students should not be "math phobic". The readings and our discussion will use some mathematical notation to communicate key ideas—as does, of course, any economics text on cost-benefit analysis--and students should not be afraid of seeing this notation. Students should also be prepared to engage in philosophical discussion.

                    The course will be taught as a 2-hour weekly seminar. Students will be asked to do the reading for each seminar; to write a short (1-2 page) reaction paper; and to participate in class discussion. Students will also write a 10-page final paper.  This final paper can either be (a) a critical discussion of one or more chapters from Well-Being and Fair Distribution or Measuring Social Welfare, or (b) a critical discussion of some other book or article relevant to the topics of the seminar.

                    A limited number of students will be permitted to expand this paper in substance and in length in order to meet the JD-ULWR.

                     

                    719

                    Rule of Law: Theory and Doctrine 2
                    • JD - general credits
                    • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
                    1. Fall 17
                    • Short Research Assignments
                    • Class participation

                    Some believe that recent developments in U.S. politics threaten "the rule of law."  This seminar aims to gain a clearer theoretical understanding of the "rule of law" as well as the related concept of democratic governance; and to see how far the twin ideals can be protected in doctrines of US constitutional law. In the theory part, we read seminal works, including Hart's Concept of Law, Fuller's Morality of Law, and Ely's Democracy and Distrust. We then address the doctrine not by a comprehensive treatment, which would be impossible, but rather by a focused discussion of difficult areas - including nondelegation, gerrymandering, judicial independence, corruption, and executive power.

                    722

                    International Business Law 3
                    • JD - general credits
                    • LLM-ICL - general credits
                    • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
                    • International LLM, Business Law Certificate
                    1. Fall 16
                    2. Fall 17
                    3. Fall 18
                    • Final Exam

                    The goal of this course is to provide students with a broad overview of how international rules shape global commerce. It will serve as a foundation in international law for students who never plan to take another international law course but also serve as a roadmap of the possibilities for international law study (and careers) for students who want to do more with international law. The course begins with private, cross-border contracting, then moves on to public international law agreements as well. We start with conflict of law rules as well as international treaties designed to coordinate contract law (CISG). From there we dive into the world of private international arbitration, including questions of when state should not permit international arbitration. The course will also covers torts claims, particularly under the Alien Torts Claims Act. We will examine the Bhopal litigation before moving on to some of the cases that have been brought against major oil companies by citizens of developing countries. At that point, the course pivots towards more public law issues that govern international transactions. We look at the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act as well as the OCED Anti-bribery Convention. Finally, we turn to the major treaty regimes on economic subjects, including multilateral trade agreements and the network of bilateral investment treaties.

                    GRADING: Grades are based on an exam.

                    724

                    Intellectual Property, Public Domain, and Free Speech 3
                    • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP)
                    • JD - general credits
                    • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
                    • International LLM, Intellectual Property Certificate
                    • Final paper (10+ pages in length)
                    • Reflection Papers
                    • Class participation

                    This advanced seminar examines current debates concerning intellectual property, the public domain and free speech, focusing in particular on digital copyright. The goal is to look at issues of academic interest but also considerable practical importance surrounding a central question: how is the public interest defined and defended in formulating the balance between intellectual property and the public domain?

                    The class will begin by exploring tensions between intellectual property law and freedom of expression, as well as challenges posed by new technologies, in both the United States and European Union. The class will then cover case law and legislation in both the US and EU in two contentious areas of information regulation: database protection and digital copyright. The class will conclude with an examination of current cases, legislation, and debates, including the controversies surrounding peer-to-peer file sharing, user generated content, and video sharing sites such as YouTube.

                    Grades for the seminar will be based on class participation, Sakai postings, and a final paper.

