Meeting the Threat: A Symposium on Counter-Terrorism

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List of Guests (listed alphabetically):

Michael J. Garcia, Assistant Secretary for Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) ** Keynote Speaker

Assistant Secretary Garcia leads the second largest investigative agency in the Federal Government with over 20,000 employees, including 6,000 investigators, and a budget of more than $4 billion. The ICE mission is to secure the homeland through enforcement of immigration and customs laws and by protecting U.S. commercial aviation and federal facilities.

From 1992 to 2001, Garcia was a federal prosecutor with the Office of the U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of New York. During that time, he prosecuted some of the nation’s highest-profile terrorism cases prior to September 11, 2001, including:

  • The successful prosecution of four defendants for conspiring with Osama bin Laden and 17 others to kill American nationals abroad in the bombing of the U.S. Embassies in Kenya and Tanzania in 1998.
  • The successful prosecution of four defendants in the 1993 World Trade Center bombing trial.
  • The successful prosecution of Ramzi Ahmed Yousef and two others on charges of planning 48 hours of "terror in the sky" in a conspiracy to plant bombs aboard 12 American passenger aircraft in the Far East.

Prior to joining the Office of the U.S. Attorney in the Southern District of New York in 1992, Garcia was a law clerk for New York State Court of Appeals Judge Judith S. Kaye from 1990 to 1992 and was an associate with the Manhattan law firm Cahill Gordon & Reindel from 1989 to 1990.

Assistant Secretary Garcia is a graduate of the State University of New York at Binghamton. He received his Master of Arts degree from the College of William and Mary and his Juris Doctorate from Albany Law School, Union University.

Anthony S. Barkow, Assistant United States Attorney, Southern District of New York

Mr. Barkow is an Assistant United States Attorney in the United States Attorney's Office for the Southern District of New York and is currently assigned to the Organized Crime and Terrorism Unit. Mr. Barkow prosecuted the case of United States v. Ahmed Sattar, Lynne Stewart, and Mohammed Yousry. Previously, Mr. Barkow worked, from 1998 to 2002, at the United States Attorney's Office for the District of Columbia; from 1996 to 1998, at the United States Department of Justice Office of Consumer Litigation; and from 1995 to 1996, as law clerk to Thomas P. Griesa, Chief Judge, United States District Court for the Southern District of New York. Mr. Barkow graduated from Harvard Law School in 1995, where he was Notes and Supervising Editor of the Harvard Law Review and received his undergraduate degree from the University of Michigan in 1991.

James A. Candelmo, Assistant United States Attorney, Eastern District of North Carolina (invited)*

On September 17, 2001, Assistant United States Attorney James Candelmo was appointed Anti-Terrorism Coordinator for the Eastern District of North Carolina. In this position, Mr. Candelmo is responsible for implementing the Attorney General’s anti-terrorism efforts among 50 federal, state and local law enforcement operations which include the FBI, INS, and Secret Service, SBI throughout the eastern part of the state.

Mr. Candelmo has been with the Department of Justice for 12 years. Serving first in the Criminal Division’s Fraud Section, prosecuting bank fraud in New England and Southern California and then as Senior Trial Counsel with the Department’s elite Internal Security Section, working closely with the FBI and CIA investigating and prosecuting espionage cases. Mr. Candelmo was sworn in as an Assistant United States Attorney for the Eastern District of North Carolina in May of 2000. He serves as the office’s International Coordinator, National Security Coordinator and Computer Telecommunications Coordinator.

Mr. Candelmo attended the University of Dayton Law School, where he was named to the Law Review and was subsequently published in the field of municipal liability. After graduating law school in 1987, Mr. Candelmo served on active duty with the United States Navy Judge Advocate Generals Corps. In 1991, Mr. Candelmo received his Masters of Law in International Law from the Georgetown University.

Mr. Candelmo has served as a guest lecturer in the fields of Espionage, Trading with the Enemy, Economic Espionage, Bank Fraud, Use of Deadly Force and Terrorism. He presently resides with his family outside Raleigh, North Carolina.

William J. Hochul, Jr., Assistant United States Attorney, Western District of New York

Mr. Hochul is Chief of the Office’s Anti-Terrorism Unit, and Deputy Chief of the Narcotics and Violent Crimes Division. In his Anti-Terrorism position, Mr. Hochul is responsible for the prosecution and/or supervision of all terrorism cases in the Office.

Mr. Hochul began his legal career in the Washington, D.C. area as a law clerk to a Maryland Court of Appeals Judge. At the conclusion of this appointment, Mr. Hochul joined the litigation section at the Washington Office of a five hundred member international law firm, where he represented a wide variety of clients in complex civil litigation matters, including racketeering and fraud-related lawsuits.

Mr. Hochul joined the Department of Justice in 1987 as an Assistant United States Attorney for the District of Columbia. While in Washington, Mr. Hochul prosecuted an extensive array of violent and white collar criminal cases, and later specialized in the prosecution of first-degree and gang-related murder cases.

