The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Foreign Relations Law
Edited by: Curtis Bradley
The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Foreign Relations Law will consider similarities and differences in how various countries, as well as the European Union as a supranational institution, allocate authority over issues such as entering into and withdrawing from treaties, using military force, and incorporating international law into domestic law. It will reflect a wide range of perspectives and methodologies and also consider theoretical questions about the emerging field of comparative foreign relations law. The international conferences that have helped to generate discussions leading to the book chapters stem from work that Professor Bradley has been doing in connection with his Carnegie Fellowship, which was awarded in 2016. A draft of the first chapter of the book is available online.
Table of Contents
I. Comparative Foreign Relations Law as a Field
II. Executive and Legislative Power in Foreign Affairs
III. Making Treaties and Other International Agreements
IV. Federalism and Foreign Affairs
V. Engagement and Disengagement with International Institutions
VI. General Role of Courts in Foreign Affairs
VII. Domestic Application of International Law
VIII. Sovereign and Foreign Official Immunity
IX. Using Military Force and Engaging in Collective Security
Ernest Yaw Ako is a Barrister and Solicitor of the Supreme Court of Ghana and a Lecturer in Public International Law at the Faculty of Law, University of Cape Coast, Ghana. He holds degrees from the University of Ghana, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology and the University of Pretoria. He is a Doctoral researcher at the Centre for Human Rights, Faculty of Law, University of Pretoria and his principal research interests are in Public International Law and International Human Rights Law with a particular focus on Ghana and Africa. Ernest is a member of the International Law Association, South African Branch, and an Associate Editor of the South African Journal on Human Rights.
Anamika Asthana is an assistant professor of political science at Gargi College, University of Delhi, India. She is also a PhD candidate at the School of International Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi. Her research interests include nuclear politics, foreign policy and political philosophy.
Andrea Bianchi is full Professor of International Law at the Graduate Institute since 2002. His research interests range from international law theory to treaty interpretation, jurisdictional immunities and counterterrorism. He has recently authored International Law Theories. An Inquiry Into Different Ways of Thinking (OUP, 2016).
Dr. Eirik Bjorge is a Senior Lecturer in Law at Bristol University. In addition to having published numerous articles in leading journals, he is the author of The Evolutionary Interpretation of Treaties (OUP 2014) and Domestic Application of the ECHR: Courts as Faithful Trustees (OUP 2015). He has edited, and translated from the French, Bernard Stirn's Towards a European Public Law (OUP 2017), and is currently, with Sir Franklin Berman KMCG QC, revising and rewriting the chapters on the law of treaties in Oppenheim's International Law (OUP 2018). He has co-edited two collections of essays: A Farewell to Fragmentation: Convergence and Reassertion in International Law (CUP 2015) and Landmark Cases in Public International Law (Hart 2018).
Curtis Bradley is the William Van Alstyne Professor of Law at Duke Law School and is a co-director of the Law School’s Center for International and Comparative Law. His scholarly expertise spans the areas of international law in the U.S. legal system, the constitutional law of foreign affairs, and federal jurisdiction. Since 2012, he has served as a Reporter for the American Law Institute’s Restatement project on The Foreign Relations Law of the United States. He is currently a member of the Secretary of State’s Advisory Committee on International Law, and he is also a member of the Board of Editors of the American Journal of International Law. He has written numerous articles concerning international law, U.S. foreign relations law, and constitutional law, and he is the author of Foreign Relations Law: Cases and Materials (6th ed. 2017) (with Jack Goldsmith), and International Law in the U.S. Legal System (2d ed. 2015). In 2016, he received a Carnegie Fellowship to support his work on comparative foreign relations law.
Congyan Cai is a professor of international law at Xiamen University School of Law, China. His teaching and academic fields cover international legal theory, Chinese international law and policy and international investment law. He has published many articles in journals such as American Journal of International Law, European Journal of International Law, Journal of International Economic Law. He is working on a book titled The Rise of China and International Law (Oxford University Press, 2018). He previously was a Fulbright Scholar and Global Research Fellow at NYU School of Law (2011), Visiting Professor at Columbia University School of Law (2014), and Senior Fellow at Humboldt University School of Law (2016).
Amichai Cohen is a Professor of International law at the Ono Academic College, Faculty of Law, Israel, and a Senior Fellow at Israel Democracy Institute. He holds an LL.B. from the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, and an LL.M. and J.S.D from the Yale Law School. His research focuses on International Humanitarian Law, Israeli National Security Law, and the application of international law in Israeli law.