                    727

                    Current Issues in Constitutional Interpretation 1
                    • JD - general credits
                    • Final paper (10+ pages in length)

                    This seminar will examine important constitutional issues that have arisen in recent Supreme Court cases and will use those cases as a vehicle for considering broader questions of constitutional interpretation and Supreme Court practice, such as theories of interpretation and the role of stare decisis. Among the issues that may be studied are the Second Amendment right to keep and bear arms, the Sixth Amendment rights to counsel and trial by jury, the Eighth Amendment right to be free of cruel and unusual punishment, and the right to petition for a writ of habeas corpus.

                    Enrollment for Current Issues in Constitutional Interpretation is limited to 15 students.  Only third-year students are eligible to apply for enrollment, as it is anticipated that students in their final year of law school will be best prepared to engage fully in the course.

                    738

                    Financial Law and Regulation: Practitioner's Perspective 2
                    • JD - general credits
                    • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
                    • International LLM, Business Law Certificate
                    1. Spring 17
                    2. Spring 18
                    3. Spring 19
                    • Reflection Papers
                    • Class participation

                    Every aspect of financial law and regulation depends heavily on its daily practice.  The environment changes all the time, and the scope of regulatory discretion, at every level of government (state, federal and international) is so large that successful practitioners must understand the current trends in regulatory thinking and practice.  This course will allow students to dive deep into a different aspect of modern financial regulation every week by bringing in prominent alumni practitioners who are experts in specific areas of the field.

                    The course will be structured as follows:

                    1. Six 4 hour components, focusing on specific aspects of financial practice according to the expertise of the teacher. Lee Reiners will hold an opening 2 hour class session.
                    2. Taught by a series of expert practitioners, who will spend two days at the school. Classes will be held on Thursday and Friday.
                    3. The course is a seminar based on a compilation of readings provided during the course.
                    4. Students will be graded based upon class participation and six, 1,500-word, writing assignments pertaining to each of the six topics discussed by our guest lecturers.

                    Likely topics to be covered include:

                    • Derivatives regulation
                    • High frequency trading
                    • FDIC resolution and the insurance fund
                    • Volcker Rule and Regulation W
                    • Bank capital requirements

                     

                    Class will run from Feb 15th to April 5th and will consist of 13 class sessions that are 2 hours long. Seven class sessions will be on a Friday morning from 9-11am and 6 class sessions will be on Thursday afternoon from 4:00pm to 6:00pm.

                    739

                    Religious Laws 2
                    • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP)
                    • LLM-ICL - writing requirement
                    • International LLM - writing requirement
                    • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
                    1. Spring 17
                    2. Spring 18
                    • Final research paper (25+ pages in length)

                    Not all law is state law. Among the most important, and challenging, non-state law we confront today are religious laws. Among those is first and foremost Islamic law, but also Jewish law, as well as the laws of other religions like Buddhism and Hinduism. The seminar will serve as an introduction to these laws and their role in the global legal world. We will learn about the nature and structure of different religious laws. We will discuss to what extent we can call such laws laws, and whether we can compare them to each other and to state law. We will ask to what extent state law is also religious. And we will discuss the role that religious law plays for state law today.

                     

                    744

                    Philosophy for Constitutional Lawyers 3
                    • JD - general credits
                    • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP)
                    • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
                      • Reflection Papers
                      • Final paper (10+ pages in length)
                      • Class participation
                      This seminar will investigate the possibility and promise of substantive reason in constitutional law. Doubts that reason plays any non-instrumental role in constitutional decisions often reflect a broad skepticism that constitutional law can be anything other than political decision-making in disguise. We do not share that skepticism, but we readily concede that many constitutional arguments and opinions are poorly reasoned, and that constitutional lawyers often seem unable to offer a coherent account of what they are doing, or what constitutional decision-making is or ought to be, that doesn't collapse into a species of political choice.

                      Our goal is to explore some of the resources that contemporary philosophy may offer constitutional lawyers in the effort to understand and practice constitutional law as a distinct and coherent form of thought and decision.
                      Attention will be paid to the work of Alasdair MacIntyre and Ludwig Wittgenstein, among others.

                      Students will be expected to participate actively in class discussion and to prepare a seminar paper, which can be written to satisfy the upper-level writing requirement.