Mr. Hochul joined the United States Attorney's Office for the Western District of New York in 1991. As a former member of the Office's Organized Crime Unit, Mr. Hochul primarily prosecuted complex, multi-district, national and international crime cases committed by criminal enterprises and gangs. In this capacity, Mr. Hochul prosecuted a large number of notorious violent crime and fraud cases, cases involving labor racketeering, and a massive cigarette diversion scheme whereby thirty two defendants (including a cigarette wholesale corporation) defrauded the States of New York and Michigan out of approximately thirty million dollars. Most recently, Mr. Hochul served as lead prosecutor in the terrorism case dubbed by the international media as the “Lackawanna Six.”

Mr. Hochul frequently speaks, domestically and abroad, to international, federal, state, and local law enforcement groups, attorneys, and judges, on the use and application of racketeering laws in criminal prosecutions, in conducting organized crime and gang investigations, and in prosecuting racketeering, terrorism and money laundering cases. Mr. Hochul has also served as an adjunct professor at the State University of New York at Buffalo School of Law, where he taught classes on trial techniques, and was recently on the faculty of Niagara University, where he taught a course on terrorism.

Andrew C. Hruska, Chief Assistant United States Attorney, Eastern District of New York

Mr. Hruska was appointed the Chief Assistant United States Attorney for the Eastern District of New York in June 2003. In that role, he oversees the office's counter-terrorism program. He has also served as Acting United States Attorney for the purposes of the prosecution of the New York Racing Association and related matters.

Prior to that, Mr. Hruska served as the Senior Counsel to Deputy Attorney General Larry D. Thompson, Chairman of the Justice Department's National Security Coordinating Council. Mr. Hruska advised the Attorney General and Deputy Attorney General on a variety of matters, including white collar crime, violent crime and international treaty obligations. He participated in the creation of and counseled the President's Corporate Fraud Task Force, coordinated the Department's positions on and implementation of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, and supervised the revision of the Principles of Federal Prosecution of Business Organizations known as the Thompson Memorandum.

Mr. Hruska has also served as an Assistant District Attorney in the Frauds Bureau of the New York County District Attorney's Office where he prosecuted Securities Fraud and other financial crimes. After graduating from Yale College and Yale Law School, Mr. Hruska clerked for United States Circuit Judge Ralph K. Winter of the Second Circuit Court of Appeals and, following that, was associated with the law firm Sullivan & Cromwell.

Jonathan B. Leiken, Former Assistant United States Attorney, Southern District of New York

Mr. Leiken, a former federal prosecutor in the Southern District of New York, is a frequent speaker and lecturer on criminal law issues. He has been quoted in national news publications such as Reuters and the Cleveland Plain Dealer on developments in criminal law, and teaches courses on counterterrorism law and complex federal investigation and prosecutions at Case Western Reserve University Law School.

Mr. Leiken is currently a white collar criminal defense attorney at Squire Sanders & Dempsey in Cleveland, Ohio. In November 2004, he was retained by the Mayor of the City of Cleveland to conduct a wide‑ranging independent investigation into allegations of corruption within the Cleveland Police Department.

Andrew C. McCarthy, Senior Fellow, Foundation for the Defense of Democracies.

Mr. McCarthy is Senior Fellow at the Foundation for the Defense of Democracies (, and a Contributor at National Review Online (

From 1993 through 1996, while an Assistant United States Attorney for the Southern District of New York, he led the prosecution of Sheik Omar Abdel Rahman and eleven others who were convicted of levying against the United States a war of urban terrorism that included the 1993 World Trade Center bombing and a plot to bomb New York City landmarks. Mr. McCarthy also made major contributions to the prosecutions of the bombers of the United States embassies in Kenya and Tanzania, and the Millennium plot to attack Los Angeles International Airport. Following the September 11 attacks, he supervised the Office’s Command Post in New York City.

From 1999 through 2003, Mr. McCarthy was the Chief Assistant U.S. Attorney for the Southern District’s White Plains Division, responsible for federal law enforcement in six counties north of New York City.

Mr. McCarthy is the recipient of numerous awards, including the Justice Department’s highest honors: the Attorney General’s Exceptional Service Award (1996) and Distinguished Service Award (1988). He has served as a Special Assistant to the Deputy Secretary of Defense, and as an Associate Independent Counsel in the investigation of a former cabinet official. He has also been an Adjunct Professor of Law at both the Fordham University School of Law and New York Law School.

Currently, Mr. McCarthy practices law in the New York area while working with the Foundation for the Defense of Democracies, an independent, non-profit organization in Washington, D.C., which conducts research and education on national security issues. He writes extensively on a variety of legal, social and political issues for National Review and Commentary, among other publications, as well as providing commentary for various television and radio broadcasts.