Charles-Emmanuel Côté is Associate Dean and Secretary of the Faculty of Law of Laval University, in Quebec City, where he is also Full Professor and Co-Director of the Centre for International and Transnational Law (CDIT). He is a lawyer called at the Barreau du Québec and holds a doctorate degree in law from McGill University (Dean’s Honour List). Professor Côté received a special mention from the Jury of the Institute of World Business Law Prize of the International Chamber of Commerce for his doctoral dissertation on the participation of private persons to the settlement of international economic disputes. He previously held a position of constitutional and institutional policy advisor at the Government of Quebec. He also worked at the Centre de droit de la consommation of the Université catholique de Louvain in Belgium, on legislative assistance programmes of the European Commission in Central and Eastern Europe and former USSR countries. Professor Côté teaches public international law, international economic Law and constitutional law. His current research focuses on the international legal aspects of federalism, State responsibility in international investment law, as well as on freedom of movement for professionals.
Paul Craig is the Professor of English Law at St John's College, at the University of Oxford. His research interests are Constitutional law, Administrative Law, Comparative Public Law and EU law. He has written extensively across these areas. His most recent book is UK, EU and Global Administrative Law, Foundations and Challenges (Cambridge University Press, 2015). He is also the UK alternate member on the Venice Commission on Law and Democracy.
Marise Cremona has been a Professor in the Law Department of the European University Institute since 2006. She is a co-Director of the Academy of European Law and general editor (with Profs Nehal Bhuta and Claire Kilpatrick) of The Collected Courses of the Academy of European Law, Oxford University Press. She is a member of the International Advisory Board of the Centre for European Research, University of Göteborg; member of the Scientific Advisory Board of the Lichtenberg-Kolleg Institute for Advanced Study in Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Göttingen; member of the Editorial Board of the Common Market Law Review; member of the Advisory Board of the European Foreign Affairs Review; member of the Editorial Board, Studies in EU External Relations, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. Marise’s research interests are in the external relations law of the European Union; she is particularly interested in the constitutional basis for EU external relations law and the legal and institutional dimensions of the EU’s foreign policy, and the EU as an importer and exporter of values and norms. She has published extensively on the external relations law of the European Union.
William S. Dodge is Martin Luther King, Jr. Professor of Law at the University of California, Davis, School of Law. He currently serves as Co-Reporter for the American Law Institute’s Restatement (Fourth) of Foreign Relations Law: Jurisdiction and as a member of the U.S. State Department’s Advisory Committee on International Law. From 2011 to 2012, he was Counselor on International Law to the Legal Adviser at the State Department. Professor Dodge is co-author of the casebook Transnational Business Problems (5th ed. Foundation Press 2014) and co-editor of International Law in the U.S. Supreme Court: Continuity and Change (Cambridge University Press 2011). He has more than 50 other publications in books and law reviews. Professor Dodge received his B.A. in History, summa cum laude, from Yale University in 1986 and his J.D. from Yale Law School in 1991. After law school, he served as a law clerk for Judge William A. Norris of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit and for Justice Harry A. Blackmun of the U.S. Supreme Court.
Carlos Espósito is Professor of Public International Law at the University Autónoma of Madrid (UAM). He has been a former Counselor and Deputy Legal Advisor at the International Law Department of the Spanish Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation (2001-2004). Carlos was Vice President of the European Society of International Law (2011- 2014) and is now a co-editor of the ESIL Book Series. He is also a member of the board of editors of the REDI (Spanish Journal of International Law), and other law journals. He has published extensively on general international law, including numerous articles in journals and reviews, and seven books as author or editor. Carlos studied law at the University of Buenos Aires, and earned his Doctor degree from the University Autónoma of Madrid in 1995.
Shaheed Fatima Q.C. is a barrister at Blackstone Chambers, London. She specialises in international law, public law and commercial law. Her practice extends beyond English courts and includes the European Court of Human Rights, UN treaty bodies, arbitral tribunals and the EU courts. In January 2017 The Lawyer magazine named her one its ‘Hot 100’ leading lawyers; in December 2013 she was listed in Chambers UK’s Top Junior Bar 100; in October 2013 she was awarded Junior of the Year in Human Rights and Public Law (by Chambers Bar Awards; having been shortlisted in the same category in 2011) and in 2005 she was awarded the Human Rights Lawyer of the Year Award (by Liberty and Justice). Prior to being appointed Queen’s Counsel in 2016, Shaheed was a member of the Attorney General’s Public International Law ‘A’ Panel (2014-2016) and the Attorney General’s ‘A’ Panel (2011-2016), having previously been on the ‘B’ Panel (2009-2011). She is working on the second edition of her book, International Law and Foreign Affairs in English Courts (2017/2018, Hart Publishing) and is a founding editor of the transatlantic national security blog, “Just Security”. She has taught law at Pembroke College/University of Oxford, Harvard Law School, NYU School of Law and the Graduate Institute in Geneva. In April 2017 she was appointed chair of the legal panel of the Inquiry on Protecting Children in Conflict, chaired by Gordon Brown (the UN Special Envoy for Global Education and former UK Prime Minister).