                      748

                      Employment Discrimination: Course Plus 1
                      • JD - general credits
                      • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
                      • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
                      This course supplements Employment Discrimination (Law 232), in which students must be concurrently enrolled to participate. Half of the weekly sessions will employ a traditional seminar format designed to allow students to explore in greater detail many of the policy issues underlying employment discrimination law, including scholarly critiques of existing doctrine. The other sessions will utilize experiential learning techniques crafted to familiarize students with real-world challenges faced by lawyers practicing employment discrimination law. Using problems and simulations drawn from recent cases, students will be asked, among other things, to engage in fact investigation, to develop litigation strategies, to draft litigation documents, and to develop employment policies that may be utilized by employees and employers. The class meets weekly for one hour.

                      753

                      Law and Literature: Race & Gender 3
                      • JD - general credits
                      • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
                      • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
                      1. Spring 17
                      2. Spring 18
                      3. Spring 19
                      • Reflection Papers
                      • Final paper (10+ pages in length)
                      • Class participation

                      This seminar uses contemporary fiction to explore the intersection between literary and legal studies, with a particular focus on race and gender. Through literature and some film, the seminar examines the role of law in the structure of conflict, personal relationships, social hierarchy and social change, with attention to privilege, perspective, and voice. Authors include Margaret Atwood, Richard Wright, Kazuo Ishiguro, Aravind Adiga, Toni Morrison, Ursula Hegi, and Nella Larsen.

                      Grades will be determined from class participation, weekly response papers, and final paper pursuing a theme from the course.

                      758

                      Originalism and Its Discontents 3
                      • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP)
                      • JD - general credits
                      • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
                      1. Spring 17
                      2. Spring 18
                      3. Spring 19
                      • Reflection Papers
                      • Final research paper (25+ pages in length)
                      • Class participation

                      Originalism is a major school of constitutional interpretation and a growing field of study. Both public discourse and legal practice commonly feature originalist arguments as well as criticisms of originalism. To engage these arguments, lawyers and citizens should be able to weigh the merits of a diverse set of originalist theories. This course is designed to acquaint you with a number of originalist and nonoriginalist arguments; enable you to judge for yourself the strengths and weaknesses of each; and give you an opportunity to sharpen your own views on the topic. It examines various originalist theories (original intentions, original meanings, original methods, and so on), different emphases in originalist argumentation over time (the “old” originalism vs. the “new”), and forms of argument used in support or opposition (conceptual, normative, positive). The course will be taught as a two-hour weekly seminar, focused on class discussion of the readings. Each student will choose weeks in which to submit a total of eight short papers (5-8 pp.) in response to the readings. These papers will be circulated to all participants via Sakai and will serve, together with my own comments at the start of each session, as a basis for class discussion. Alternatively, students may instead pursue independent research projects related to originalism, submitting first and final drafts (~30 pp.) in compliance with the upper-level writing requirement. Students choosing this option must do so prior to the close of the Drop/Add period.

                      771

                      Defamation and Privacy 3
                      • JD - general credits
                      • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
                      1. Fall 16
                      2. Fall 17
                      • Final research paper (25+ pages in length)
                      • Class participation

                      American law attempts to protect individual interests in personal dignity and to guarantee a robust system of free expression. Both concerns are implemented, in part, through the common law of dignitary torts, and US constitutional law addresses their overlap and potential conflict. This course will cover the torts of defamation, invasion of privacy, and intentional infliction of emotional harm, and the related constitutional doctrines that the Supreme Court has developed since 1964.

                      774

                      Taboo Trades & Forbidden Exchanges 2
                      • JD - general credits
                      • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
                      1. Spring 17
                      2. Spring 18
                      3. Spring 19

                      This class examines exchanges and transactions that are traditionally taboo, and sometimes illegal. Importantly, what constitutes a taboo trade is culturally dependent, changing over time and across cultures. For example, typical taboo trades in modern western societies include organs, blood, babies, sexual relations, votes for money, and a wide range of other issues. In other cultures and other times, however, humans were sold as a matter of course, whereas land was considered inalienable.