Geoffrey S. Mearns, Former Federal Prosecutor

Prior to commencing private practice, Mr. Mearns served for nine years in various positions in the United States Department of Justice. From 1997 until 1998, as Special Attorney to the United States Attorney General, Mr. Mearns assisted in the prosecution of Terry Nichols, one of the two defendants convicted for the Oklahoma City bombing. Prior to that prestigious appointment, Mr. Mearns was the First Assistant United States Attorney for the Eastern District of North Carolina. From 1989 until 1995, Mr. Mearns was an Assistant United States Attorney in the Eastern District of New York, where, as Chief of the Organized Crime and Racketeering Section, he had extensive trial experience in complex, high‑profile organized crime cases. Mr. Mearns received numerous awards and commendations for his work as a prosecutor, including the Attorney General's Distinguished Service Award, one of the Justice Department's highest honors.

Mr. Mearns is currently a white collar criminal defense attorney at Baker & Hostetler in Cleveland, Ohio where he is head of the firm's national Business Crimes and Corporate Investigations team. Mr. Mearns is also an Adjunct Professor of Law at Case Western Reserve University School of Law, where he teaches a course on complex federal criminal investigations and prosecutions.

Gerald E. Rosen, U.S. District Judge, Eastern District of Michigan

Judge Gerald E. Rosen was nominated by President George Bush to the U. S. District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan in November, 1989 and was invested in March 1990.

Prior to taking the Bench, Judge Rosen was a Senior Partner in the law firm of Miller, Canfield, Paddock and Stone. While at Miller, Canfield, Judge Rosen was a trial lawyer, specializing in commercial, labor and constitutional litigation and litigated a number of important, high-profile cases.

Judge Rosen began his professional career in Washington , D.C. as a Legislative Assistant to United States Senator Robert P. Griffin of Michigan . Judge Rosen served on Senator Griffin's staff in Washington for five years, from February 1974 through January 1979, during which time he was intimately involved in some of the most significant and challenging issues of the period. While serving as Senator Griffin's Legislative Assistant, Judge Rosen attended the George Washington University Law School at night, and obtained his Juris Doctor degree in May 1979. (He is now a member of the Law School 's Board of Advisors). Judge Rosen's undergraduate degree is from Kalamazoo College .

Judge Rosen has written and published articles for professional journals and the popular press on a wide range of issues, including Civil Procedure, Evidence, Due Process, Criminal Law, labor law and legal advertising, as well as numerous other topics. He is also a co-author of “Federal Civil Trials and Evidence”, and “Michigan Civil Trials and Evidence”and is the Senior Editor of West Publishing Company's Michigan Practice Guide series. For five years prior to taking the Bench, Judge Rosen co-chaired the Judicial Evaluation Committee for the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan. In 1982, Judge Rosen was the Republican Candidate for Congress in Michigan 's 17th District, losing to Congressman Sander Levin (D. Mi.).

For thirteen years, Judge Rosen has been an Adjunct Professor of Law, teaching Evidence at both Wayne State University Law School and at the University of Detroit - Mercy Law School . Judge Rosen frequently lectures at continuing legal education seminars for both lawyers and State and Federal Judges. He has also lectured at several International conferences, and represented the United States government as part of the U.S. State Department's Rule of Law program in Moscow , Russia and T'Bilisi, Georgia , consulting with legal scholars and judges from those nations on the draft of their constitutions and organization of their legal system. Most recently, he lectured on American criminal law and procedure to high-ranking Chinese Judges at the Supreme People's Court in Beijing , China .

In 1995, Judge Rosen was appointed by Chief Justice Rehnquist to the U.S. Judicial Conference's Committee on Criminal Law. As a member of that Committee, he was actively involved in developing sentencing and criminal law and procedure policy for the Judicial Branch of our Government. Judge Rosen was also selected by his colleagues to serve on the Board of Directors of the Federal Judges Association.

Beyond his professional work, Judge Rosen is involved with several charitable and community organizations, including serving on the Board of Directors of Focus: HOPE and the Michigan Chapter of the Federalist Society. Judge Rosen is 52 years old and is married to Laurie DeMond Rosen. They have one child, Jacob.

David M. Stone, Assistant Secretary of Homeland Security for the Transportation Security Administration (TSA)

Rear Admiral Stone had served as Acting Administrator of TSA since December 4, 2003 and had been Deputy Chief of Staff in TSA Headquarters since August 2003. He was selected for that position from a field assignment as TSA's first Federal Security Director at Los Angeles International Airport (LAX), one of the largest and busiest airports in the world. During that assignment, he led the local effort to mobilize, train, and deploy the largest federalized screener work force in the United States, a monumental effort completed two weeks before the required deadline. The airport also implemented the 100% electronic checked-baggage screening program, screening in excess of 150,000 items per day.

Upon promotion to Rear Admiral, he served as the U.S. Commander of NATO's Standing Naval Force Mediterranean during operations in the Adriatic in support of the Kosovo conflict. He was presented an "Outstanding Citizen Award" by his hometown of Algonquin, Illinois, in recognition of this achievement and his outstanding commitment to service. Other significant assignments included tours in the Pentagon on the staff of the Chief of Naval Operations as Deputy Director of Surface Warfare, and later as Director, Environmental Protection, Safety and Occupational Health. His last operational command in the Navy was the Nimitz Battlegroup, where he was responsible for organizing, training and equipping the sailors assigned for deployment.

Additionally, representatives from local and federal police organizations will be present.

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