Mathias Forteau is Professor of public international law at the University of Paris Ouest and Adjunct Professor at the NYU School of Law. He is a former Member of the International Law Commission (ILC) of the United Nations (2012-2016) and former Secretary-General of the French Society for International Law (Société française pour le droit international) (2008-2012). In the last 20 years, he has also served as counsel or advocate for States in a number of international litigations, in particular before the International Court of Justice and the International Tribunal of the Law of the Sea. He directs in particular at the University of Paris Ouest a seminar on the relationship and articulation between international law and domestic laws.
Jean Galbraith is an Assistant Professor at the University of Pennsylvania Law School. She is a scholar of U.S. foreign relations law and public international law. Her research focuses on the allocation of foreign affairs powers among U.S. governmental actors and, at the international level, on the structure and development of international legal regimes. She has published in leading general interest law journals and international law journals. She received her B.A. summa cum laude from Harvard University and her J.D. from the University of California, Berkeley, School of Law. After graduating law school, she served as a law clerk at the D.C. Circuit (for Judge Tatel) and the Supreme Court of the United States (for Justice Stevens). She has also served as an Associate Legal Officer at the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (working for Judge Meron).
Tom Ginsburg is the Leo Spitz Professor of International Law at the University of Chicago, where he also holds an appointment in the Political Science Department. He holds B.A., J.D. and Ph.D. degrees from the University of California at Berkeley. He currently co-directs the Comparative Constitutions Project, an NSF-funded data set cataloging the world’s constitutions since 1789. His books include Judicial Reputation: A Comparative Theory (2015) (with Nuno Garoupa); The Endurance of National Constitutions (2009) (with Zachary Elkins and James Melton), which won the best book award from Comparative Democratization Section of American Political Science Association; and Judicial Review in New Democracies (2003). He is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Before entering law teaching, he served as a legal advisor at the Iran-U.S. Claims Tribunal, The Hague, Netherlands, and he has consulted with numerous international development agencies and governments on legal and constitutional reform. He currently serves a senior advisor on Constitution Building to International IDEA.
Monica Hakimi is a Professor of Law at the University of Michigan Law School. Her research examines how international law operates and adapts to contemporary challenges, particularly in the areas of human and national security. In addition, Professor Hakimi is currently a contributing editor of EJIL Talk!, the blog that is affiliated with the European Journal of International Law, and serves on the Board of Editors of the American Journal of International Law. Between 2003 and 2006, she was an attorney-adviser in the Office of the Legal Adviser at the U.S. Department of State.
Oona A. Hathaway is the Gerard C. and Bernice Latrobe Smith Professor of International Law at the Yale Law School. She is also Professor of International Law and Area Studies at the Yale University MacMillan Center, on the faculty at the Jackson Institute for International Affairs, and Professor (by courtesy) at the Yale University Department of Political Science. She is a member of the Strategic Planning Committee of the American Society of International Law, the Executive Committee of the MacMillan Center at Yale University, and the Advisory Committee on International Law for the Legal Adviser at the United States Department of State. In 2014-15, she took leave from Yale Law School to serve as Special Counsel to the General Counsel for National Security Law at the U.S. Department of Defense, where she was awarded the Office of the Secretary of Defense Award for Excellence. She served as a Law Clerk for Justice Sandra Day O’Connor and for D.C. Circuit Judge Patricia Wald. Her current research focuses on the foundations of modern international law, the intersection of U.S. constitutional law and international law, the enforcement of international law, and the law of armed conflict.
Laurence R. Helfer is Harry R. Chadwick, Sr. Professor of Law and co-director of the Center for International and Comparative Law at Duke University in Durham, North Carolina. He is also a Permanent Visiting Professor at iCourts: The Center of Excellence for International Courts at the University of Copenhagen, which awarded him an honorary doctorate in 2014. Professor Helfer’s research interests include international human rights, treaty design, international adjudication, and the interdisciplinary analysis of international law and institutions. He has co-authored four books and published more than seventy journal articles on these and other topics. He is a member of the Board of Editors of the American Journal of International Law.
