Multilingual Educational Resources about Intellectual Property and the Public Domain
Unless otherwise specified, you are free to copy, distribute, display, remix, and further translate these works, with attribution, under the Creative Commons Attribution (by) license. We encourage readers to post, download, and share these translations. You can also send us comments about them. Please note that some terms of art - such as the "public domain" and "commons" - may have multiple meanings and do not translate naturally from one language to another. Such terms have either been left in the original English or translated to their closest equivalent.
Longer articles about international intellectual property and the public domain:
The role of the World Intellectual Property Organization ("WIPO") in shaping international IP policy; seven Guiding Principles for rational and humane intellectual property policy
Enclosing the intellectual commons and the theory and history of the public domain
This manifesto, created by COMMUNIA (the European thematic network on the digital public domain), defines the public domain and outlines the necessary principles and guidelines for a healthy public domain at the beginning of the 21st century
Short analyses of issues in intellectual property policy:
1) Evidence-based IP policy Looking at evidence about the effects of IP rights, and their relative costs and benefits, before making IP policy
A Natural Experiment - Empirical evidence about the effects of sui generis database rights
Two database cheers for the EU - The European Commission's empirical review of the Database Directive
Public information wants to be free - Evidence about the effects of rights over government-generated data such as maps, traffic, and weather information
2) Systemic biases about IP Recognizing systemic biases that influence policymaking
Deconstructing stupidity - Why is IP policy so consistently one-sided?
Web's never-to-be-repeated revolution - Would we kill the web today?
A closed mind about an open world - Cognitive biases about property
3) The impacts of IP in different areas These articles are about specific controversies and debates. In many cases, the precise issue may have been resolved, but the general principles and arguments may be of continuing interest.
The book "Free Culture" by Lawrence Lessig:
Professor Lessig's landmark manifesto about the genuine closing of the American mind
We would like to thank our talented translators Ana Santos and Haochen Sun, our generous reviewers Leonardo Cervera-Navas, Professor Jonathan Ocko, Manon Ress, and Coralie de Tomassi, and our web guru Nick Castillo for all of their work on this website.