                      Students will discuss reading selections from law, economics, anthropology, psychology, and sociology. During most class meetings, we will host speakers (generally visiting faculty from other law schools) who will discuss current projects related to taboo trades.

                      776

                      Supreme Court Litigation 2
                      • JD - general credits
                      • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP)
                      • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
                      1. Fall 16
                      2. Fall 17

                      This course has three objectives:  

                      1. To gain a working knowledge of the unique role the Supreme Court plays in our legal system—identifying and resolving important disputed recurring issues of federal law—and of the demands thus placed on lawyers who practice before it;
                      2. To provide a very intense experience in honing your legal writing skills, by the preparation of two short (10-12 page double spaced) briefs reflecting different phases of Supreme Court litigation, each to be prepared over a separate four week period, with on-going one-on-one interaction with the professor and detailed comments on the final brief;
                      3. To study the oral argument process as now practiced in the Court, including moot court arguments be each student in a current case, study of actual arguments from the present Court Term and, if possible, attendance at one or more moot courts by arguing lawyers and discussions with those lawyers.  

                        The uniqueness of practice in the Supreme Court stems primarily from the certiorari process, by which the Court identifies the 1% of petitioning cases it will hear on the merits. Lawyers on both sides must convince the Court that the case at hand does or does not present a legal issue of sufficient moment and controversy as to presently demand the Court's attention. We will discuss in detail the features of a case that enhance or detract from its chances for certiorari.  After a case is granted and goes forward on the merits, the selective nature of the Court's jurisdiction—and its focus on resolving recurring legal issues rather than simply deciding cases—shapes the lawyer's approach to the case in important ways, which will be considered in class sessions dealing with the drafting of merits briefs and the role that amicus briefs play in the Court's work.

                        All of these goals will be pursued through the study of three or four actual cases from the present Term.  The greatest amount of effort, by both the students and the professor, will be invested in the two short brief writing assignments.  These assignments, an Opposition to Certiorari and a Reply Brief on the merits, will demand both an understanding of the nature of the Supreme Court's process and a firm grasp on the law and facts of the particular case.  In both instances you will prepare an outline, meet with the professor to discuss your approach, and then prepare the final brief.  Neither brief will require extensive research beyond the materials cited in the case filings you will be provided with.  Both briefs will demand an ability to think and write in clear simple English, and self-critically evaluate and revise what you have written—with feedback from the instructor - to make it as coherent and persuasive as possible to the Justices and their clerks.    A limited number of students may satisfy the upper-level writing requirement through an additional credit of work and with the permission of the instructor.  

                      794

                      The Law of Slavery and Freedom: The Thirteenth, Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments 2
                      • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP)
                      • JD – Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP), add-on credit
                      • JD - general credits
                      • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
                      • Public Interest Certificate: General Elective
                      1. Spring 17
                      2. Spring 18
                      • Reflection Papers
                      • Final paper (10+ pages in length)
                      • Oral presentation
                      • Class participation

                      This course will explore the ways in which the institution of slavery interacted with the law in the United States and how the law defined freedom and the practices of freedom.  The first two weeks will focus on slavery and the law.  The rest of the course will focus on the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments. For added credit, students may satisfy the writing requirement by enrolling in Law 794W. 

                      794W

                      Law in Slavery & Freedom: From the Historical to the Contemporary/ Writing Credit
                      • JD - Substantial Research and Writing Project requirement (SRWP)
                      • JD - general credits
                      • International LLM/Exchange/SJD - general credits
                      1. Spring 18
                      • Final research paper (25+ pages in length)

                      Students enrolled in Law 794 Law in Slavery & Freedom:  From the Historical to the Contemporary, may earn an additional credit by writing an additional 25+ page paper, due at the end of the semester . *LAW 794W must be added no later than 7th week of class.*