Jan-Henrik Hinselmann is a Research and Teaching Fellow at the Institute of Public International Law and European Law of the Georg-August-University Göttingen, as well as Senior Assistant to Professor Andreas L. Paulus. He teaches German Constitutional Law and, in particular, German Foreign Relations Law. Hinselmann is also a former Editor-in-Chief of the Goettingen Journal of International Law (GoJIL), and he has published in the areas of Public International and European Law.
Duncan B. Hollis is a Professor of Law at Temple University Law School and a non-resident scholar at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Professor Hollis’s scholarship focuses on treaties, interpretation, and cyberspace. He is editor of the Oxford Guide to Treaties (Oxford University Press, 2012), which was awarded the 2013 ASIL Certificate of Merit for High Technical Craftsmanship and Utility to Practicing Lawyers, as well as National Treaty Law and Practice (Martinus Nijhoff, 2005), which offered a comparative perspective on how nineteen nation states engage with treaties in their domestic systems. Professor Hollis’s articles have covered a range of subjects implicating U.S. foreign relations law as well as others that examined the role of interpretation in international law and the challenges of regulating global cybersecurity. Professor Hollis is an elected member of the American Law Institute, where he serves as an adviser on its project to draft a Restatement (Fourth) of the Foreign Relations Law of the United States. He is also an elected member of the Organization of American States’ Inter-American Juridical Committee and currently serves as its Rapporteur for Legal and Non-Legal Agreements.
Happymoon Jacob is an associate professor of diplomacy and disarmament studies at the School of International Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), New Delhi. He has previously worked with the Observer Research Foundation, University of Jammu, J&K, and the Jamia Millia Islamia University, New Delhi. Jacob is a frequent Op-Ed Contributor to The Hindu, India’s leading English language daily. He has been organizing and/or participating in some of the most influential Indian-Pakistan track-two dialogues: Chaophraya Dialogue, Pugwash India-Pakistan Dialogue and the Ottawa India-Pakistan military-to-military and nuclear dialogues.
Stefan Kadelbach is professor of public international law, co-director of the Institute of Public Law and a member of the "Cluster of Excellence 'Normative Orders'" at Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main (Germany). His working fields are German and comparative constitutional law, public international law and constitutional EU law, with an emphasis on foreign relations law, federalism, multi-level governance, human rights and general international law. Professor Kadelbach has published various books and articles on these fields and functioned as a rapporteur on the implementation of international human rights by domestic courts for the International Law Association's International Human Rights Law Committee."
Joris Larik (B.A., Dresden; LL.M., Leiden; M.A. College of Europe; Ph.D., European University Institute) is Assistant Professor at Leiden University and Senior Researcher at The Hague Institute for Global Justice, focusing on the external relations of the EU and other regional organizations, comparative and multilevel constitutional law, and global governance reform. His work has been acknowledged with several awards, including NATO’s Manfred Wörner Essay Award (2008), the Outstanding Paper Award from the Center for German and European Studies at Georgetown University (2012) and the Mauro Cappelletti Prize for the Best Thesis in Comparative Law (2014) from the European University Institute. Among his publications are Foreign Policy Objectives in European Constitutional Law (Oxford University Press, 2016),and ASEAN’s External Agreements: Law, Practice and the Quest for Collective Action (Cambridge University Press, 2015. In 2017, Dr. Larik received a Fulbright-Schuman Grant for conducting research on “Forms of Foreign Policy Cooperation in the Unraveled Transatlantic Space” at the Johns Hopkins Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies in Washington D.C.
Jenny S. Martinez is Professor of Law and the Warren Christopher Professor in the Practice of International Law and Diplomacy at Stanford Law School. Her research focuses on international courts and tribunals, international human rights, national security, constitutional law and the laws of war. Prior to joining the Stanford faculty in 2003, she was an associate legal officer at the U.N. International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia. She also clerked for Justice Stephen Breyer at the U.S. Supreme Court and Judge Guido Calabresi on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. She received her J.D. from Harvard Law School and her B.A. from Yale University.
Hiromichi Matsuda is Assistant Professor of Law at International Christian University, Tokyo, Japan, where he teaches and writes in the areas of Japanese constitutional law, human rights law, international law, and comparative foreign relations law. Professor Matsuda received his J.D., cum laude from the University of Tokyo School of Law in 2011 and served there as a research associate in the year 2011-2012 and 2013-2015, and as a lecturer in the year 2015-2016. He received his LL.M., Harlan Fiske Stone Scholar from Columbia Law School in 2013, where he focused on "Human and Constitutional Rights" and "Constitution and Foreign Affairs" under the guidance of Professors Sarah Cleveland and Lori Damrosch, and served as an editor of Columbia Human Rights Law Review. Professor Matsuda is currently focusing on domestic effects of international norms in various constitutional legal systems worldwide, including U.S., European, Japanese, and Chinese legal systems.
Campbell McLachlan (LL B (Hons) (Well), Ph D (Lond), Dip (c l) (Hag Acad Int’l Law)) is Professor of International Law at Victoria University of Wellington. He is author of Foreign Relations Law (2014) – the first modern study of this field in relation to the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth. He is a Specialist Editor of Dicey, Morris & Collins on the Conflict of Laws (15th edn 2012). He served as President of the Australian & New Zealand Society of International Law from 2006-9. He was awarded the New Zealand Law Foundation International Research Fellowship in 2011 and has been a Visiting Fellow at All Souls College Oxford, the Lauterpacht Research Centre in Cambridge and at NYU. In 2015, he was elected to the Institut de Droit International. In 2016, he was elected to the Arthur Goodhart Visiting Professorship in Legal Science in the University of Cambridge. He is an international advisor to the American Law Institute's Restatement 4th Foreign Relations Law project. He is also a practising barrister and arbitrator (NZ, call 1984, QC 2007).
Mario Mendez is a Senior Lecturer in the School of Law at Queen Mary University of London where he also co-directs their Centre for European and International Legal Affairs (CEILA). He is the author of The Legal Effects of EU Agreements: Maximalist Treaty Enforcement and Judicial Avoidance Techniques (OUP 2013) and co-author of Referendums and the European Union: A Comparative Inquiry (CUP 2014).
Tadaatsu Mori is Director of the Russian Division within the European Affairs Bureau at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan. Previously he headed the Treaties Division as Director until January 2017. He is a career diplomat since 1991 and has expertise in international law, trade affairs, Japan-US economic relations, and Russian affairs. He served at the Embassy of Japan in Washington, D.C. as a Counselor for economic affairs (2006-2008). He also served at the Embassy of Japan in Moscow three times throughout his diplomatic career, most recently as Political Minister (2012-2015). He was a CNAPS Visiting Fellow at the Brookings Institution in 2010, Professor at Kobe University’s Graduate School of International Cooperation Studies in 2011-2012, and Director of APEC Division in 2012. Mr. Mori conducted regional studies as a special student at the Russian Research Center, Harvard University (1993-94) and also studied at Moscow State Institute for International Relations (MGIMO) (1994-1995).
Tadashi Mori is a Professor at the Graduate Schools for Law and Politics at the University of Tokyo, where he has taught since 2010. He received his LL.B. and LL.M. from the University of Tokyo in 1992 and 1994 respectively, and his LL.M. from Georgetown University Law Center in 1996. He was a Graduate Visiting Student/Academic Visitor at the University of Oxford from 2003 to 2005. He received his Ph.D. (Law) from the University of Tokyo in 2008. Mori was a Research Assistant at the University of Tokyo from 1997 to 2000, and taught at Tokyo Metropolitan University from 2000 to 2010. His publications include The Right of Self-Defence in International Law: From the Caroline Incident to the United Nations Charter (University of Tokyo Press, 2009) (in Japanese).
Dr. Richard Frimpong Oppong is an Associate Professor at the Faculty of Law, Thompson Rivers University in British Columbia, Canada, and a Fellow of the Ghana Academy of Arts and Sciences. He holds degrees from the University of Ghana, University of Cambridge, Harvard Law School, and the University of British Columbia. In 2012, he held the post of Director of Studies (Private International Law) at The Hague Academy of International Law. He was a member of the Working Group of The Hague Conference on Private International Law that developed The Hague Principles on Choice of Law in International Commercial Contracts, 2015. His principal research interests are in private international law, regional economic integration and international dispute settlement, with a special focus on Africa. He has published widely on these subjects, including three books, one co-edited book, and 42 articles, book chapters and book reviews. Two of publications have won international awards, namely the 2013 American Society of International Law prize in Private International Law and the 2014 James Crawford Prize of the Journal of International Dispute Settlement.
Andreas L. Paulus holds the Chair of Public and International Law at the Georg-August-University Göttingen. Paulus teaches Public Law, International and European Law and Legal Philosophy. Since March 2010, he serves as justice of the First Senate of the German Federal Constitutional Court (Bundesverfassungsgericht). Paulus also served as counsel and advisor of the Federal Republic of Germany before the International Court of Justice in the LaGrand (Germany v. United States) and Certain Property (Liechtenstein v. Germany) cases. His publications cover international legal theory, the United Nations, international adjudication, as well as international criminal law. Paulus is co-editor of the third edition of the Simma commentary on the UN Charter (Oxford 2012).
Anne Peters is Director at the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law Heidelberg (Germany), and a professor at the universities of Heidelberg, Freie Universität Berlin, and Basel (Switzerland). She has been a member (substitute) of the European Commission for Democracy through Law (Venice Commission) in respect of Germany (2011-2014), and served as the President of the European Society of International Law (2010-2012). Born in Berlin in 1964, Anne studied at the universities of Würzburg, Lausanne, Freiburg, and Harvard, and held the chair of public international law at the university of Basel from 2001 to 2013. Books (authored and co-edited) include: Beyond Human Rights (CUP 2016); Transparency in International Law (CUP 2013); Oxford Handbook of the History of International Law (OUP 2012); and The Constitutionalization of International Law (OUP 2011).
Roland Portmann is the Legal Adviser at the Embassy of Switzerland in the United States of America in Washington, DC. As the Legal Adviser, he deals with all legal aspects of Switzerland's bilateral relations with the United States, ranging from transnational financial regulation to the interpretation of the Geneva Conventions. Prior to taking up his current position, he served twice as an attorney-adviser in the Legal Adviser's Office at the Swiss Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Berne (2008-10 and 2011-13). Being part of Switzerland's diplomatic service, he also served as a legal and diplomatic attaché to the Swiss Embassy in the Republic of Kosovo (2010-11). Roland Portmann studied in St Gallen and in Geneva, Switzerland, as well as in Cambridge, United Kingdom. He holds Master degrees in international affairs as well as in law and a doctorate in international law. His recent publications include Legal Personality in International Law (Cambridge University Press 2010 and 2013) and contributions on Swiss Foreign Relations Law in the authoritative Commentary on the Federal Constitution of Switzerland. Roland Portmann is also a Lecturer in International Law and Constitutional Law at the University of St Gallen, Switzerland.
Alejandro Rodiles is Associate Professor of International Law and Global Governance at ITAM in Mexico City. Before this position, he was a Research Fellow at the Chair for Public Law, Public International Law and European Law at the Humboldt University of Berlin, and a Lecturer at the Law Faculty of the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM). Rodiles worked at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Mexico and served on the Permanent Mission of Mexico to the United Nations in New York (2009-2011) as Legal Adviser. He also worked at the Office of the Legal Adviser and the Policy Planning Staff at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Mexico City. Rodiles earned his law degree (LL.B.) from UNAM, made postgraduate studies at the Law Faculty of Ludwig-Maximilians University of Munich, and earned his PhD (doctor iuris) from Humboldt University, Berlin. His research and teaching interests include the law of global governance, global security law, Latin American approaches to international law, and the geopolitics of international law.
Hernan Salinas is Professor of Public International Law at the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile and Universidad of Chile, as well as Chairman of the Juridical Inter-American Committee of the Organization of American States (OAS). He is the rapporteur of the topic of “Strengthening of the Representative Democracy in America,” a member of the Fact-Finding Commission in the 1977 Additional Protocol I of the Geneva Conventions of 1949, as well as served as the Director of Legal Affairs in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Chile from 2010-2014. He was an integral part of the Chilean defense team in the case of maritime delimitation between Peru and Chile brought to the International Court of Justice, and currently is part of the advisory team of experts in the defense of Chile in demand for Bolivia before the same court in the so-called subject of the "Obligation to Negotiate." He is President of the Chilean Society of International Law, and the author of several articles and book chapters in the areas of International Law.
Robert Schütze is Professor of European Union Law at Durham University (United Kingdom). Outside the Law School, he co-directs the Global Policy Institute together with the political scientist Professor David Held. He is also a Visiting Professor at the School of Government of LUISS Guido Carli University (Rome) and at the College of Europe (Bruges). Schütze is a constitutional scholar with a particular expertise in the law of the European Union and comparative federalism. He has published extensively and his work has been translated into a number of languages. He is one of the co-editors of the Yearbook of European Law and the "Oxford Principles of European Union Law". His "Foreign Affairs and the EU Constitution" is a collection of his well-known essays on the external affairs powers and principles of the European Union."
Paul B. Stephan is the John C. Jeffries, Jr., Distinguished Professor of Law and the John V. Ray Research Professor of Law at the University of Virginia. He has taught at the University of Virginia since 1979, and during that time has been a visiting professor at Duke Law School, Columbia Law School, the Peking University School of Transnational Law, Melbourne University, Sydney University, Paris II, Paris I, Sciences Po, the Interdisciplinary Center Herzliya, Lausanne University, the University of Vienna, Münster University, and the Moscow State Institute for International Relations and the World Economy. He served as Counselor on International Law in the Office of the Legal Adviser of the U.S. State Department during 2006-07 and advised the U.S. Department of the Treasury on tax reform in the former socialist states of Europe from 1993 to 1998. He was an advisor to the law firm of Wilmer Cutler and Pickering from 1990 to 1994 and a scholar-in-residence in the London office of Wilmer Hale in 2014. He is a Coordinating Reporter for the American Law Institute’s Restatement (Fourth) of the Foreign Relations Law of the United States.
David P. Stewart is Professor from Practice at Georgetown University Law Center in Washington, D.C., where he teaches Public and Private International Law, Foreign Relations Law, International Law in Domestic Courts, International Criminal Law, and International Human Rights. He co-directs the Global Law Scholars Program and directs the Center for Transnational Business and the Law. He joined Georgetown’s faculty in 2008, following a career with the Office of the Legal Adviser at the U.S. Department of State, where he served as Assistant Legal Adviser in a number of areas including private international law, diplomatic law and litigation, African affairs, human rights and refugees, law enforcement and intelligence, and international claims and investment disputes. He is President of the American Branch of the International Law Association, a member of the Board of Editors of the American Journal of International Law, and a member of the American Law Institute currently serving as one of the Co-Reporters working on the immunities section of the Restatement (Fourth), Foreign Relations Law of the United States.
Hennie Strydom is Professor in Public International Law at the University of Johannesburg and holds the National Research Foundation Chair in International Law. He is the president of the South African Branch of the International Law Association and his research is focused on general international law, international human rights law, international humanitarian law and international environmental law. He serves on the editorial board of the South African Yearbook of International Law, the African Yearbook on International Humanitarian Law and the Law Journal of the Faculty of Law, Palacky University, Olomouc, Czech Republic.
Dire Tladi is a professor of international law at the University of Pretoria and a member of the UN International Law Commission. He serves as Special Adviser to the South African Minister of International Relations and Cooperation. He was previously Principal State Law Adviser for International Law at the Department of International Relations and Cooperation and Legal Counsellor to the South African Permanent Mission to the United Nations in New York.
Rene Uruena is an Associate Professor and Director of Research at the Universidad de Los Andes School of Law (Colombia). He holds a doctoral degree (exima cum laude) from the University of Helsinki, and is currently President of the Colombian Academy of International Law. Twice an expert witness before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, René has published extensively on international law and global governance, and serves on the editorial board of the International Organizations Law Review and of Law and Practice of International Courts and Tribunals. He has been a visiting associate professor at the University of Utah, a docent at the Institute for Global Law and Policy at Harvard Law School, and a research fellow at New York University and at the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public and International Law.
Gib van Ert is the Executive Legal Officer to the Chief Justice of Canada, the Rt Hon Beverley McLachlin PC. The Executive Legal Officer is the Chief Justice's principal advisor in matters concerning the administration of the Supreme Court of Canada, the Canadian Judicial Council and the National Judicial Institute. He is on leave of absence from Hunter Litigation Chambers, Vancouver, where he has a broad civil litigation practice. He is the author of Using International Law in Canadian Courts and other works on the reception of international law in Canada. He is an annual contributor to the Canadian Yearbook of International Law. He was a law clerk to Justices Charles Gonthier and Morris Fish of the Supreme Court of Canada and Madam Justice Joanne Prowse of the Court of Appeal for British Columbia. He has a B.A. (Hons.) from McGill, an M.A. in law from the University of Cambridge and an LL.M. from the University of Toronto.
Carlos M. Vázquez is a Professor of Law at the Georgetown University Law Center in Washington, DC, and he currently co-directs the Center for Transnational Legal Studies in London. From 2012 to 2016, he was a member of the UN Committee for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination. From 2000 to 2003, he was a member of the Inter-American Juridical Committee of the Organization of American States. He has served on the Board of Editors of the American Society of International Law and currently serves on the Executive Council of the American Society of International Law. He is a member of the American Law Institute, where he has advised on the Restatement (Fourth) of Foreign Relations Law of the United States and the Restatement (Third) of Conflict of Laws. He served as a law clerk to the Honorable Stephen R. Reinhardt. He has written extensively in the areas of public and private international law, foreign relations law, and constitutional law.
Pierre-Hugues Verdier is E. James Kelly, Jr. – Class of 1965 Research Professor at the University of Virginia School of Law. He specializes in public international law, banking and financial regulation, and international economic relations. Professor Verdier is a graduate of the joint civil law and common law program of the Faculty of Law, McGill University, and obtained LL.M. and S.J.D. degrees from Harvard Law School. Prior to joining the faculty at the University of Virginia, he was a law clerk for the Supreme Court of Canada, an associate with Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton in New York City, and a visiting assistant professor at Boston University School of Law. More recently, he has been a visiting professor at Chicago, Harvard and the University of Münster.
Mila Versteeg is Professor of Law and the Director of the Human Rights Program at the University of Virginia School of Law. Her research and teaching interests include comparative constitutional law, public international law and empirical legal studies. Her publications have, amongst others, appeared in the California Law Review, the New York University Law Review, the University of Chicago Law Review, the American Political Science Review, the American Journal of Political Science, the Journal of Legal Studies, the American Journal of International Law, and the Journal of Law, Economics and Organizations. Versteeg earned her B.A. in public administration and first law degree from Tilburg University in the Netherlands in 2006, her LL.M. from Harvard Law School in 2007, and a D.Phil. in socio-legal studies in 2011 from Oxford University. Prior to joining UVA Law, Versteeg was an Olin Fellow and lecturer in law at the University of Chicago Law School. Versteeg previously worked at the U.N. Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute in Turin and at the Southern Africa Litigation Centre in Johannesburg.
Dr. Philippa Webb is Associate Professor in Public International Law at The Dickson Poon School of Law, King’s College London. She joined Law School in 2012 after a decade in international legal practice. She has served as the Special Assistant and Legal Officer to President Higgins of the International Court of Justice, the Judicial Clerk to Judges Higgins and Owada and Associate Legal Adviser at the International Criminal Court. Dr Webb is on the International Advisory Panel for the American Law Institute’s project Restatement Fourth, Foreign Relations Law of the United States. She is a Board Member of the European Society of International Law, co-chair of the Editorial Committee of the Journal of International Criminal Justice and on the editorial boards of The Leiden Journal of International Law and The British Yearbook of International Law. Her publications include Oppenheim’s International Law: The United Nations (OUP, 2017, with Dame Rosalyn Higgins, Dapo Akande, Sandy Sivakumaran and James Sloan), The Law of State Immunity (OUP 2015, with Lady Hazel Fox), and International Judicial Integration and Fragmentation (OUP 2013, paperback 2016). She is also a barrister at 20 Essex Street Chambers in London.
Hannah Woolaver is a Senior Lecturer in Public International Law at the Law Faculty of the University of Cape Town, and a Visiting Fellow at the University of New South Wales, Australia. She teaches public international law and international criminal law at undergraduate and postgraduate level, and also supervises postgraduate research in these areas. Prior to coming to UCT, Hannah completed her LLB at the University of Durham, BCL at the University of Oxford, and PhD at the University of Cambridge. Her research interests include all areas of public international law, and particularly the law of the use of force, international criminal law, and the relationship between international and domestic law. Hannah is the Managing Editor of the African Yearbook on International Humanitarian Law.
Ernest A. Young holds the Alston & Bird Chair at Duke Law School. His scholarship has focused on the law of American federalism, constitutional theory, and foreign relations law, and he has been known to dabble in maritime law and comparative constitutional law. He has written amicus briefs in a number of prominent Supreme Court cases, including United States v. Texas, United States v. Windsor, Medellin v. Texas, and Gonzales v. Raich. Prior to coming to Duke in 2008, Professor Young held the Charles Alan Wright Chair in Federal Courts at the University of Texas at Austin. He clerked for Judge Michael Boudin of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the First Circuit (1993-94) and Justice David Souter of the U.S. Supreme Court (1995-96). Professor Young practiced law at Cohan, Simpson, Cowlishaw, & Wulff in Dallas, Texas (1994-95) and at Covington & Burling in Washington, D.C. (1996-98).
Katja Ziegler is Sir Robert Jennings Professor of International Law at the University of Leicester and Director of the Centre of European Law and Internationalisation (CELI). Her research spans the areas of international, European and comparative law with a particular focus on the interaction of legal orders. Current research themes are: firstly, the constitutionalisation and intersection of legal orders in an international, European and comparative law context, in particular by human rights and general principles of law; and, secondly, limits on executive power to resort to military force from a comparative constitutional and international law perspective for which she held a British Academy Mid-career Fellowship. Recent publications include ‘Immunity v Human Rights: The Right to a Remedy after Benkharbouche’, (2017) 17 Human Rights Law Review 127-151 and ‘Beyond Pluralism and Autonomy: Systemic Harmonisation as a Paradigm for the Interaction of EU Law and International Law’ (2016) 35 Yearbook of European Law 667-711.